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Analysis Of The History Of African-American Education And Segregation (Research Paper Sample)


Write a research paper examining the history of African American education in the United States from slavery through current issues involving school choice. End by answering this question: Is segregation alive today? The textbook and YouTube videos should be cited as well as at least 4 outside references. A historical timeline in your discussion is expected. 8-9 page minimum. 


Analysis of the History of African-American Education and Segregation
Student's Name
Analysis of the History of African-American Education and Segregation
Segregation was a massive component of the Jim Crow legislation. Segregation refers to the policy of separating African Americans from White Americans. This legislation involved separating drinking foundation for black and whites, separate facilities and educational systems. Facilities that catered to the needs of African Americans were highly inferior due to lack of funding and also a lack of initiative from the white community (Anderson, 2011). In states such as Texas, zoning ordinances prevented blacks from living in some residential areas since they were developed for white Americans only.
In 1875, the Enforcement act of 1875 was passed by Radical Republican legislators to abolish Jim Crow laws. However, this act was ruled unconstitutional by the United States Supreme Court in 1883.The paper will examine the history of African American education within the United States from slavery through issues that involve school choice. This analysis will be associated with the Jim Crow laws and also evaluate on whether segregation currently exists in the society.
Analysis of the Jim Crow laws
Jim Crow ironically was a white man's imitation of a singing and dancing black stableman. This portrayal led to white performers giving this name towards a system of segregation in the Southern states of the United States (Anderson, 2011). The concept behind the Jim Crow laws was the doctrine of separate but equal. This was a legal manner to discriminate African Americans in the southern states continuously. This led to the development of two different societies in the United States. African Americans were deprived of similar conditions and also other governmental services that their white American counterparts received (Anderson, 2011). Until 1964, these legislations assisted in maintaining the gap between the races which currently have been closed down significantly.
Plessy v. Ferguson
In this case, Homer Plessy purchased a first-class train ticket towards Covington. The individual entered a passenger train and sat in a designated area that was explicitly reserved for whites. The train conductor ordered Plessy to vacate the set and seek accommodation in the reserved seats for African Americans (Instructormarks, 2014). When Plessy refused to vacate the seat, he was forcibly ejected from the coach by a police offer and imprisoned. His stay in jail was brief and later arraigned in the local court.
The Plessy Versus Ferguson case which occurred in 1896 was a significant decision of the United States Supreme Court. The Supreme Court upheld the importance of racial segregation laws in the Constitution especially for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in term of quality and this was an essential doctrine that was eventually known as separate but not equal (Instructormarks, 2014). This doctrine legitimatized numerous state laws and led to the re-establishment of racial segregation that was passed in the American South towards the end of the nineteenth century. This decision was handed down by a vote of seven to one.
This can be considered as one of the most disastrous decisions in the history of the United States Supreme Court. Despite their ruling, the decision was never wholly overruled. However, later decisions which began with Brown Versus the Board of Education in 1954 severely weakened this doctrine of separate but not equal to the point that it is typically considered to have been overruled. In Brown Versus the Board of Education case, the Supreme Court made a ruling that the Plessy doctrine of separate but not equ...

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