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Annotated Bibliography
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Undocumented Immigration of Low-Skills Workers (Annotated Bibliography Sample)


Unit III Annotated Bibliography Follow the directions below for the completion of the Annotated Bibliography assignment for Unit III. Purpose: The purpose of the Annotated Bibliography is to summarize the sources that you have gathered to support your Research Proposal project. These summaries help you to think about the complex arguments presented in your sources and the massive information therein in terms of short, digestible articulations. In addition, these summaries will likely form the basis for Draft 1 of your Research Paper (the review of literature) that you will complete in Unit IV, which is largely comprised of summaries that are transitioned together and that form a conversation about the issue. Description: In this assignment, you will create an Annotated Bibliography consisting of five sources. Each entry will consist of a reference list citation that precedes a 100-150 word summary of the source. If each of the five entries is less than the word count, it is likely you have not fully developed your summary, and this lack of development can severely impact your grade for this assignment. Your Annotated Bibliography will include the elements listed below. Elements: Your Annotated Bibliography must contain specific elements. Your grade is largely based on your inclusion of these elements, as well as your ability to summarize your sources. For assistance, you may want to refer to the example in Chapter 20, Section 20f, of Strategies for Writing Successful Research Papers (pp. 436-438). The elements include the following. EH 1020, English Composition II 7 1. Cover page and APA formatting: You will include an APA-style cover page for your Annotated Bibliography. See the example in The CSU APA Guide (6th edition) on page 16. Your cover page should include the following: the title, your name, and the name of your university (Columbia Southern University). Your title will appear in the running head which should include up to 50 characters from the title of the paper, along with a sequential page number in the upper right-hand corner. The following conventions should be followed as well. See the Annotated Bibliography example (linked below) for guidance: • The entries should be ordered in alphabetical order according to the first substantive word in the reference list citation. • The entire Annotated Bibliography should be double-spaced, with no additional spaces between entries. • No reference list should be included with the Annotated Bibliography, as the entries themselves will contain the reference list citation information. • The first line of each reference list citation should be flush left with the left-hand margin (no indentation), and the second and proceeding lines should be indented ½” from the left-hand margin (hanging indent of one-half inch). • The summary paragraph begins on the line following the end of the reference. It lines up with the indented portion of the reference, with the exception that the first line is indented an additional one-half inch. (Look at the example to see how this formats.) 2. Entries: Each of the five entries should begin with a reference list citation in APA format and be followed by a 100-150 word summary of the source’s information. An Annotated Bibliography summary should include the most important information from the text. Sometimes, this means that you will broadly summarize larger portions of text (as in main ideas of a whole essay); other times, this means that you will focus on summarizing one paragraph out of an entire source. Whenever you quote information, use APA in-text citations. Annotated Bibliography Example: The purpose of the Annotated Bibliography example is to help you with the formatting of the Annotated Bibliography, which can be confusing. Use the document formatting as a guide. If assistance is required with the APA formatting, see page 13 of The CSU APA Guide (6th edition), and follow the instructions for formatting hanging indents.


Annotated Bibliography- Undocumented Immigration of low-skills workers, wages and employment
Course: EH 1020, English composition II
Blondell, J. (2008). Adverse impacts of massive and illegal immigration in the United States. The Journal of Social, Political, and Economic Studies, 33(3), 328-350.
This article highlights the likely economic costs of high immigration that’s been accounted since the late 1980’s in the U.S. of interest is the effect of mass immigration especially among the low-skills immigrants. Even though, the undocumented may pay taxes, the likely costs offering services to them may outweigh their economic benefits. The author also points out that depressing wages is one of the issues that affect workers in the blue-collar jobs, and the reduced wages in turn increase the risk of poverty for legal immigrants and native born Americans. The researcher also identifies the high poverty rates among the low-skilled immigrants and their children as one factors affecting their economic well being. To a less extent crime may be perpetuated in the low income areas that experience an influx of undocumented immigrants.
Dickey, F. (2003, Jul 20). Cover story; undermining American workers; record numbers of illegal immigrants are pulling wages down for the poor and pushing taxes higher. Los Angeles Times Retrieved from
The article looks into the economic aspect of unauthorized immigration especially in the state of California, where immigrants are less likely to ask for a pay rise for risk of being reported to authorities. Even though employers, are allowed to counter check the validity of immigration status many prefer hiring the undocumented immigrants at a low-wage. Additionally, there are few opportunities for a pay rise since an employer would simply higher another individual at lower labor costs. The net effect of this phenomenon is that unscrupulous employers cause wages to stagnate and even get lower, making it harder for low-skilled legal immigrants and native born Americans to remain competitive in the job market.
The United States Commission on Civil Rights. (2009). The Impact of Illegal Immigration on the Wages and Employment Opportunities of Black Workers. Retrieved from  HYPERLINK "/pubs/IllegImmig_10-14-10_430pm.pdf" /pubs/IllegImmig_10-14-10_430pm.pdf
This is a review on the impact of legal and illegal immigration to the U.S, specifically on the African American community. Immigration has increased the workforce, but has tended to be co...
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