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Energy and Russian Policy with a close view on Putin's third presidential term (Essay Sample)

Instructions:
Introduction Putin¡¯s regime is improbable to contribute to remarkable transformations in the foreign policy because during his tenure as the prime minister he seemed to be the main architect. Additionally, during his tenure, Putin¡¯s was to reassert Russian political status. He appeared to be successful in attaining this objective on condition that oil price was increasing. Remarkably, in the earlier years of Dmitry Medvedev¡¯s tenure, the global financial crisis led to a rapid decrease in the prices of oil. Even Putin¡¯s reaction to declining ability of Russia as great power, it is somewhat risk-free that presents the depiction of Russia being an influential nation. Putin¡¯s main foreign policy priority was to prevent any transformation that was likely to harm Russia- that more and more seemed to mean the impediment of any transformation. For instance, Putin is against the Europe¡¯s attempts to cajole Russia by integrating European customs and values. Though, he does not champion a European that is economically weak and imports oil from Russia. During his leadership, Russian foreign policy was more and more opposed to transform the world. A pattern that is increasingly evident during his reign. Obviously the issue with such kind of policy is that transformation happens whether leaders fancy or not. Objectives The paper aims at discussing Energy and Russian Policy with a close view on Putini¡¯s third presidential term. Europe¡¯s reliance on Russian energy The enactment of ECSC and EURATOM agreements led to the formation of European alliances. Europe depends on about 50 % of its imports on energy and this is likely to increase to 70 percent in the next fifteen years. A big proportion of energy imports come from Russia. Nevertheless, crises about energy delivery from Russia to Ukraine elicited strong disapproval on the Russian energy measures as well as its capabilities as secure supplier. Basically, to fully understand the extent of Europe¡¯s dependence on Russian energy, it is important to recognize oil and gas industry in Russia. Europe¡¯s energy market relies on three projects; two of which are funded by Russia that is Nord stream and South stream; an the other supported by Turkey and Europe-Nabucco. Europe¡¯s dependence on Russian energy is worrying since, Russia lacks a developed free market and energy policies are determined by political power. However, Russia is an important partner for Europe¡¯s energy supply. Explain how Russia transforms that reliance into a political bargaining tool. Every country employs its political ties, fiscal connections, military means and other factor accessible means in most effective way to enhance the nation¡¯s position in the global backdrop. Russia is no exemption. What makes Russia unique is its fall as a world¡¯s super power following its break-up from the former USSR in 1991. The fall of the Soviet Union culminated to the disintegration of the Russian Federation as well as the deep fiscal fall. However, Russia uses its largest natural gas reservoir as a bargaining tool. When it comes to coal, Russia comes second after the United States Determine with which states energy is more frequently used in bilateral foreign policy dealings. European member states opted to pursue their foreign framework goals concerning Russia at the EU echelon or bilaterally. It appears rather appropriate to describe the special connection as a diagnostic arrangement of bilateral coordination¡¯s between two global players, especially states; hence ties exist in the exterior context with EU member states as a part of the system of the global system, and in the interior framework of the national structure of foreign policy. Please use a miminimum of 5 sources from the uploaded pdf files. Make sure to cite as many sources as possible in order to make it plagiarism free. Thank you. source..
Content:
Russian Energy Policy: A Closer View on Putin’s Third Presidential Term Name of student Course Institution Date due Introduction Energy policy refers to the approach that governmental entities take to address issues pertaining to development of energy, particularly its production, distribution, and consumption. Energy policy is surrounded by many factors that affect it, which include legislative policies, investment incentives, treaties, taxation policies, and energy conservation, among many other public policy factors. The Russian energy policy is contained in a strategy document, which outlines the nation’s energy policy until the year 2020. Russia has been proved to have the largest natural gas reserves in the world, and it recurrently alternates the top oil producer position with Saudi Arabia. Russia is responsible for supplying over a third of the oil and natural gas that Europe uses, and it is even starting to export its surplus to East Asian markets, which are hungry for energy. The energy sector is obviously a vital commercial asset for Russia, but it is much more than just that; for more than a century, Russia’s energy sector has been one of its major pillars in the country’s stabilization and escalating power. Energy security has been classified as the most fundamental aspect of Russia’s national security, and more so because of the recent changes in global trends, which make the continuation of the strength of Russia’s energy sector doubtful. Through out the history of Russia, its energy sector has undergone cycles of fluctuating strength and weakness. Since the czarist times, it has been the focus of the country’s policy to manage these cycles. However, this history can be traced back to Vladimir Putin’s regime. This paper, therefore, will discuss the political pressure activated by Russia’s trade of oil and natural gas in Europe during Putin’s third presidency. Russia’s Essentials – the Energy Factor To understand the history of Russia’s energy sector and the happenings surrounding Putin’s regime, then it is necessary to understand the essentials of Russia’s energy sector. Against the common belief, Russia is a naturally susceptible country, because it is surrounded by other great power and it possesses no borders that are easily defensible. Additionally, Russia is such a massive country whose inhospitable territory is populated by ethnic groups that are not only diverse but have been at odds, since time immemorial, with the centralized authority of Moscow. These two factors alone already depict the vulnerability and dilemma of Russia, because its main battle is the delicate balance of keeping itself together as a country along with establishing itself as a regional power. Russia must first consolidate its people under the umbrella of a single authority and, secondly, proceed to create buffers against other regional powers by expanding its powers across the immediate neighborhood. A clear examp...
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