4 pages/≈1100 words
Religion & Theology
Religion and Social Development Exam (Essay Sample)
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Religion and Social Development
QUESTION NUMBER 1
Corporate globalization is intricately related to environmental destruction, poverty, forced migration and competition of scarce resources and ultimately to war. Corporate globalization is basically the neo liberal economic order that is no different from the unbridled capitalism of the classical liberal economics. The only major difference now is that corporations are now bigger than countries CITATION Way10 \l 1033 (Ellwood, 2010) and thus the plunder is more intensive and the impact is greater in scope. Keynesian economics, formerly branded as socialist, was actually implemented after World War 2 into order to put a brake on cutthroat competition that leads to national bankruptcies and eventually to World Wars CITATION Mag07 \l 1033 (Black, 2007). Keynesian economics actually gave national governments the capacity to prevent corporate competition from draining the nation`s coffers. Regulation was meant to control the tendency of prices to go up by government subsidies. Public ownership of key industries was actually meant to increase subsidized services to the people and protection through tariffs and taxation were actually meant to protect a nation`s industries from easily going bankrupt due to competition with imported goods. The role of national governments in their own economies was actually meant to control the negative impact of the capitalist system in check such as increasing social inequality and environmental destruction. With neo-liberal economic policies now in place, structural adjustment programs such as deregulation, privatization, and liberalization were implemented lessening the role of governments to protect their economy CITATION Way10 \l 1033 (Ellwood, 2010). Now there is no stopping corporations from entering national economies and destroying their resources. Big foreign mining and logging companies can now enter into ancestral lands of aboriginal peoples, displace them, take out their gold and minerals and leave them utterly ravished. Mass production which draws heavily from exploiting the environment is now on a full swing with little control and monitoring from national governments as long as investments pour in. Imported commodities sold cheaper than their local counterparts can easily put down local businesses and lead to increasing poverty and helplessness. Welfare support from the government is decreased leading to poor health services, poor education, poor hospitals, as government subsidies are drastically reduced. As poverty increases, the tendency is for people to go out and look for "greener pastures" thus competing over employment and scarce resources. In order to keep the people passive and afraid, low intensity conflict wars are implemented and human rights violations increase. Yet corporate cutthroat competition becomes increasingly vicious. Nations whose economies are in danger hav...
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