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The Obesity Epidemic (Term Paper Sample)

Student will choose a topic of interest in the domain of Health Care Ethics. For the purposes of this paper, it is advised that students choose a topic that has been the cause of an ongoing debate. Using the resources from the NSU Electronic Library (all academic resources, no websites such as, etc) and class resources , the student will develop a 10 page paper presenting the history of the topic, in depth description of the problems arising within the topic, arguments pro and cons, current state of the debate, and will conclude with a personal informed opinion. A minimum of 10 sources must be used for this paper, regardless of page #'s written. Use APA style writing standards for composition and references. Double-spaced. Use a word processor and be sure to save the paper in MICROSOFT WORD. There are three basic assumptions that should be met for the successful completion of a good paper. First, the student must possess the intellectual ability, curiosity and investment in the topic. If you do not choose a topic that interest you, you will find yourself getting disheartened and bored and the quality of your paper will suffer. Second, resources should be available for completing your paper. Use the NSU electronic library, and other internet resources. Third, the topic should be relevant to the field of health care ethics. Guidelines for Paper The written paper is to be prepared in accordance with the following guidelines: 1. Components: The paper should contain all of the following components: i. title, ii. author, iii. introduction, v. brief analysis of the current literature, vii. discussion, x. and bibliographic references. Manuscript Preparation: The manuscript shall be typewritten double-spaced with 1" margins on all four sides. The pages are to be numbered consecutively, beginning with the first page of text. The font for the type should be no larger than 12 point and in Times New Roman font style. References: Students are responsible for the accuracy and completeness of references. Academic Honesty: The professor will assume that all work will be that of the student's, and students will properly acknowledge the thoughts and words of another if used in any reports. Plagiarism is defined as an “act of stealing (i.e., ideas and/or writings) from another and passing them off as one's own is the act of literacy theft.” I use to check all papers/assignments for plagiarism. This software checks thousands of internet sources, research paper mills (such as, etc), journal articles, etc. Make sure to always CITE your sources in APA style, and avoid using large in-text quotes. Always paraphrase in your own words and then CITE the source. Plagiarism will not be tolerated. Class Textbook: Garrett, T. M., Ballie, H. W., McGeehan, J. F.; & Garrett, R. M. (2009). Health Care Ethics, Principles, and Problems. (5th Ed.) Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. ISBN: 0132187906 source..

The Obesity Epidemic
The Obesity Epidemic
Throughout the history of mankind, chronic food shortage has been the most prevalent epidemic. The obesity epidemic currently witnessed throughout the world is only a few decades old. Food supplies increased significantly in the 19th century as a result of technological advances made in this period. Initially technological advances and increased food supplies led to in creased body size and longevity, improve public health and availability of various foods. The technological advances made from the Second World War further increased food supplies and made it easily accessible (Nestle & Jacobson, 2000). Increased food supplies combined with lower physical activity have been cited as responsible for the high prevalence of obesity. Health experts have viewed obesity as a chronic disease, which is less than a century old with well known negative side effects. The earlier scarcity of food made people to consider being fat as a sign of good health and a higher social status as evident in the medical opinion, literature, and art of that time (Nestle & Jacobson, 2000).
In the second half of the 19th century being fat was considered undesirable and unattractive, and in the 20th century, medical experts established that obesity leads to increased deaths due to chronic nephritis. Subsequent studies established that obesity led to conditions like heart disease, diabetes, and hypertension. Individuals are considered obese when their body mass index exceeds 30kgm-2 (Nestle & Jacobson, 2000).
Brief Analysis of the Current Literature
According to World Health Organization, there is an alarming increase of obese and overweight people around the world. Ironically, obesity coexists with under-nutrition whereby unbalanced diet deny the body essential minerals and vitamins, while excess in other types of nutrients cause the body to store extra nutrients in form of fat. Obesity has serious psychological and social consequences that affect people from all socioeconomic and age groups in both developing and developed nations (Nestle & Jacobson, 2000). Statistics by WHO indicate that in 1995, approximately 200 million adults were obese, with 18 million children who were under five years being classified as overweight. By 2000 the number of adults obese globally had gone beyond 300 million, with 115 million obese people living in the developing world (Nestle & Jacobson, 2000).
A recent global estimate indicated that approximately 500 million adults are obese with a body mass index that is above thirty. This figure represents approximately 14 percent of all women and 10 percent of men, and shows that the prevalence of obesity globally has doubled since 1980 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2010). The global estimates also indicated that about 1.5 billion adults are either overweight or obese with a body mass index of 25 and above....
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