Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) (Essay Sample)
Abnormal Psychology and Treatment Paper
This is your final paper and assignment for this class! CONGRATULATIONS!!!! YOU MADE IT TO THE END! During this unit we are exploring different mental health diagnosis and abnormal behaviors. For this paper you will be asked to dig a bit deeper into one of the disorders below.
Choose one of the following disorders:
Generalized anxiety disorder
Major depressive disorder
Dissociative identity disorder
Borderline personality disorder
Research of the disorder, including symptoms, incidence, causes, risk factors, prevention, history of diagnosing the disorder, history of treating it, and what treatments are used most often today.
PAPER IS DUE ON August 14th (paper submission) and is worth 100 points!
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
GAD is defined as excessive, unrealistic, and uncontrollable worry about daily life situations.
The symptoms of the disorder may vary, but according to Labbate et al., one of the main symptoms is persistent anxiety and worrying that occur almost every day for six months or more (163). This is accompanied by at least three specific anxiety symptoms such as difficulty in concentrating, being easily fatigued, muscle tension, restlessness, and sleep disturbance. Other symptoms for the disorder include indecisiveness, perceiving events and situations as threatening, and overthinking plans. Labbate et al. also point out that for the diagnosis of the disorder, the symptoms must cause substantial psychosocial impairment and distress and cannot be due to another mental disorder.
The cause of the disorder is unknown; however, just like many other psychiatric conditions, GAD may arise from the interaction of environmental and biological factors. These factors include development and personality, genetics, differences in brain function and chemistry, and differences in threats perception (Mayo Clinic).
According to the Mayo Clinic, women are more likely to be diagnosed with GAD compared to men. Other risk factors for the disorder include genetics, personality, and experiences. A third of the risk of experiencing GAD is genetic. In regards to personality, individuals that tend to avoid anything dangerous are associated with the disorder. History of emotional or physical trauma may also increase the risk.
While there is no particular way to predict what will cause GAD in an individual, there are steps that can be taken
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