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Abortion in Canada: Critical Sociological Analysis, Conclusion (Research Paper Sample)


More details please see the instruction from the Microoft Word. I chose the topic is about Abortion.
Kindly reminder:
Structure and Organization: paper should include the following components:
• Introduction • Content • Critical Sociological Analysis • Conclusion
The paper MUST include a minimum of FIVE Sociological Scholarly Sources (books, scholarly journal articles) NOT including the course textbook.
Do not triple or quadruple space between paragraphs. In doing so, you immediately signify to me that you have not met the minimum length requirements for this paper. Moreover, triple and quadruple spacing between paragraphs is improper formatting and does not meet the standards of APA Style. content. Students are required to include a FULL bibliography of all materials used in the paper.
Please note that references that are NOT scholarly sources and will NOT count in your bibliography as scholarly sources include the following: • newspaper articles (i.e., The Toronto Star, The Toronto Sun, The Globe and Mail, The National Post, etc.) • ︎ magazine articles (Maclean's, Newsweek, The Economist, etc.) • ︎ encyclopedia references (including Wikipedia) • ︎ dictionary references (including Oxford Dictionary and other dictionaries) • ︎ non-scholarly websites, blogs, etc.
3 Students should also note that government websites and statistical data are NOT scholarly sources and will NOT count as one of the five scholarly sources required for this paper. Government websites and statistical data provide information that is NOT scholarly and NOT analytical. Statistics denote a social trend but can be interpreted in numerous and contradictory ways. Statistics themselves are devoid of analysis. Simply stating a statistic does not explain or explore any critical sociological analysis. Similarly, government websites state government policy that is devoid of analysis, and usually reproduces mainstream stereotypes, assumptions and misconceptions. Critical sociological analysis provides a critique of mainstream stereotypes and assumptions.
The use of government data requires critical sociological analysis. Please note that these government websites and statistics include, but are not limited to the following: • ︎ Statistics Canada • ︎ Ministry of Immigration and Citizenship • ︎ Government of Canada website • ︎ Government of Ontario website
Students must get approval from the course instructor for any internet sources they may wish to use. Scholarly journal articles can be retrieved on-line through the Ryerson Library journal abstracts website, Sociological Abstracts. Sources acquired on-line through Sociological Abstracts do NOT require permission.
Students should also note that the research paper is a SOCIOLOGICAL paper that requires SOCIOLOGICAL analysis. Therefore, scholarly sources are required to be limited to sociological sources.
For relevance of the topic within contemporary society, use of at least three (of the five) sources from 2008 to 2018 is required.
Scholarly sources that are NOT sociological and will NOT be counted as part of your FIVE required sociological scholarly sources include: • ︎ Nursing journals and books • ︎ Medical journals and books • ︎ Economic journals and books • ︎ Business journals and books • ︎ Social work journals and books • ︎ Psychology journals and books • ︎ Social psychology journals and books • ︎ Behavioural science journals and books • ︎ Biology journals and books • ︎ Genetics journals and books
Scholarly sociological sources that are ACCEPTABLE are the following: • ︎ Race and ethnicity journals and books • ︎ Feminist and Women's Studies journals and books • ︎ Men's Studies journals and books • ︎ Queer Studies journals and books • ︎ Men and Masculinity journals and books • ︎ Sociology journals and books • ︎ Mass Communications journals and books • ︎ Criminology journals and books • ︎ Sociology of Education journals and books • ︎ Sociology of the Family journals and books • ︎ Sociology of Work and Occupations journals and books • ︎ Political science journals and books • ︎ Political economy journals and books • ︎ History journals and books


Abortion in Canada
Student’s Name
Institutional Affiliation
Abortion in Canada
Discussions surrounding abortion are always contentious and sensitive. It is considered as a public health concern not only in Canada but many parts of the globe. Looking into abortion on a wider perspective, it is worth noting that nearly one out of four people of the world’s population live in countries where abortion is criminalized, and only allowed in cases where the life of the mother carrying the child is at stake (Maguire, 2001). Even though the act is considered unethical in many parts of the world, abortion still occurs, and a higher percentage of the act is performed by unskilled people and under hazardous conditions. Abortions performed under unsafe conditions claims lots of lives, with a more significant percentage of those surviving being left with chronic health problems, some of which are irreversible. This paper tends to dig deeper into the issues surrounding abortion in Canada and try to understand the gap between pro-life followers (those people opposing abortion completely) and pro-choice followers (those who consider abortion in specific circumstances.), hence how should we organize our society towards limiting, banning or even facilitating this social issue.
Abortion is perceived to be one of the ways of controlling fertility or birth and is believed to have been practiced since ancient periods. According to Bajos, Guen, Bohet, Panjo, and Moreau (2014), there are records which are closely related to the old and present times on preconception and post conception methods, abortion being one of them. The significance of pregnancy to the society depends on quite a number of concerns, majorly relating to the age of a woman and the duration of the pregnancy. In the past, the Canadian government had banned abortion completely and whoever was caught practicing abortion acts could face life imprisonment. This criminalization of abortion changed in the year 1969, when the royal commission recommended abortion to be made legal, but only if the pregnancy is less than 12 weeks (Dryburgh, 2000).
In today’s society, people possess divergent views on social issues such as abortion. Abortion is one of the social problems in Canada, resulting in the conflict of ideas. The conflict theory developed by Karl Marx manifests itself, where a particular class of the society exploits and oppresses the minority group. For instance, in this case, two groups of people with different perspectives on abortion exist; the pro-life and pro-choice. The pro-life class of the society is the critic of abortion and considers abortion as evil and unethical. According to Beckwith (2007), the pro-life segment equates abortion to any other social evil such as killing. They comprise the majority of the society since they receive the moral backing of religious and moral groups. The pro-life perspective brings up the debate of the unborn as a moral subject. The confusion has sparked debate as to whether the unborn child is entitled to rights as a human being (Grey & Sawer, 2008).
In the debate of the unborn child, both spheres of thinkers are in agreement that indeed a fetus is a human being, and belongs to the class in which human beings belong to, the Homo sapiens. However, the pro-choice argument is that the fetus has no reasoning ability and lacks awareness, thus not entitled to full rights (Beckwith, 2007).
According to Tooley (2009), the debate surrounding abortion and which side of the perspective is morally and ethically right seems to be anchored on three philosophical questions. First, does the unborn has a moral value? The question goes ahead to ask what values are they if indeed they have. The second question poses which factors are to be consid...

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