5 pages/≈1375 words
Theories of Personality (Essay Sample)
In this assignment it is expected that you demonstrate not only your knowledge of the factual material, but also your understanding of the basic concepts. A mere statement of facts is insufficient. Each answer should be succinct but expansive enough to demonstrate your integration of the material. It is further expected that you support your answer with information from the text and that appropriate citations be included in the text of your paper. Choose three of the following questions to respond to and identify in your paper the ones you selected by including them as subheadings. Part 1: What are the similarities and differences between Rogers' and Maslow's interpretation of "self actualization?" Part 2: Explain the role of "self-concept" in Rogers' theory of personality. Part 3: What is the relation betweeen Kelly's "personal constructs" and personality? Part 4: What is the "self schema" in cognitive psychology and how does it relate to personality? Part 5: How does cognitive psychology explain how cognitions influence behavior? All written assignments must include 1200 words, a list of references or works cited and page citations that document your perspective, interpretation and main ideas related to the information in a course text or reading assignment and other sources that you identify such as print and online publications.Use the APA citation method. source..
Theories of Personality
Theories of Personality
Similarities and Differences between Rogers' and Maslow's Interpretation of "Self Actualization"
There are similarities and differences between Rogers’ and Maslow’s views concerning the concept of self-actualization. In terms of similarities, both Maslow’s and Rogers’s concepts of self-actualization belong to a school of thought normally referred to as the Humanistic school of thought. This school of thought disagrees with the Freudian school of thought which tends to assume that a human being is a robot who is a product of external forces. Whereas Freudians seem to indicate that human beings are total results of the interaction between primary drives and the community demands, humanistic thinking is based on the understanding that humanity is a product of internal factors. Both Rogers and Maslow tend to believe that human beings are born with an innate ability to self-actualize. That under favorable circumstances every human being is able to achieve the status of self-actualization. It is also important to note that both Rogers and Maslow put emphasis on the importance of self-actualization. They consider it as a process of growing and development which enables an individual to achieve individual potential (Comer & Gould, 2012).
In terms of differences, Rogers argues that a human being has an underlying actualization tendency which enables him or her to develop all his or her capacities in ways that maintain and promote his or her growth. Thus Rogers’ actualization tendency can be considered as a push to experience self in a manner which is consistent with an individual’s view of self. In contrast, Maslow argues that the need for self-actualization is facilitated by the desire of becoming increasingly of what one is. In other words, Maslow suggests that one is capable of becoming whatever he or she desires to become (Baumeister & Finkel, 2010).
Maslow puts the needs of an individual in a hierarchical order. According to Maslow, when the needs at one level are fulfilled, a person would next pursue the needs which exist at a higher level. Maslow’s needs are arranged in a hierarchical version which places the basic needs at the lower level and self-actualization at the highest level. Thus there is no way one can achieve self actualization without first satisfying the basic needs. In other words, an individual will have to first develop and actualized his or her potentials before reaching the self-actualization state. In contrast, Rogers identifies the process of distinguishing the potentials existing in one’s life as self-actualization. Rogers considers this process as being constructive, prospective and self-actualization (Comer & Gould, 2012).
Rogers also says that it is important for one to receive a positive feedback from other people due to the fact that an individual normally thinks by himself or her...
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