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Philosophy and the Environment (Term Paper Sample)

Instructions:
Philosophy and the Environment Topics for Final Paper Topics: Choose one of the following: 1. Ecocentric ethicists claim that human and nonhuman nature are morally equal. While egocentric ethicists and homocentric ethicists disagree about the degree to which humanity should be valued over nonhuman nature, they agree that ecocentric ethics should be rejected. Begin by describing the fundamental disagreement between ecocentric ethicists and those who value humanity over nature. Then, argue for or against ecocentric ethics. Consider the following when writing your paper: a. Merchant writes, “Ecocentric ethics are rooted in a holistic [organic], rather than mechanistic, metaphysics.” (p.77) What role does metaphysics play in ecocentric and other environmental ethics? Make sure to explain the organic and mechanistic worldviews. 2. In Planet of Slums and The Vulnerable Planet the rise of capitalism is linked to the rise of the ecological crisis. First, describe at least two examples (from the reading) which exemplify this link. Then, discuss whether or not you think capitalism is compatible with a sustainable ecology. You should consider the following: a. In “Is Sustainable Capitalism Possible?” James O'Connor argues that capitalism is unsustainable. Do you agree with him? Why or why not? b. In “The Tragedy of the Commons” Garret Hardin argues that privatization and enclosures are they only way to prevent overexploitation of natural resources. Do you agree with him? Why or why not? 3. In Radical Ecology Merchant surveys “thoughts” and “movements” in the radical ecology movement. Describe two or more of these thoughts and movements. Begin by explaining the foundations of each thought or movement. Then show how they are related, compare and contrast them. 4. Choose your own topic (must be approved by me). Use this sources, but dont limit yourself to it: Mike Davis's Planet of Slums (Verso 2007, ISBN: 9781844671601) John Foster's The Vulnerable Planet (Monthly Press 1999, ISBN: 158367019X) Carolyn Merchant's Radical Ecology (Routledge 2005, ISBN: 0415935784) Donald Worster's Nature's Economy (Cambridge 1994. ISBN: 0521468345) source..
Content:
Running Head: Philosophy and the Environment
Philosophy and the Environment: Is Sustainable Capitalism Possible?
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Table of contents
Introduction ………………………………………………… 3
Is Sustainable Capitalism Possible? ……………………….. 4
Sustainable Capitalism Cannot Be Achieved ……………… 6
Sustainable Capitalism Is Achievable ……………………... 7
Conclusion …………………………………………………. 10
References …………………………………………………. 12
Philosophy and the Environment
Introduction
Mike Davis`s Planet of Slums and John Foster`s The Vulnerable Planet have discussed the ecological problems relating to the capitalism. This report evaluates the chances of having a sustainable capitalism based on arguments brought about by these two authors as they describe the relationship between the ecological crises and capitalism. Many efforts made are by environmentalist that demand regulation of the capitalist economy but little has been achieved due to conflict of interests. As a result, the ecological problems continue to thrive in the economy.
Davis argues that the increased capital accumulation in the capitalism has resulted to increased poverty among the slum dwellers while the wealthy few have continued to dominate the poor. He puts it across that in the developed countries, the slum dwellers are the minorities in the cities while the slum dwellers in the less developed countries dominate in the cities. Davis notes "neoliberal capitalism since 1970 has multiplied Dickens's notorious slum of Tom-all-Alone's in Bleak House by exponential powers. Residents of slums, while only 6% of the city population of the developed countries, constitute a staggering 78.2% of urbanites in the least-developed countries" (Davis, 2007, p. 23). Davie further argues that the majority of the world population live in poverty. This due to the fact that the majority of the world`s population lives in the developing economies that are characterized by high birth rate compared to the developed countries.
Davies argues that, in the future, there will be more residents living in cities than in the countryside. The city lifestyle is characterized by decayed moral fiber, poor living conditions, and illiteracy. A capitalistic economy results to urban sprawl. The problems in the cities are attributed to capitalism. This because of the "neoliberal restructuring of Third World urban economies that has occurred since the late 1970s" (ibid 147). This involves people preferring to live ...
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