Philosophy. Topic 1 Touches on compatibilism. Social Sciences Essay (Essay Sample)
Instruction: Please choose one of the topics below and write a short paper (between 1,000-1,500 words.) Your paper should be typed, doubled-spaced, with 1” margins, and 12 point TimesNew Roman font. Include a word count. Use simple language. You should write your paper sothat your grandmother could understand it. Do not use outside sources. Do not put your name onyour paper. Please use your SU ID# instead. You should address each of the following. Yourpaper will be due on Nov 30, at 3:00pm.
Free Will and Determinism
Read the following argument and choose of the topics below. The argument against free willgoes like this:
1) If determinism is true, we have no free will.
2) If indeterminism is true, we have no free will.
3) Either determinism is true, or indeterminism is true.4) Therefore, we have no free will.
I. Hobart is a compatibilism. Which premise in the above argument would he attack? Explain hisposition and his reason for rejecting the premise. Make Hobart’s position as persuasive as youcan.
II. What is the Before Birth Argument, and how does it fit into this debate? Make the argumentas persuasive as you can. (Note: You shouldn’t present the argument as I write on the slide.EXPLAIN IT!)
III. What do you think about Hobart’s view? (That is, either defend or attack Hobart’s view.)Topic 2:
I. Which premise in the above argument would libertarians attack? Explain the libertarianposition and his reason for rejecting the premise. Make the libertarian position as persuasive asyou can.
II. The most serious problem libertarianism faces is randomness. Why does randomness becomea problem? Explain the problem as carefully as you can. (Note: That means, you shouldn’tpresent the argument as I write on the slide. EXPLAIN IT!)
III. What is the Libet experiment? How does it become an objection to libertarianism? Explain itin detail as you can. (Note: That means, you shouldn’t present the argument as I write on theslide. EXPLAIN IT!)
IV. Defend libertarianism by raising problems in the Libet experiment. (Note: there are a lot ofdiscussions about the Libet experiment on the internet you can easily find. However, DO NOTPLAGIARIZE! I will fail you and report to the academic integrity department if I find youplagiarize!)
Arguments for God’s Existence
I. Explain in your own words the teleological argument from fine-tuning. (Note: That means, youshouldn’t present the argument as I write on the slide. EXPLAIN IT!)II. What is the anthropic response to the teleological argument from fine-tuning? How does themultiverse theory come into play? Explain in your own words the objection as persuasive as youcan. (Note: Don’t copy what I said on the slides. Use your own words.)
III. What do you think about the teleological argument? If you think it is successful, defend it byreplying to the anthropic objection and the multiverse theory. If you also think the teleologicalargument fails, raise another different objection to it.Topic 4:I. Explain in your own words Anselm’s ontological argument. (Note: That means, you shouldn’tpresent the argument as I write on the slide. EXPLAIN IT!)II. People like Gaunilo argue against Anselm, claiming that the argument proves too much. Whatexactly is his worry? Explain it in your own words as carefully as you can. (Note: Don’t copywhat I said on the slides. Use your own words.)III. What do you think about the ontological argument? If you think it is successful, defend it byreplying to Gaunilo’s worry. If you think the ontological argument fails, raise another differentobjection to it.
Philosophy: Topic 1
The argument on free will is one that has existed for centuries. Philosophies have studied human behaviour, cultures, and societal conventions to identify if we indeed have free will. Perhaps the world’s leading nation in free will is the United States (U.S.). This is a country where people have the freedom to do what they want as long as it does not harm others or goes against the law. The freedom that Americans have is what makes most of the other countries appear as non-free states. However, free will is more than governance and a country’s way of life. It is the choices we make on a day-to-day basis. This paper seeks to explore the idea of free will by analyzing topic 1.
Topic 1 touches on compatibilism. Compatibilism is a theory of philosophy, which suggests that determinism and free will are compatible. On the one hand, determinism refers to the predetermined societal conventions. For instance, what we know as being right and wrong. On the other hand, free will is the freedom to do anything.
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