NRNP 6650: Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner Role I (Essay Sample)
Post an explanation of the most likely DSM-5 diagnosis for the client in the case study. Be sure to link those behaviors to the criteria in the DSM-5. Then, explain group therapeutic approaches you might use with this client. Explain expected outcomes for the client based on these therapeutic approaches. Finally consider legal and ethical implications of counseling children and adolescent clients with psychiatric disorders. Support your approach with evidence-based literature.
NRNP 6650: Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner Role I:
Child and Adolescent
Case Study: I am Feeling Like I’m Going Crazy
IDENTIFICATION: The patient is a 15-year-old male of Native American descent who resides at homewith his mother and 6-year-old brother.
He is seen for the psychiatric evaluation on an inpatient crisis unit. Collateral information was obtainedfrom the patient’s mother.
CHIEF COMPLAINT: “I am feeling like I’m going crazy”
HISTORY OF CHIEF COMPLAINT: Patient reports that he intentionally cut his leg at school yesterdaybefore gym class. He realized that he would not be able to participate in class because he could notcontrol the bleeding of the cuts. He went to the nurse and she referred him to the ER for admission. TheER provider admitted him to the acute psychiatric unit as he was at risk of harming himself due tosuicidal ideation. He reports that he harmed himself by cutting as he was feeling abandoned by hisboyfriend. He states that he is not emotionally supportive. He reports that self-injurious behavior began10 months ago, and he uses a disposable razor to cut his upper arm or forearm. He reports problemswith sleep onset. He reports low self-esteem and low energy level. He endorsed a history of two priorsuicide attempts by taking a palm-full of acetaminophen; the most recent attempt was 2 months ago.He did not report his attempt denies serious adverse effects. His last suicidal ideation due to pressure ofgetting good grades and low self-esteem. He used to participate in the school band but stoppedattending rehearsals about 2 months ago because he was no longer interested.
Patient’s mother expressed frustration and difficulty understanding why the patient treats herdisrespectfully when she gives the patient everything the patient wants, such as clothing and money togo out with friends. The patient’s mother acknowledged that she works a lot and is infrequently athome, but stated that when she tries to spend time with the patient and express interest in his life, thepatient shuts her out or states that he does not have time to spend with her because she needs to finishhis homework. Patient’s mother additionally expresses confusion about why the patient behaves sodifferently than she did at that age, reporting that he was expected to be respectful and comply with hermother’s requests.
PAST PSYCHIATRIC HISTORY: No prior psychotherapy or trials of psychiatric medication.MEDICAL HISTORY: Multiple wounds noted on patient’s right upper arm, which appear to be healing. Noknown allergies. No acute or chronic medication conditions. Review of systems is negative. Patientappears to be average height and weight. He denies any recent changes in weight.
HISTORY OF DRUG OR ALCOHOL ABUSE: No alcohol use. States that he tried marijuana once 3 monthsago. Denies use of any other illicit substances.
© 2020, Walden University
FAMILY HISTORY: Patient’s parents were both born in the US. The patient was born in the United States.Patient reports that her parents got divorced when she was 5 years old. His father currently lives in LosAngeles and he has minimal contact with him. Family history of mental illness denied.Personal HistoryPerinatal: No known perinatal complications.Childhood/Adolescence: The patient attends the local private high school where he used to get goodgrades in her classes, mostly As and Bs; however, he states her grades have declined recently and she isin danger of failing several classes. He reports recent loss of close friends due to interpersonal conflict.He identifies as pansexual and is currently dating a male peer. They have been dating for the past 2months. He states that she would like to have sex with him, but he is not ready yet.TRAUMA/ABUSE HISTORY: Patient denies trauma or abuse history.Mental Status ExaminationAppearance: Good grooming and hygiene. Cooperative.Behavior and psychomotor activity: no increased or decreased psychomotor agitation. Sits quietly inchair.Consciousness: Alert.Orientation: To person, place, time.Memory: Not formally assessed but appears to be intact based on patient’s ability to relate details fromthe past.Concentration and attention: Not formally assessed, but no indication of abnormalities.Visuospatial ability: Not formally assessed.Abstract thought: Intact.Intellectual functioning: Appears to be above average.Speech and language: Quiet volume, regular rate and rhythm.Perceptions: No evidence of perceptual disturbance. Patient denies auditory and visual hallucinations.Thought processes: Coherent and goal directed.Thought content: Distressed about peer relationships.Suicidality or homicidality:Denies current suicidal or homicidal ideation; however, reports suicidal thoughts yesterday on the wayto the hospital.Mood: “Depressed”Affect: Constricted.© 2020, Walden UniversityImpulse control: Limited as evidenced by impulsive self-injurious behavior.Judgment/Insight/Reliability: Poor/Poor/Fair
Child and Adolescent Case Study
Child and Adolescent Case Study
Case Study: I am feeling like I’m Going Crazy
The 15-year-old male patient could be suffering from non-suicidal self-injury disorder (NSSD), which is contained in the fifth edition of the Statistical and Diagnostic Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). In NSSD, the patient deliberately harms himself or herself through diverse ways such as cutting, burning. NSSI is described as a deliberate, self-inflicted bodily harm without suicidal intent and for purposes not socially approved or sanctioned and may include diverse behaviors, e.g., cutting, biting, burning, and scratching skin (Zetterqvist, 2015).
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