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The Classical and the Positivist Schools of Thought (Reaction Paper Sample)


complete a critical analysis and reflection. This written exercise must be in APA style and format, a minimum of 500 words in length excluding the abstract. When writing your papers, think in terms of providing a critical overview of the reading, identifying and highlighting the significant facts revealed, and closing with your own well-reasoned and informed scholarly deduced conclusion(s). Keep in mind the required 500 words without the Abstract is the minimum requirement for average performance relative to the wording volume. Refer to the Syllabus for more detailed instructions.
Lilly, J.R., Cullen, F.T., and Ball, R.A., (2015). Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences (6th Edition) Sage Publications. ISBN 978-1-4522-5816-4.
Chapter two
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The Classical and the Positivist Schools of Thought
The Classical and the Positivist Schools of Thought
Currently, countries all over the world are in the process of enacting, changing, and dropping some of the policies that exist. As the above is happening, keen individuals will not fail to notice the fact that the adopted policies are undeniably influenced by theories that were conceived in the past. Over the years, crime has had numerous explanations, but till today, blanks and questions still exist. Theorists and individuals who try to explain the causes of crime often tailored their views to fit within certain social settings. The implication of the above is that replicating the ideas could indeed be flawed and hence the imposed limits in use and generalization. Researchers often focused on demographic changes to explain the fluctuations in criminal behavior, but there have been counter arguments that suggest that human beings have within themselves the triggers to commit a crime. The study of crime and criminals dates back many centuries and led to two historically significant schools of thought: the classical school of thought and the positivist school of thought.
The classical school of thought was coined by Beccaria and Bentham in the 18th century (Lilly, Cullen, and Ball, 2015). According to the two researchers, criminals know what they are doing and often make calculated moves. In his explanation of crime and criminal activity, Beccaria said that criminals plan their crimes and often choose to commit crime willingly. To Beccaria, free will was the main reason why people committed a crime. He also claimed that a criminal's behavior is always guided by self-sat...
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