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Essay Available:
Pages:
4 pages/≈1100 words
Sources:
5 Sources
Level:
APA
Subject:
Health, Medicine, Nursing
Type:
Research Paper
Language:
English (U.S.)
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MS Word
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Topic:

Shigellosis Outbreak in Travis County (Research Paper Sample)

Instructions:

please use this websites to get some info and stats on the local outbreak in 2016:
-http://outbreaknewstoday(dot)com/shigella-infections-prompt-health-advisory-in-austin-63470/
-http://www(dot)austintexas(dot)gov/department/epidemiology-and-disease-surveillance
and use the following instructions:
Epidemiologic surveillance is used in public and global health. For this Assignment, begin by locating a recent article about an outbreak of an infectious or communicable disease. The article can come from a newspaper or other source but your paper must be supported with at least three scholarly sources of evidence in the literature which may include your text or course readings.
For this Assignment, review the following:
AWE Checklist (Level 4000)
Walden paper template (no abstract or running head required)
The Week 3 Assignment Rubric
By Day 7 of Week 3
Write a 3- to 4-page paper that includes the following:
A summary of the article, including the title and author
Identify the title of the article with in-text citation and corresponding reference in reference list
The relationship among causal agents, susceptible persons, and environmental factors (epidemiological triangle)
The role of the nurse in addressing the outbreak
Possible health promotion/health protection strategies that could have been implemented by nurses to mitigate the outbreak
Prior to submission, refer to the Week 3 Assignment Rubric.
you may also use additional resources from the following:
Holtz, C. (2017). Global health care: Issues and policies (3rd ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett.
Chapter 9, “Infectious Diseases from a Global Perspective” (pp. 229-254)
Chapter 13, “Global Perspectives on Violence, Injury, and Occupational Health” (pp. 347-378)
Chapter 7, “Global Perspectives on Mental Health” (pp. 173-196)
Stanhope, M., & Lancaster, J. (2016). Public health nursing: Population-centered health care in the community (9th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier.
Chapter 13, “Infectious Disease Prevention and Control” (pp. 286–318)
Public Health Nursing: Population-Centered Health Care in the Community, 9th Ed. by Stanhope, M., & Lancaster, J. Copyright 2015 by Elsevier Health Science Books. Reprinted by permission of Elsevier Health Science Books via the Copyright Clearance Center.
Stanhope, M., & Lancaster, J. (2016). Public health nursing: Population-centered health care in the community (9th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier.
Chapter 12, “Epidemiology” (pp. 256–285)
Public Health Nursing: Population-Centered Health Care in the Community, 9th Ed. by Stanhope, M., & Lancaster, J. Copyright 2015 by Elsevier Health Science Books. Reprinted by permission of Elsevier Health Science Books via the Copyright Clearance Center.
Stanhope, M., & Lancaster, J. (2016). Public health nursing: Population-centered health care in the community (9th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier.
Chapter 24, “Public Health Surveillance and Outbreak Investigation” (pp. 529–544)
Public Health Nursing: Population-Centered Health Care in the Community, 9th Ed. by Stanhope, M., & Lancaster, J. Copyright 2015 by Elsevier Health Science Books. Reprinted by permission of Elsevier Health Science Books via the Copyright Clearance Center.
HealthyPeople.gov. (2016). Global health. Retrieved from https://www(dot)healthypeople(dot)gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/global-health

source..
Content:


Shigellosis Outbreak in Travis County
Name of Student
Institution Affiliation
Shigellosis Outbreak in Travis County
The 2016 outbreak article by outbreaknewstoday.com describes the outbreak of Shigella in Austin. The article, Shigella infections prompt health advisory in Austin, reported a 2016 outbreak of Shigellosis that had been caused by high Shigella bacteria levels at Bull Creek District Park (News Desk, 2016). Three cases of Shigellosis had been reported to the Austin/Travis County Health and Human Services Department, prompting the health officials to conduct further analysis. As a result, the health officials warned against swimming of coming into contact with the contaminated water at Bull Creek District Park (News Desk, 2016). The article further reports that infectious disease lasts for four to seven days and the victims develop diarrhea. Apart from diarrhea, a person suffering from Shigella experiences fever and stomach cramps (News Desk, 2016). When a person swallows or gets into contact with the Shigella bacteria, the illness develops within one and three days, and the symptoms manifest.
Shigellosis outbreak is not new in Travis country. The Austin Public Health recorded 2023 cases of the infection between 2008 and 2017 (Austin Public Health, 2018). The number of recorded cases differed every year with 2015 recording the highest cases of 435 cases and 2013 reported 35 cases as the yeast infections within the period.
Source:   Austin Public Health (2018)
   
According to the report by the Austin Public Health (2018), the majority of infections (61 percent) occurred to children below the age of 10 years. Additionally, 54 percent of the infections were reported by females, indicating a higher infection rate among the females. No deaths were reported following the infections, although 231 infected people were hospitalized between 2008 and 2017. The Austin Public Health (2018) report indicates that although the infection is prevalent among children, the reported cases indicated an age range of patients to be between 1 to 85 years.
Source:   Austin Public Health (2018)
Source:   Austin Public Health (2018)
Factors influencing shigellosis epidemiology
* The causal agents: Shigella species
The different species of Shigella bacteria influence Shigella epidemiology. These species include S flexneri, S sonnei, S dysenteriae, and S boydii. According to Kotloff, Riddle, Platts-Mills, Pavlinac & Zaidi ( 2018), S flexneri Shigella species is the leading cause of endemic shigellosis in developing countries contributing to almost 75 percent of all shigellosis infections. S sonnei Shigella species is the second most prevalent bacteria species type in developing countries accounting to up to a quarter of reported infection cases. S sonnei Shigella species is the leading species type contributing to the majority of infections in high-income countries (Kotloff, Riddle, Platts-Mills, Pavlinac & Zaidi, 2018). S sonnei species dominance in a population is proportional to the economic development within the population.
*  Environmental Factors:  Reservoirs And Transmission
Humans are the only natural host for Shigella bacteria. The predominant mode of transmission between one infected person to other people is through fecal-oral contact. Poor sanitation and unhygienic conditions are favorable for the transmission of shigellosis between people. Kotloff, Riddle, Platts-Mills, Pavlinac & Zaidi (2018) note that poor sanitation and unhygienic conditions exposed to young children at childcare and school facilities con

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