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Immigration Enforcement (Essay Sample)


Immigration enforcement issues have continued to grow in complexity and intensity over the past several years. These debates have stemmed from legal battles, state’s rights, and Department of Homeland Security jurisdiction over immigration enforcement. Questions continue to swirl. Who is an illegal alien? Who can detain illegal aliens? When can they be deported? 
Conduct a case study researching and addressing the following:
Analyze the three chief issues with regards to immigration enforcement in the United States.
Examine state and local law enforcement agencies’ authority to create and enforce their own immigration policies.
Assess which component of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security is responsible for immigration enforcement.
Evaluate the federal government’s ability to adequately enforce immigration policy in the U.S. Provide two changes that might improve the ability of Homeland Security to enforce immigration policy.
Use at minimum of three academic resources to support the case study. Properly cite all references both in text as well as on the reference page. The paper must be at least three pages in length, not including the title and reference pages, and formatted according the APA style


Immigration Enforcement
The United States has experienced considerably high levels of illegal immigrations since the early 1970s up to the time of the time of Great Recession that started in 2008. There was an attempt by the Congress in 1986 to address the issue of illegal immigration. The Congress passed the IRCA (Immigration Reform and Control Act) which was the first initiative related to the current era of immigration enforcement. The IRCA illegalized hiring of unauthorized workers, provided for legalization of unauthorized immigrant population and necessitated strengthened border enforcement. In the following decades, illegal immigration continued to grow and this was associated with defects in IRCA, job creation growth due to US economy growth during 1990s and 2000s and also due to deeply embedded migration push factors within Mexico and Central America (Meissner et al, 2013). This paper is aimed at shedding light on chief issues that face immigration enforcement in the US as well as States and local laws immigration enforcement.
There are various issues with regards to immigration enforcement in the United States. These issues include boarder security, worksite enforcement, criminal aliens, permanent admission, employment eligibility verification, temporary workers, legalization, birthright citizenship, noncitizen eligibility for federal benefits and the role played by local and state law enforcement when it comes to enforcing immigration laws.
Border enforcement is one of the main issues regarding immigration enforcement. It entails a road sweep of geographies, responsibilities, as well as activities involving nation’s air, sea and land entry and also admission processes. The US Government has heavily funded and publicized enforcement along the southwest border where US borders Mexico. This enforcement has therefore been considered as the most prominent pillar of the system of immigration enforcement. CBP has been allocated historic resource for border enforcement. The resources include staffing and especially for Border Patrol where the number of staffs has gone up double fold for a period of seven years from 2005 to 2012 to 21,370 agents. A lot o funding has also been chann...
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