Wittgenstein And Nietzsche On The Nature Of Truth (Term Paper Sample)
Final paper guidelines
Chose one topic from the list below and write a 1500-word essay, approximately six pages (no more than eight, please!), excluding the title page and bibliography. Your essays should be double spaced and spelled checked. Your essay should also include at least five secondary sources (but no more than ten), properly referenced using, for instance, the MLA format for both in-text references as well as your bibliography. All pages should be numbered, except the title page.
State your thesis clearly in your introductory paragraph; your introduction should make it clear what your essay is about, what is your overall argument and how you are going to defend it.
The rest of you essay should develop the main elements/points/claims of your thesis, in paragraphs! – use paragraphs to develop and separate your ideas/claims (regardless of the fact that they are all connected/related in the larger scope of the main thesis).
If you can, try to anticipate possible objections to your argument and try to address them/refute them.
All this should lead to a conclusion which solidifies your claim/aim stated in the introduction. Do not introduce new ideas in this final section of your paper.
Once you've chosen the topic, narrow it down to a specific thesis you want to work on. I encourage you to get me involved in this process as I can help you focus your thesis and present your argument in the best way. For instance, taking the topic six – Creativity, art, and the meaning of life – I could write an essay entitled Richard Taylor and the Limits of Creativity. The essay would argue that, even though Taylor's approach to meaningfulness based on the notion of creativity offers a rather satisfying naturalistic account of the source of meaning in life, his notion of creativity itself, on which the account rests, is nevertheless entirely deprived of relevant content and sufficiently vague to render his account trivial. (This is only an example).
If you wish to write on a topic that is not on the list, you must get in touch with me to have your topic and your thesis approved (but keep in mind that it still has to relate to the ideas or authors we have been dealing with in class).
Your essay is due at the end of the examination period, December 22, 2017, at the philosophy department, no later than 4:30 pm. Essays can be dropped off in the essay box located next to the seminar room at the philosophy department at any time during the day. At the end of the day all essays will be collected and date/time stamped. You are also welcomed to submit your essay at any time before the due date, if you wish to do so.
1. Wittgenstein and Nietzsche on the nature of truth.
2. The relationship between truth and meaning of life
3. The relationship between ‘interpretation', the Overman and the active nihilism in Nietzsche's thinking?
4. Taking a philosophical point of view, discuss and evaluate the theistic approach to the question of the meaning of life.
5. Death and the meaning of life, from the philosophical perspective.
6. Creativity, art and the meaning of life
7. Eternal recurrence and the meaning of life
8. Wittgenstein's ‘mysticism'
9. Taking Nietzsche's perspective, evaluate Tolstoy's answer to the question of meaning of life.
10. Morality in a Godless universe.
11. Existentialism, humanism and the notion of radical freedom.
12. The role of asceticism in valuations of life's meaning.
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December 23, 2017
Ludwig Wittgenstein is perhaps one of the most famous philosophers of the late 20th century. Despite being deemed as eccentric and controversial during his time, his works have then garnered the attention of most readers until now, as his very ideas are presented with an “allure of mysticism” within them. This could particularly be exemplified by one of his most well-quoted saying, “The limits of my language mean the limits of my world”. This line states that individuals’ are limited with their linguistic capabilities, suggesting that our imagination transcends further than what we can comprehend and/or express. In line with this, I would like to contest that the main reason as to why many people don’t understand Wittgenstein’s works is because they view it through a “prosaic perspective” shaped by their performance of everyday routine, whereas Wittgenstein’s ideas hinge on the “mystic itself”. Specifically, most people during his time have tried to interpret his works based on the rules of grammar and syntax, whereas the purpose of his works is to enable us to overcome these barriers. Nevertheless, it must also be noted that Wittgenstein did not only prompted us to be inclined in mysticism through his writings, rather he fully embraced this notion in his life creating an aura of mysticism around his works. To further this thought the succeeding sections of this paper would be dedicated to a literary analysis of some of his works in conjunction with a case analysis of his own life.
Life, Works, and the Realm of the Mystic
As stated earlier, it was only recently that Wittgenstein has gained tremendous traction amongst both scholars and laymen alike. During his time, instead of praise and adoration, the publication of his very first book (the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus) has been filled with doubts, misconceptions as well as negative criticisms from his fellow scholars. For other philosophers during his time, the arguments that he posts are simply very “unfounded” relative to traditional logical narratives. However, despite these criticisms, Wittgenstein didn’t secede from his techniques and continued to devote more time instead. When asked about what his writings are all about, Wittgenstein also always chose to stay silent and let his readers guess the very nature of his writings. At times, he would even say that “at the core of all well-founded belief lies belief that is unfounded”, to answer the persistent questions thrown at him regarding his writings. It would only be in the coming decades when people would understand the very importance of what he was doing, which is enabling the imaginations of the readers to interpret and fill the gaps that existed in his works.
However, one of the most common misconceptions is that Wittgenstein was only ‘mystic’ in terms of his own writings. Rather, upon a closer analysis of his life, one could easily see that our scholar have fully imbibed the idea of mysticism by choosing to lessen his focus on spoken words, and shift it towards awakening those ideas and thoughts which are “cannot or should not be spoken” – the idea of the ineffability. To put this into context, we could see this example in his posthumous reaction to Frazer’s book, entitled The Golden Bough. In the late 20th century times, Frazer’s book has espoused a lot of praises from the Anthropological community for its dedication towards understanding “primitive people”. However, it was Wittgenstein who contested that in spite of Frazer’s idea...
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