The Reasons Underlying Failed States Research Paper (Research Paper Sample)
Use the Internet to research one developing nation of your choice. Your research should include an examination of the effects that issues such as bad governance, civil war and corruption have on the creation of states that have failed. Include in your research the articles from the discussion questions as well as the material covered by the Webtext and lectures in Weeks 1 through 8.
Write a six- to eight-page paper in which you:
Identify the factors that contribute to a state's failure to deliver good governance to its people. Support your response with concrete examples of each of the results that you have cited.
Analyze why the specific actions taken by the leadership of the selected country have failed.
Discuss the prospects for success in the selected country and support your response with examples.
Use at least seven quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia, dictionaries, encyclopedias, blogs and similar websites do not qualify as academic resources for college-level research papers. Approval of resources is at the instructor's discretion.
When referencing the selected resources, please use the following format:
Name of the author. Name of title. Retrieved from website URL.
Example: Soomo. Understanding Development [Webtext]. Retrieved from http://www.webtexts.com/courses/9218-cathey.
Name of the Author. Name of the lecture [lecture type]. Retrieved from lecture URL.
Example: Strayer University. (2013). Understanding Development [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from (URL Web address).
Author's Name. (Date of publication). Title of the resource. Retrieved from website URL.
Example: Wuestewald, Eric. (2014). Portraits of People Living on a Dollar a Day. Retrieved from (URL Web address).
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
CONTAINS NO ABSTRACT and be at least six pages of written text in length, excluding tables and graphs and at least seven sources.
Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow the APA format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student's name, the professor's name, the course title and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.
The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:
Analyze how funding in the form of aid, investment, and loans moves from industrialized nations to the developing world to alleviate the problems caused by warfare.
Use technology and information resources to research issues in sociology of developing countries.
Write clearly and concisely about sociology of developing countries using proper writing mechanics.
These are the only countries you may write about.
Central African Republic
Why States Fail: Zimbabwe
In this paper, we are going to highlight the factors leading to failure of states; more particularly in the developing countries. Many developing countries are faced with almost the same challenges throughout the globe. These challenges include: bad governance, corruption and civil wars which significantly affects the development and economy of the specified countries (Kidd & Richter, 2003). In this article, therefore, we shall discuss the state of Zimbabwe which has been struggling to economic stability for many decades. In any country, the citizens play an important role in ensuring the development of the economy. As a result, government leaders and politicians have the mandate to ensure that the interest of the citizens is well addressed and represented. However, in most cases the leaders take advantage of their position to exploit the common citizens through aspects such as corruption, bad governance and poor implementation of laws which are focused on dictatorship (Kidd & Richter, 2003). Zimbabwe, for instance is highly dominated by dictatorship governance which ensures that those against the government are mistreated through jail arrests or even murdered.
The following are the major factors attributing to failure of Zimbabwe: corruption, dictatorship and bad governance. Corruption in the general terms is defined as the misuse of power entrusted to people for their own private benefits (Owoye & Bissessar, 2012). It is a bad practice that corrodes the fabric of the society leading to embezzlements or misuse of public funds which could have been used towards enriching the entire nation. It is harmful to every person depending on the integrity of people in positions of authority. Additionally, corruption leads to decomposition and decay of moral principles and virtues in the society resulting in lack of faith and trust in both private and public institutions. There are three forms of corruption namely: political corruption, economic corruption and bureaucratic corruption (Owoye & Bissessar, 2012).
Political corruption is among the greatest threats to good governance. Since Zimbabwe is a dictatorship nation, this form of corruption is eminent. It involves the use of power by government officials and politicians for illegal purposes. During the year 2000, the Zimbabwean president, Mugabe came up with a bad land reform program which was aimed at evicting all the white farmers from Zimbabwean plantations. This led to the British farmers to flee to the United Kingdom with their expertise and the money. Meanwhile, the government was unable to manage the farms resulting to over 400,000 farmers losing the employment. The farms were then redistributed among the prominent and elite government officials in Robert Mugabe’s inner circle of the ruling ZANU-PF party. Allocation of the public land to his (Mugabe’s) officials indicated a major corruption graft and signs of poor governance. The country could not provide enough corn for the Zimbabwean people hence the prices for maize soared and the agricultural sector come tumbling down. This further led to investors’ lose of interest and confidence in the collapsing economy of the nation.
Additionally, economic corruption involves awarding of tenders to fraudulently to closely related friends and relatives by those in governments. The Zimbabwean state has been plunged into poverty as many funds entrusted to the administrators are misused. Mugabe’s government has been in the limelight after government’s contracts are awarded to Mugabe’s close friends and relatives. In most cases, the people who win such contracts and tenders do not possess the right expertise and as a result; substandard works are delivered (Kaufmann & Kraay, 200...
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