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Psychology: Problems associated with childhood memories (Essay Sample)
1. Discuss the problems associated with a) eyewitness accounts and also, b) childhood memories (1 points) (Please discuss both these topics, eyewitness accounts is a separate topic, and childhood memories is a separate topic.) 2. Choose either A or B. You do not have to answer both. (2 points) A. Explain how a specific phobia could be acquired through classical conditioning, being sure to identify the unconditioned stimulus, unconditioned response, conditioned stimulus, and conditioned response in your example. Also, using classical conditioning, indicate how the phobia could be eliminated. B. Define and then provide specific, every day examples (for instance, from child-rearing or from training a pet) of the following: operant-conditioning phenomena: positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, and punishment. 3. Why do people worry about dying in an airplane crash but ignore dangers that are far more likely? (Be sure to name this obstacle to critical thinking.) What can we do to overcome our cognitive biases? (1 point) III. Your thoughts about this Quiz please? Did it measure what you learned in the readings? Thanks. source..
PSYCHOLOGY Name: Grade Course: Tutor’s Name: (16, October, 2010) Psychology Problems associated with childhood memories. The biological processes that affects ones ability to make and retrieve memories include emotional, environmental and the physiological processes. However memory of an organism is entirely controlled by the brain which is the central organ of response co-ordination. Memory is also affected by cognitive processes such as perception, reasoning, and decision making. Physiologically memory is affected by fatigue, nutrition, illness and some types of medicinal products. Socially things such as group pressure also affect memory. A person’s attitude, mood, and motivation socially affect his/her memory. The difficult childhood experiences that may be caused by social adversities can continuously affect a person even in adulthood hence leading to problems in memory (American Psychological Association, 2010). Memory fixation can lead to interferences in emotions, immunity and metabolic balance hence leading to increased disease risk in adulthood. Childhood memories of either caring or abusive pa...
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