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Health Psychology (Term Paper Sample)

You will select one of two case studies for the Final Project. Using this case study, you will: 1.Evaluate models of behavior 2.Evaluate the mind-body connection using the theories learned 3.Assess the client's needs 4.Discuss how to address the issues presented in the case study as they pertain to a client 5.Predict the outcome of this intervention Your paper should be 6-8 pages, and you should use at least five resources, other than your text, to research the disorder you chose for your Final Project. You must have at least one Kaplan Library resource for your Final Project, from library databases such as Academic Search Premier or Lexis Nexis, along with online articles and books. Information regarding APA formatting is at the Kaplan Writing Center. APA formatting dictates how your paper should appear on each page. Refer to the APA Quick Reference on the Course Home Page for examples of how to cite sources. Each paper should include: -A title page -The paper itself (the "discussion") -Correct APA formatting for in-paper cites -A references page -Use standard margins: 1" on all sides. -Use standard 12-point font size in Times New Roman or Arial. -Use standard double-spacing: average of 22 lines per page, and between 20 to 24 lines per page. -Use left-aligned text. Do not right-justify. Case Studies for Final Project: Case Study 1: John John goes to his doctor because he is having severe stomach problems. John has a long history of other health issues that his doctor has not been able to explain from a physical point of view. John's doctor has decided that it is time for him to have a complete physical. His doctor asks him if there is anything else he should know. John tells his doctor that all is fine. John has been set up for a series of tests from bloodwork to an MRI. John completes the physical tests and then schedules a time to meet with his doctor to discuss the results. During this follow-up appointment, the doctor asks John about any other symptoms that he is having besides his stomach problems. John admits that he has been more moody, which is causing conflicts at work and at home. He adds that he's not sleeping well and seems to have many debts piling up that he cannot pay. His doctor asks him how he has been coping with these issues. He wonders if John is eating OK and exercising, since he has lost a lot of weight, and getting out socially. John finally tells his doctor that his wife is ready to leave him, his job is on the line, and he is always down. He admits that he comes home from work and just sits down with a drink to relax; he does not have the energy to do anything else. In reviewing the test results, the doctor determines that John has alcoholic hepatitis. He tells John that he knows that there is a major problem with his drinking and he needs help; if he does not stop drinking and change his lifestyle, he will die. He makes an appointment at the local Drug and Alcohol Treatment Center, which John agrees to keep. source..
Running head: HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY Health Psychology Student’s Name Institution’s Name Instructor’s Name Course Name Evaluatiation of Models of Behavior An integrated behavioral service for older people is important and thus should be improved (Sadock, Kaplan & Sadock, 2007). For this reason, clinicians have to evaluate different models of behavior that are evident in patients that visit their clinics. There are several perspectives and theories that tend to explain the cause of abnormal behaviors in individuals (Sadock et al, 2007). As for the case of John, he admits his change in behavior both at home and at work place. John is not in a position to do any other thing apart from drinking, as much as he is in dept and social crisis. From the medical perspective, there is a focus on both physiological and biological factors that can alter the behavior of an individual. Clinicians can attend to this as sickness or mental ailment after a diagnosis based on the symptoms and treated through medication (Aghababia & Allison, 2006). This explains the reason as to why John had to be taken through a series of tests to diagnose the real cause of the problem. In some cases, hospitalization and drugs acts as a better intervention other than psychological care. According to research, biochemical disorders can lead to change in behavior which can only be administered medically (Sadock et al, 2007). Behavioral perspective has been supported on the basis that abnormal patterns of behavior result from wrong unproductive education and training (Brannon, 2010). The purpose of treatment in this case is to bring to the right shape the disordered characters. This is done using traditional learning methods to teach new but appropriate adoptive methods that will lead to improved behavior. For example, a case of child abuse may rise because one learned the behavior from the father who used to abuse them. For this reason, education is the only way that new ideas can be adopted to change behavior (Gurung, 2010). When evaluating models of behavior, it is important to consider the psychodynamic perspective related to the behavioral changes being witnessed. Evaluation using this method is an alternative to the medical perspective and it is adopted from the Freudian psychoanalytic theory. From this theory, it is contented that psychological disorders are part of the consequences of anxiety that results from some unresolved and comatose disagreements (Sadock et al, 2007). Treatment of this problem is mainly focused on the identification of what might have been the cause and the resolution of the conflict. Some people engage in abnormal behavior because of certain cognitive problems. People involve in unusual behavior because of certain specific thoughts and activities that are based of either their wrong assumptions or the things they cannot do but have to do them (Lessenger & Roper, 2009). For example, from the case study, John’s behavior has changed because of debts. Treatment of this kind of behavior is aimed at helping the victim develop a new thinking process and new principles. The therapy needed here is by replacing the maladaptive habits with the right and useful ones (Brannon, 2010). Finally, evaluation of models of behavior can take a social-cultural perspective. From this perspective, an abnormal behavior is learned within a given social orientation (Gurung, 2010). The social context can range from the family, to work place or even the culture. Abnormal behavior can also be as a result of cultural variations that have been learned through cognitive processes (Sadock et al, 2007). For example, symptoms of Anorexia nervosa and Bulimia are an indication of certain psychological disorders that are majorly found in the west valuing the thin female body. This is a cultural orientation that can lead to abnormal behavior if an individual does not...
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