6 pages/≈1650 words
Analysis of the Principle of Utility (Essay Sample)
I would like the same writer that wrote my most recent piece on Plato and Aristotle. Write a short critical analysis on one of the following questions. Your paper should include a brief statement of the ethical theories in question and a short response (with arguments) that either rejects or supports that position. Compare and contrast Kant and Mill\'s two very different notions of ethics. (You will want to consider the differences between consequentialism and non-consequentialism.) Explain (provide an argument) either why a modern society can embrace both or why one is a better model than the other. or What is the ‘principle of utility'? State the arguments Mill offers to defend his principle. Explain why you think these arguments are sound or not sound. To what extent would the application of his philosophy be successful in today\'s world? source..
Analysis of the Principle of Utility
Introduction to the principle of utility
The issue of moral and ethical behavior poses a great argument on what is good or bad. When defining what is right or wrong ambiguity arises and many questions are left unanswered. People have varying believes and so do great philosophers. In an attempt to solve the inherent ambiguity of what is right or wrong, mill, a great philosopher, came up with a widely used principle; principle of utility (Mill,2010). Although it has been widely opposed by some people and philosophers, a good number of people follow and believe in this principle.
The principle of utility states that all deeds are right as long as they intend to promote one’s happiness and pleasure and those that bring about pain and unhappiness are deemed as wrong. According to this principle, one’s own pleasure is paramount and all actions that promote the same are sought. Obliviously, we experience pleasure when we do things that make us happy like eating, having sex and making merry. Similarly, when we perform some intellectual activities like reading, playing, working, drawing amongst others, we experience pleasure. Although not always, we experience happiness and pleasure when doing what is right to ourselves (MacKinnon, 2011). According to mill’s principle, happiness and pleasure are the most desired outcomes in all our actions. Happiness is the only valuable, desirable and the only intrinsically good thing in our lives. Similarly, the principle focuses on desirable outcomes and satisfaction as the main intention of a good deed. Basically, the principle stresses on the end of an action.
The consequences produced by actions define what is good or evil and is solely measured by the inflicted pleasure and pain. This principle of utility tries to define happiness and pleasure as a unit of ethics and morality (Alican, 1994). This means that if an action makes you happy, then it is morally acceptable according to mill. Often, utilitarian may be heard saying good to mean happiness and bad to mean pain.
Liberty is one foundation as seen in the principle of utility. Mill believed in liberty and was against all actions that restricted people from doing what promoted good in the society. Therefore, he proposed things that promoted the general good of the society. For example, he was against people who abused and restricted women from participating in things that brought about goodness and happiness in the society.
The ancient utilitarian’s were empiricist, optimistic, progressive and most importantly, democratic. Their democracy is seen by the fact that they believed in social policy that worked for the good of all people in the society. However, if the interests of several people conflicted, the actions or policies that promoted happiness to the majority were sought.
The progressiveness of the utilitarian’s was demonstrated by their actions that que...
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