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A Patient With Musculoskeletal Limitations Complicated by a Medical Illness (Term Paper Sample)


M6A4: A Patient with Musculoskeletal Limitations Complicated by a Medical Illness
The Surgical Care Improvement Project (SCIP), was implemented as a commitment to improving the safety of surgical patients by reducing post-operative complications. Although some surgical complications are unavoidable, surgical care can be improved through better adherence to evidence based practice.
Case Study: A 60-year old patient with a long standing history of right knee pain has been diagnosed with osteoarthritis, and has been recommended a total left knee arthroscopy to improve chronic discomfort and improve mobility.
The patient’s past medical history includes hypertension and an irregular heart rate. The patient denies any allergies.
The patient reports to the hospital at 1 p.m. for a left knee replacement. A medication reconciliation is completed, and the patient reports taking the following medications with a sip of water at 8:00 p.m.:
• Lisinopril 10 mg PO daily
• Toprol 25 mg PO daily
• Celebrex 200 mg PO daily
While in the pre-operative holding area, vital signs are taken and are within normal limits. No hair removal was performed. The patient was ordered and received Ancef 1 gram IV mini bag, at 2:30 p.m. The patient was transferred to the operating room, where anesthesia monitoring began at 3:00 p.m., a urinary catheter was placed, and a forced air warming device was placed to maintain the patient’s temperature.
After recovering in the post anesthesia care unit (PACU), the patient was transferred to a surgical floor. Post-operative orders included:
• Ancef 1 gram IV mini bag every 8 hours
• Long leg TED hose and sequential compression stockings to right leg while in bed
• Lovenox 30 mg subcutaneously every morning, starting the following morning
• Urinary catheter to be discontinued at 3:00 p.m. on post-operative day 1
The patient progressed well, both with pain control and mobility. TED hose and sequential compression stockings were worn while in bed. On the first post-operative day, the first dose of Lovenox was administered at 1000 a.m. and the last dose of Ancef was received at 2:30 p.m. The patient was able to void after removal of the urinary catheter. The patient progressed well and was discharged home on post- operative day 5.
Evidence shows that more than 45 million operative procedures are performed in the United States each year. Approximately 40% of operative procedures result in a surgical complication. The Surgical Care Improvement Project (SCIP) was implemented to improve quality of care of surgical patients, by reducing surgical complications. Nurses play an important role in this process by following and adhering to evidence based and best practice protocols.
Using evidence based practice from two professional nursing journals, and/or your nursing textbooks, answer the following questions:
1. Explain one of the SCIP core measures, and how it has impacted the prevention of surgical complications. 2. Explain why no hair removal was required for the surgical procedure. If hair removal were ordered, explain the appropriate technique.
3. What methods were used to ensure that the recommended VTE/DVT prophylaxis was implemented, and why is the timing important? Explain your rationale with evidence.
Using APA format, write a two (2) to three (3) page paper (excluding the cover and reference page) that addresses the case study. A minimum of two (2) current professional references must be provided. Current references include professional nursing publications dated within five (5) years, and/or a textbook(s) used for the course that is no more than one (1) edition old. Websites are not to be used as professional resources or references.


A patient with musculoskeletal limitations complicated by a medical illness
A musculoskeletal disorder (MSDs) is a term that describes injuries affecting the musculoskeletal system of the human body. The musculoskeletal system has the following components; bones, joints, muscles, tendons and ligaments whose functions are highly integrated (Brunner, 2010). Musculoskeletal disorders are a result of one or more of these tissues having to work harder than they are designed to, causing inflammation that cause pain and impair normal activities. Patients with the musculoskeletal disorder are limited in their activities of daily living and as such, a surgery is recommended when a medical illness complicates it.
Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis, which affects the cartilage in joints mostly in the knees, lower back, hip, and fingers. For the reason of reducing the chronic discomfort and improve mobility, one is advised to undergo an arthroscopy. One of the surgical procedures performed for the treatment of joint abnormalities is the Arthroscopy (Kapoor, 2015). It is performed on the knee using various procedures while care is exercised. As a precaution to avoid surgical complications, it is advisable to use the core measures provided by Surgical Care Improvement Project while performing the procedure.
Surgical Care Improvement Project (SCIP) is a partnership aimed at improving surgical services by reducing the incidence of surgical complications. The groups ensure the safety of surgical patients and insist on the importance of following the processes and adhering to evidence-based and best practice protocols. SCIP outlines the core measures and the procedure of administering each of the measures and their impact on the prevention of surgical complications. Statistically, approximately 40% of operative procedures result in surgical complications, and Surgical Care Improvement Project is working on reducing that number through improving the quality of care of the surgical patients (Brunner, 2010).
One of the core measures outlined is that the patient was given antibiotics before surgery. The doctors noticed that the patient has hypertension and an irregular heart rate from the me...
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