Assignment 1: Early Onset Schizophrenia (Essay Sample)
Assignment 1: Early Onset Schizophrenia
Children and adolescents with schizophrenia have more difficulty functioning in academic or work settings, and significant impairment usually persists into adulthood. They may have speech or language disorders and in some cases borderline intellectual functioning. These individuals are more likely to complete suicide attempts or die from other accidental causes. Schizophrenia is characterized by positive and negative symptoms. Positive symptoms include hallucinations, delusions, and behavior disturbance. Negative symptoms include blunted affect and attention, apathy, and lack of motivation and social interest.
In this Assignment, you compare treatment plans for adults diagnosed with schizophrenia with treatment plans for children and adolescents diagnosed with schizophrenia. You also consider the legal and ethical issues involved in medicating children diagnosed with schizophrenia.
Compare evidence-based treatment plans for adults versus children and adolescents diagnosed with schizophrenia
Analyze legal and ethical issues surrounding the forceful administration of medication to children diagnosed with schizophrenia
Analyze the role of the PMHNP in addressing issues related to the forceful administration of medication to children diagnosed with schizophrenia
To Prepare for this Assignment:
Review the Learning Resources concerning early-onset schizophrenia.
The Assignment (2 pages):
Compare at least two evidence-based treatment plans for adults diagnosed with schizophrenia with evidence-based treatment plans for children and adolescents diagnosed with schizophrenia.
Explain the legal and ethical issues involved with forcing children diagnosed with schizophrenia to take medication for the disorder and how a PMHNP may address those issues.
Note: The School of Nursing requires that all papers submitted include a title page, introduction, summary, and references.
Early Onset Schizophrenia
Early Onset Schizophrenia
Very early-onset schizophrenia is identified by delusions, cognitive impairment, and hallucinations in children below the age of 13 years. Early-onset schizophrenia affects adolescents 12-18 years old while adult-onset schizophrenia affects people above 18 years old (Thomas 2017). Schizophrenia undergoes three phases: the prodromal phase, active phase, and residual phase. The actual cause of schizophrenia is unknown though research suggests that a combination of environmental, physical, genetic and psychological factors can cause a person to develop this condition. If left untreated, it causes immense emotional, behavioral and physical problems that affect the victim’s whole life. It may also cause depression.
Evidence-based treatment for adults
Under this treatment, seizures are induced electrically in patients to relieve them from mental disorders. This treatment has been effective when used to treat adults suffering from schizophrenia than treating children and adolescents.
It aims at modifying the patient’s emotional state and behavior with the social environment. Family interventions, cognitive remediation, cognitive behavioral therapy, and social skill training have been effective for adults with schizophrenia and may also work on children and adolescents.
Evidence-based treatment for children and adolescent
This medication is considered to be the first-line treatment for patients with Schizophrenia. Research shows that administering this treatment on children and adolescents has been more effective than on adults (Vourdas & Frangou, 2003). It results in significant improveme
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