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Social Sciences
English (U.S.)
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End of Life (Ethics). Medical Futility at the End of Life (Essay Sample)


1. Why topic was chosen? (Separate Word Document, one paragraph)
In a Word document, state your medical ethics issue topic and write a paragraph explaining
why you have chosen this medical ethics issue to research.
Topic: End of Life
Example: If you choose to write about End of Life, the medical issue might be physician-assistedsuicide.
2. Outline (template will be attached) (1 page)
Submit an outline of the paper.
-Your submission must include an introduction, body, and conclusion sections in outline format.
-Each section of your outline should include topic sentences and paragraph transitions that helptie your major points together.
-Your outline must follow current APA style formatting.
3. The paper (4 pages) (Rubric will be attached)
Your submission must include:
- A title page
- The body of the paper, which includes 4–6 pages of professionally written text
- At least three references from textbooks, websites and articles that provide adequatejustification and support your claim
- Subheadings (technical aspects, public policy, and personal opinion/conclusion)
- Appropriate in-text citations throughout paper
- A reference list with only the sources used in the body of the paper (All sources shouldbe less than 5 years old unless recent research is not available, and at least one referencemust be a peer-reviewed article from a profession journal. Do not use Wikipedia or anencyclopedia as they are not considered reliable academic sources and will not beaccepted.)
- APA style formatting throughout your paper


Medical Futility at the End of Life
Student’s Name
Medical Futility at the End of Life
Sustaining life when certain body functions fail is an important aspect of healthcare. Advancement in the medical field has allowed healthcare providers to sustain life for as long as possible. This has been done through life-sustaining treatments such as feeding tubes, dialysis, ventilators, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), among others (McCroskey, 2015). While life-sustaining treatments can extend a patient’s life, they often come with complex side effects. Patients at the end of life (EOL) care face difficulties in handling these side effects which include pain and suffering. These are patients who suffer from a terminal illness and their health is deteriorating as time goes by. Life-sustaining treatments, especially at the EOL, have resulted in heavy ethical debate about medical futility at the EOL. Medical futility refers to the use of treatments and interventions that cannot achieve the intended therapeutic goal regardless of the number of times the treatments are used on the patient (McCroskey, 2015). Medical futility also refers to “extending a painful life” using the life-sustaining treatments at the disposal of healthcare providers and patients (Cifrese & Rincon, 2018). Medical futility at the EOL is an ethical concern that needs to be addressed to ensure that the goals of EOL care are met.

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