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Social Sciences
Reaction Paper
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Republic of Angola: A Country in Southern Africa (Reaction Paper Sample)


This assignment allows each student to research and understand a country, its people, resources, challenges and standing in the international system. A citizen living in the 21" century must have some level of appreciation for other countries in the world. At varying levels, people in all countries are interconnected. This is due to globalization; the integration of markets, politics, values and environmental concerns across borders,
Instructions Research on your assigned state should consist of five to nine pages (in a WORD document), not including the title page, abstract or reference page. The entire paper should be in APA format.
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A minimum of five sources should be used referenced, with one a hardback book. Your paper should include an introduction, discussion and conclusion.
Your analysis should include:
l, Overview of the state
a. Official name
b. Population of incorporated area (demographics), religion, ethnic groups, languages
c. Location and geography
d. Educational institutions (primary, secondary and postsecondary)
e. Major cities
f. Brief history
g. Structure of government and its leaders
h. Domestic issues and Foreign Affairs
I. Resources, 2015 GDP. economy, major exports, major imports. major industries
j. IGO memberships
k. NGO/nonstate actors impacting the state
l. Military strength
m. Advantages/Disadvantages (Strengths and Weaknesses)
n. Human Rights issues
o. Health and environmental issues
2. What is the global issue most impacting the country? Explain and provide what could be solutions.
3. The most important facts about the country
4. What is the country's position in the international system?
5. Your subjective opinion of the country.


A state is nothing without its population, its territory, a government, and independence. However, these all pertain to aspects that are within itself. A state is much more than that. Especially concerning the rises and falls, the state beats to the drum of also its brothers and sisters across seas. These lead the way to the origin and developmental stories of the state that continues to write itself as each year passes.
It is important to study this as it is important to study people, their personal histories, struggles, triumphs, and even plans. In order to better understand one's world of meaning, effort must be put into making oneself knowledgeable about not only the hard facts but the subjective side as well.
Angola, an overview
Angola, officially the Republic of Angola, is a country in Southern Africa (Baynes, 1878). It is bordered by Namibia to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Zambia to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Angola lies on the west coast of Southern Africa and is bayed by the Atlantic Ocean. It covers an area more than 1,200,000 square kilometers. The country is divided into eighteen provinces, its capital being the city of Luanda ("Angola", 2017).
Its population stands at 20,172,332, taken from Angola's 2014 national census. It ranks 59th in the world. People from Angola are called Angolan(s). They house several ethnic groups: Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mestico (mixed European and native African) 2%, European 1%, and others 22%. As a result, the languages spoken are also as diverse: Portuguese 71.2% (official), Umbundu 23%, Kikongo 8.2%, Kimbundu 7.8%, Chokwe 6.5%, Nhaneca 3.4%, Nganguela 3.1%, Fiote 2.4%, Kwanhama 2.3%, Muhumbi 2.1%, Luvale 1%, and other 3.6%. The dominant religion is Roman Catholicism at 41.1%, next is Protestantism at 38.1%, others at 8.6%, and those who have none are at 12.3% ("The World Factbook: Angola", 2017).
It has been more than a decade since the civil war yet the country still faces a lot of socioeconomic problems, including high poverty, high maternal and child mortality, and illiteracy ("The World Factbook: Angola", 2017). Unemployment is still rampant.
In 2012, the UN assessed that conditions in Angola had been stable for several years and invoked a cessation of refugee status for Angolans. Following the cessation clause, some of those still in exile returned home voluntarily through UN repatriation programs, and others integrated into host countries. As of August 2014, about 73,000 Angolans were still living in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia, Namibia, the Republic of the Congo, and other countries (Henson, 2008).
Fighting between the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), led by Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS, and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), led by Jonas SAVIMBI, followed independence from Portugal in 1975. Peace seemed imminent in 1992 when Angola held national elections ("Angola", 2017), but fighting picked up again in 1993. Up to 1.5 million lives may have been lost - and 4 million people displaced - during the more than a quarter century of fighting. SAVIMBI's death in 2002 ended UNITA's insurgency and cemented the MPLA's hold on power. President DOS SANTOS pushed through a new constitution in 2010 and was elected to a five year term as president ("The World Factbook: Angola", 2017).
The Republic of Angola is derived by the Portuguese title "ngola" which they call the kings of a kingdom in what now is Angola ("The World Factbook: Angola", 2017). Their government type is a presidential republic and it houses 18 provinces to name: Bengo, Benguela, Bie, Cabinda, Cunene, Huambo, Huila, Kwando Kubango, Kwanza Norte, Kwanza Sul, Lua...

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