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3 pages/≈825 words
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APA
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Social Sciences
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English (U.K.)
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Spatial Planning System: The Growth of Suburbia and Sustainable Development (Essay Sample)

Instructions:
Essay Title: Discuss the key issues relating to sustainability and sustainable development, explaining how spatial planning attempts to implement these policy goals. The essay should: - Demonstrate a critical understanding of sustainability and sustainable development and how the spatial planning system attempts to address these issues; - Demonstrate an in-depth level of understanding about particular spatial planning issues in the UK drawing on a range of appropriate academic and practice based literature. - Demonstrate high quality presentation skills and clarity of thought. REFERENCES and preferred sources (at least 7 out the 14): Baker, S, Kousis M, Richardson D, and Young S, (eds) 1997 The Politics of Sustainable Development, theory, policy and practice within the EU, Routledge, London Baker S., 2006, Sustainable Development, Routledge, London Bulkeley H & Betsill M, 2004, Cities and Climate Change, Routledge, Abingdon NEW INFORMATION FOR THE ORDER HERE: Please ignore this references: Baker, S. 2008. Sustainable Development. Routledge Wheeler, S. 2004. Planning for Sustainability. Creating livable, equitable and ecological communities. Routledge Wheeler, S. and Beatley, T. 2004. The Sustainable Urban Development Reader. Routledge do not include any quote under these authors, Wheeler, and Baker!!!!! Buckingham-Hatfield S, & Percy S, (eds) 1999, Constructing Local Environmental Agendas, Routledge, London Dixon T, Raco M, Catney P & Lerner D (eds), 2007, Sustainable Brownfield Regeneration, Blackwell Publishing Dobson A, 1997 (2nd ed) Green political Thought, Routledge, London Reid, D, 1995, Sustainable Development: An Introductory Guide, Earthscan, London Selman, P, 1999 (2nd ed.) Environmental Planning, Paul Chapman, London Rogers P, Jalal K & Boyd J, 2008, An Introduction to Sustainable Development, Earthscan, London Wheeler, M, 2004, Planning for Sustainability, Routledge, Abingdon source..
Content:

Spatial Planning System: The Growth of Suburbia and Sustainable Development
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Spatial Planning System: The Growth of Suburbia and Sustainable Development
Introduction
One of the most alarming developments of the 21st century is the growth of the suburbia. High population increase is a major contributing factor for urban sprawl, which in turn contributes to the rapid depletion of the world’s resources due to its energy-intensive lifestyle. Suburbia is considered inappropriate in high-population countries because of its individualism and lack of community life. Within the suburbia system, people live further away from major towns, industrial centers and their places of work. As a result, suburbia systems depend on a vibrant infrastructure for people to commute daily to and fro work, as well as for the supply of social amenities and consumer goods. Similarly, the suburbia lifestyle uses more resources to serve less people, such as sewage, water and electricity infrastructure for single families, as compared to urban dwellings where compact residences share such facilities. With reference to suburban growth in the UK, this essay argues for the need to promote sustainable development in light of the government’s spatial planning system policies.
From minerals, land, natural gases to oil reserves and forests, human activities and increasing population continue to put pressure on these resources, most of which are nonrenewable. As Susan Hatfield and Susan Percy write in Constructing Local Environmental Agendas, “environments are becoming increasingly unsustainable - environmentally, socially and economically” (Hatfield & Percy, 1999, p. 1). The continued and uncontrolled use of natural resources will eventually lead to a resource crisis, such as the anticipated oil peak crisis. Land and energy are two of the resources of most concern in the UK: with a population of over 63 million people (2012 figures), the United Kingdom is one of the densely populated countries. Home to over 8 million residents, London is among the world’s most congested and expensive cities to live in. In 2006 it was ranked among the 10 most congested cities, the most expensive in the European Union and second in the world (Johnstone & Masters, 2006). High population increase is evident in other major cities like Bristol, Belfast, Liverpool, and Manchester.
Suburbia is a direct consequence of the 19th century industrial growth, which saw upper-class earners move to cleaner neighborhoods far away from industrial centers. Government investment in transport infrastructure enabled people to live away from their places of work, while accessing basic goods and services (Henderson, 2005). At the same time, the growth of the automobile industry gave rise to the personal car, which made it more convenient for workers to commute daily to work from far-flung residences. After the Second World War, the housing boom and the gro...
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