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Social Sciences
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Biodiversity (Essay Sample)

Biodiversity (a) Why does Rolston think that species have intrinsic moral status? (b) How might Sober object to this argument? (c) How might Rolston reply to this objection? (d) What do you think about this issue, and why? ------------------------------------------------------------------ Please read the two readings first, and then start the essay.(ONLY sources of the essay) ------------------------------------------------------------------ Professor's rules No outside sources needed. Answer each question in your own words. - Use quotes very sparingly, if at all. And make sure you cite every idea that you get from the course readings and lectures. Your grade will depend on the quality of your writing as well as on the accuracy of your answers. So make sure you edit for spelling, grammar, clarity,concision, and so on; and write several drafts of each answer. ------------------------------------------------------------------- Own words & Own ideas (not summary of the two ) That's is my final take home exam, and I really hope that you can finish well on this. Thanks so much ! source..
Biodiversity Name Course number Instructor’s name Date Why does Rolston think that species have intrinsic moral status?  Rolston thinks that species have an intrinsic moral status by virtue of entitlement to protection for sustainable development. In as much as the moral obligation to meet needs of human species exists there is a greater need to conserve nature. The moral or ethical debate about species emanate from the fact that ensuring that human beings are healthy and productive may sometimes be achieved at the expense of destroyed nature. Upon analysis of the people versus nature issue, it sometimes emerges that human beings may actually be losing by destroying nature. This is because nature supports human life including the poor and the hungry and the ultimate goal thus should be to conserve nature. The aim to eradicate hunger and poverty ought not to be used as the justification to destroy the environment. In as much as human life is important, sometimes it is necessary to sacrifice humans for the sake of the environment. This is because it is utterly impossible to eradicate poverty and, in fact, there are many other policies in everyday life that fail to protect the human life and assist the poor. Some of such policies include higher speed limits on highways that result in accidents, uninsured citizens who die as a result of inability to access health care from preventable diseases and preventable murder as a result of inadequate police to prevent crime. Rolston indicates that wealthier countries put military spending before feeding their citizens. Their domestic welfare policies dictate against letting people die from hunger. They can also afford to conserve nature, and they neglect the need to assist poorer countries to feed their hungry. This decision not to assist them causes people to die and yet do not attract public condemnation. It may not be necessary to destroy nature to feed the hungry. Rather distributing the wealth of a nation equitable may address the nature versus people issue. Instituting minimum wage laws, labor laws in developed countries and taxing people to feed the hungry may address the moral status issue of species. This is based on the premise that it is better to solve the problem of hungry people through equitable distribution of wealth than increasing pressure on nature. The flipside would be characterized by venturing more into the ecosystem and further stress natural resources creating a lose-lose situation. Institutions enact environmental policies that protect the intrinsic cultural, ecological, scientific, economic, historical and aesthetic values of flora and fauna. They place restrictions on how to interact with nature and uphold conservation. The restrictions do not overtly dictate that people starve in order to save nature though they require that they refrain from sacrificing nature set aside in reserves. Rolston thinks that both plant and animal species are equally important...
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