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Ocean Desertification: Climate Change & Ocean Pollution (Research Paper Sample)


Global Societal Problem, Argument and Solution
Prepare: The topic of your essay needs to be a global societal problem from the following list: adult illiteracy, funding for General Education vs STEM in primary and secondary schools, minimum wage, oceans desertification, overcoming the digital divide, refugee (escaping persecution, war, or death) crises, species extinctions (modern), tax havens, Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP), universal statement of human rights (pick one), airport security, or wealth disparity. Review this GEN499 Sample Final Paper Guide for additional guidance on the expectations of this assignment.
Reflect: Based on the topic that you have chosen, you will need to use critical thinking skills to thoroughly understand how this topic can be a global societal problem and determine some logical solution(s) to the problem.
Write: This Final Argumentative Essay will present research relating the critical thinker to the modern, globalized world. In this assignment, you need to address the following items in separate sections with new headings for each:
Identify the global societal problem within the introductory paragraph and conclude with a thesis statement that states your proposed solution(s) to the problem. For guidance on how to construct a good introduction paragraph, please review the Introduction Paragraph Guideline from the Ashford Writing Centerю
Describe background information on how that problem developed or came into existence. Show why this is a societal problem, and provide perspectives from multiple disciplines or populations so that you fully represent what different parts of society have to say about this issue.
Construct an argument supporting your proposed solution(s). Be sure to consider multiple disciplines or populations so that your solution shows that multiple parts of society will benefit from this solution. Provide evidence from multiple scholarly sources as evidence that your proposed solution is viable.
Interpret statistical data from at least three, peer-reviewed scholarly sources. Do this by discussing the validity, reliability, and any biases; identifying the strengths and weaknesses of these sources; and pointing out limitations of current research and attempting to indicate areas for future research. You may even use visual representations such as graphs or charts to explain statistics from sources. Evaluate the ethical outcomes that result from your solution. Be sure to provide at least one positive ethical outcome as well as at least one negative ethical outcome that could result from your solution, and explain at least two ethical issues related to each of those outcomes. It's important to consider all of society.
Develop a conclusion as the last paragraph(s) of the essay, starting with rephrasing your thesis statement and then presenting the major points of the topic and how they support your argument. For guidance on how to write a good conclusion paragraph, please review the Conclusion Paragraph Guideline


Ocean desertification
Ocean desertification
(Merriam Webster, 2018) dictionary defines desertification as ‘the process of becoming desert (as from land mismanagement or climate change).' This phenomenon is caused by human activities which threaten the sustainability of mother nature. Typically, most people associate desertification with the growth of deserts and expansion of arid and semi-arid areas where water becomes scarce. However, ocean desertification is a new concept that describes how human activities have adversely affected marine life. Ocean desertification is, therefore, the loss of marine life due to human activities in seas and oceans. As human activities in oceans and on land intensifies, their direct and indirect effects lead to lower oxygen levels in oceans, less light penetration leads to the death of marine life. The marine ecosystem is affected by these factors and over time they die, migrate or become extinct. In the long run, humans will be affected by ocean desertification because it is an important source of our food and supports other industries like cement manufacturing and marine tourism. It is therefore important to come up with innovative solutions and institute stringent policies focused on protecting marine life as our survival partly depends on its sustainability. Human activities cause oceans desertification, and it is preventable.
Climate change
Climate change is the inevitable fate of our planet caused by unsustainable human practices. It has been accelerated by the industrial revolution and human population increase in the last century. Today, oceans are rising due to increased temperatures experienced on the planet. The ozone layer is continuously being depleted, and a carbon dioxide blanket has formed over our atmosphere which reflects terrestrial radiation back. 2015 was the hottest year recorded in history which shows how human activities have destroyed the planet CITATION Nat16 \l 1033 (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 2016). Due to the increased temperatures, polar ice caps have started melting and adding to the ocean water. Ice caps on mountains across the world have also significantly reduced due to the increased temperatures experienced around the world. Human activities continue to make the planet inhabitable due to heat, and the oceans have started rising significantly. Rising oceans prevent good sunlight penetration to the ocean floor to support marine life. Therefore, millennia-old corals are dying due to lack of sunlight and most other plant species which carry out photosynthesis on the ocean floor. This leads to reduced oxygen levels and food scarcity for marine life which are an integral part of this ecosystem.
Ocean pollution
More indecomposable human waste is continuously being dumped in oceans. Today there are thousands of tons of plastic wastes which is floating on the oceans obscuring sunlight penetrations to the depths of the oceans. Oil spills have also become prevalent due to increased human activities on the oceans and more chemicals from industries all over the world find their way to the oceans. Carbon dioxide which has increased steadily in the past century causes acid rains which find its way into the ocean hence altering the standard PH value for sustainability of marine life. These effects have a direct impact on marine biology and have adversely affected the ecology in its most prevalent areas. Marine life and vegetation are sensitive to changes in biogeochemical differences and most of these factors lead to the extinction of some crucial marine species which help balance and sustain marine ecosystem. Some animals such as sea urchins have been found to have reduced fertilization success due to fe...

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