The Natural Satellite: People Return To The Moon (Research Paper Sample)
Return to the Moon
Table of Contents TOC \o "1-3" \h \z \u 1.0 Introduction PAGEREF _Toc10228647 \h 32.0 What We Already About the Moon PAGEREF _Toc10228648 \h 43.0 Should We Return to the Moon? PAGEREF _Toc10228649 \h 64.0 Conclusion PAGEREF _Toc10228650 \h 7References PAGEREF _Toc10228651 \h 8
Return to the Moon
There is an exceptional historical connection between the moon and humanity even before related explorations. As a start, the moon is the only natural satellite to the Earth and is the easiest celestial, brightest and largest object that human beings can find in the night sky. According to National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Earth’s moon is the fifth largest of the approximately 190 moons that are well positioned in the solar system. People merely to this natural satellite as the “the Moon” because they were oblivious of the existence of other moons up to until 1610 when Galileo Galilei made a significant milestone in the discovery of four other moons (NASA, 2019).
The moon’s surface comprises of mainly craters that are because of the impact between its surface and meteorites that are usually at high velocity. They range from simple crates of 10 to 20 kilometers (km) in diameter to multi-ringed basins with diameters of over several hundred kilometers. Secondary craters formed by the ejecta from the primary ones are also common (Parkes & Martin, 2000). Surface temperatures in these areas is extremely low and thus, the formation of water ice is a frequent occurrence. The extreme temperatures come about as the heavenly body tilt its rotation axes with respect to the ecliptic, which results in topographic depressions in its polar zones. As a result its surface is permanently shadowed from sunlight which means that its temperatures remain significantly low (Li et al., 2018).
Although there are various theories in response how the moon was formed, the most profound indicates that the moon was a result in a great impact that disintegrated raw materials off the primitive molten Earth and consequently, into orbit. Subsequent studies as late as in the 21st Century indicates that there could truth in this theory, as the elements such as tungsten-182 are evident in the two places. The study of the moon has been borne out of curiosity by humankind but in essence, the Earth and Moon are ‘close friends.’ Moreover, to some extent that whatever has happened on the moon has also happened on Earth is relatively true. The Moon has some of the ancient surfaces are in the Moon while the same could not be said of Earth which has been subject to plate tectonics and not palatable any more. The subsequent discussion offers an in-depth insight on the information on the Moon and the compelling reasons as to why human beings should return to the moon.
2.0 What We Already About the Moon
Space exploration has always been a fascinating event for the human race. The race to the moon was a cold war, which was an aftermath of the Second World War. The world’s greatest economies then, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and the United States of America (USA) were keen to dominate space explorations and as a prove to the world wanted to land the first man to the Moon. The USSR was the first to launch an unmanned spacecraft, the Luna 1 in January 1959 (NASA, 2019). The once-distant dream was becoming a possibility with the launch of other robotic probes which culminated by the launch of the Luna 3 in the same year.
The progress made by the USSR elevated the USA to second place, which was an unpleasant situation for the USA and its citizens. In 1961, John F. Kennedy mobilized resources particularly financi...
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