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Cognitive Development Of “Learning Theory” (Research Paper Sample)


This is the second extensive Research Paper about Learning Theory.
Research papers on learning theory, at least six (7) references are expected, include the reference page.
This research paper meet the course objectives 1-3 listed below :
1. Distinguish between different theories of learning.
2. Critically evaluate each learning theory by examining the positive and negative aspects associated with each theory.
3. Create assessments that are aligned with the content, content delivery, and the theoretical framework upon which the content delivery was based.

It is expected that the paper is complete with references listed on a Works Cited page papers are expected to be typed, double-spaced, 12-point font, APA style. To meet college-level writing expectations, it is recommended that the student review APA style and format either from online resources or from obtaining as a resource the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th or current edition). 


Second Research Paper about “Learning Theory”
Second Research Paper about “Learning Theory”
Learning is a continuous process that happens through a person`s life. From the time one is born until maturity, learning still goes on and usually influenced by different factors either intellectually, culturally, environmentally and even socially. Different theories have been used to explain how each of these factors affects the learner. In this regard cognitive development theory, Skinner`s theory of operant conditioning and social context theories will be explored.
Cognitive Development Theory
This theory is based on human intelligence, particularly its nature and how it develops. It also explores knowledge, its acquisition, construction, and use. The theory came into play between the years 1896-1980 through its creator Jean Piaget, a developmental psychologist. He referred to this intellectual development in human beings as cognitive development. According to him, as people continue to mature biologically and interact with different experiences within their environments, this intellectual development continues to happen in a progressive manner (McLeod 2014). The thought process in people is constructed during the transition from childhood to adulthood in such a way that makes it easier to remember things, solve problems, and even make decisions. The theory further postulates that from the time of birth active learning begins in children using information from their immediate surroundings that are then gathered, sorted and processed. From this information, perceptions are developed together with the skills that enable one to think. The whole process has several parts to it, which include the development of language, intelligence, processing of information, the ability to reason and memory.
According to Piaget`s theory, schemas were the basis upon which the knowledge in a child was built, whereby new experiences were better understood by relying on the accumulated knowledge about the experiences of the past. The processes of assimilation and accommodation further aid this. Assimilation simply entails the process of how newly found information is perceived and adapted to by people. Usually, in an effort to make sense of the new information, the information learned in the past is used as a source of reference, which makes up the assimilation process. Accommodation, on the other hand, works in the opposite manner whereby pre-existing knowledge or schema is altered in such a way that it fits any new information humans come across. The two processes of assimilation and accommodation are not independent of each other and thus they are both needed to ensure that there is an equilibrium in the cognitive development process in humans.
Cognitive development has four stages to that describe how the thought process in humans develops from an early stage until later in life. The four are sensorimotor or infancy stage, pre-operational stage, concrete operational stage, and the formal operational stage. The first stage of sensorimotor takes place from the time a child is born until when they acquire language. During this stage, infants show their intelligence through physical interactions where they can hold, suck or step on objects and in the process, they gain a little understanding of the world. Also, this intelligence is shown through experiences such as seeing and hearing and then connecting these experiences with the real interaction with the objects. The memory then develops at around seven months after a continued interaction with these objects and these intellectual abilities only get better as the child learns how to move from place to place. The stage ends with the acquisition of language where symbols are use...

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