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Old Testament: Religion & Theology Essay (Essay Sample)


Review Chapters 13 and 19 in your textbook, God with Us: An Introduction to the Old Testament.
Review the following in a standard translation of the Bible:
1 and 2 Kings
Isaiah 52:13–15 and 53
Jeremiah 29–33
Write a paper addressing the following:
Describe three major sins of Israel and Judah as revealed in 1 and 2 Kings and addressed by the prophets. Provide support for your answer using properly cited references from Chapter 13 and/or 19 of your textbook. (500 words)
Briefly describe the ministries of the prophets Elisha and Jeremiah. What does each of their ministries reveal about the nature and characteristics of God? Provide support for your answer using properly cited references from Chapters 13 and 19 of your textbook. (750 words)
Helpful references for Elisha are found in 2 Kings chapters 2-13 and Chapter 13 in your textbook.
Helpful references for Jeremiah include Chapter 19 in your textbook and Jeremiah 29–33.
Isaiah 52:13–15 and Isaiah 53 have been interpreted by Christians to refer to Jesus. Use the cross-reference feature in your Bible (the small italicized letters inserted behind words or phrases) to list the New Testament references to these passages. What do these passages teach us about Jesus? (500 words)
Be sure to cite and reference your textbook where you quote or paraphrase the author’s thoughts. Cite scriptures you use in your paper. All citations should be formatted using correct APA format.
Copy the questions into the body of your paper and answer the questions in well-written paragraphs.
Your responses should demonstrate understanding (synthesis) of the material. Simple lists or sentence fragments are not acceptable.
Whenever possible, apply the principles learned to life in the twenty-first century.


Old Testament
Student's Name
Institutional Affiliation
Old Testament
Describe three major sins of Israel and Judah as revealed in 1 and 2 Kings and addressed by the prophets. Provide support for your answer using properly cited references from Chapter 13 and/or 19 of your textbook. (500 words)
The books of 1 and 2 Kings have highlighted some of the sins practiced by Israel and Judah's people. The nations' sins were mainly against their covenant with God and were practices that displeased God, resulting in Him punishing the two nations. Some of Israel and Judah's sins can be attributed to shortcomings by their kings as they failed to provide proper leadership regarding the best ways to ensure citizens followed God's wishes during their daily activities. In essence, there were some actions by Kings David, Solomon, and Jeroboam, which failed to adhere to God's commands and somehow influence their nations to commit major sins. At that time, God would send His prophets to warn Judah and Israel against sins, but that did not bear fruits.
One of the major sins highlighted by the two books was the practices of the worship of idols and false gods. In essence, King Solomon was dedicated to God's worship and even built a temple in Jerusalem to symbolize the true worship among Israelites (Lennox, 2009). God was so pleased with Solomon and even promised to extend to his dynasty. However, Solomon would later anger God by engaging in practices that promoted the worship of idols and false gods among Israelites. According to Lennox (2009), God was blessed with much wealth and decided to marry many wives. In essence, some of these women were not Israelites and came from nations that worshipped idols. As a result, they influenced Solomon to disobey God and began worshipping false gods and goddesses. He even began building statues and idols for the false gods to please his wives. His actions were essential in promoting the worship of idols among Israelites. The acts of worshipping false gods and idols among Israelites displeased God and vowed to break down the nation. Later, Jeroboam would promote idolatry in Judah by making Golden Calf idols to be worshipped. Although God would give them some of the sins, some of them led to Israel and Judah being punished and even defeated and conquered by their enemies.
Another major sin that is illustrated in the books of 1 and 2 Kings was sexual immorality among Israelites. Solomon was essential in promoting the acts of sexual immorality through marrying many wives and having hundreds of concubines (Lennox, 2009). His actions played a significant role in the spread of prostitution among Israelites. This is illustrated in the book of 1st Kings 14:24, which states, "There were even male shrine prostitutes in the land; the people engaged in all the detestably practices of the nations the Lord had driven out before the Israelites." One of the practices that God had warned Israelites was engaging in unholy practices that promoted sexual immorality.
There were also acts of unholy practices such as child sacrifice and separation between the rich and poor. In essence, human sacrifices became so prevalent in Israel and Judah, and...

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