Gender Stereotype and its Impact in Society (Research Paper Sample)
guidelines for paper
Persuasive// Argumentative essays
Assignment requirements: 12 pages, typed, double-spaced, with 1-inch margins, 12-point font.
Assignment due date: 8/21 by 11:00
Topics are generated EXCLUSIVELY from chapters 20 from your text. You may write on SOME ASPECT of chapter 20 What's Gender Got To Do With It?" You must have at least 8 sources total and 3 of these MUST be text readings.
Persuasive essays are any essay where you are trying to convince the reader that your view of the subject is valid. Note that you are not trying to convince the reader that your view or position is the ONLY way to see the subject. The key is to think defensively: you are trying to explain why YOU see the subject this way. More importantly, you want to base your argument on solid evidence. This is NOT a personal experience essay, even though your personal experiences will probably influence your viewpoint. EVERY point that you make needs to be supported with evidence. Your entire argument should be based on evidence from reliable sources.
In general, evidence that proves your views are shared with a wide variety of other people will help validate your claims; that's one of the primary reasons for using sources - to provide that outside validation that you aren't the only one who feels this way. However, remember that your position should be the focus of the paper. You should not just be blindly repeating your sources' arguments -- we want to know YOUR unique set of evidence and how it adds up to support your claims.
Thus, the key to doing an argumentative essay is to begin with a subject, but don't lock yourself into a viewpoint yet. Keep an open mind. Try to find as wide a variety of sources as possible and learn as much about the subject as you can. After you've done the research, reading, and thinking about the subject, then you are ready to share your viewpoint with the audience. Remember that the focus should be on how YOU are putting the evidence and ideas together, not on how your sources have interpreted this information. Make sure that you cite all evidence from your sources. Give credit where credit is due.
To produce an acceptable persuasive essay, the writer should:
-- use grammatically appropriate sentence structures
-- Use appropriate paragraph breaks to control the flow of information
-- Use transitions both within and between the paragraphs
-- Develop and explain the essay content completely
-- Incorporate information from outside sources ethically, effectively, and appropriately using the MLA citation style
Subject for your essay:
Pick a subject from the approved topics and give your viewpoint on the issue. The subject should either be controversial or at least a subject where there are multiple sides or viewpoints being presented. Make sure that you do the proper research for this paper. Try to get a variety of sources in terms of timeframe and perspectives. If all of your sources are from the same week, there probably won't be much variety. Many times students are concerned that their opinions don’t matter, but they do! Please have an opinion! Please state it often. J
The writer of a persuasive essay should keep the following elements in mind:
Remember that you are writing this essay to explain YOUR viewpoint on the issue, not just to repeat your sources' views. You can't just tell us that something is true. You can't just say: "Smoking is unhealthy." You need to have sources that back that up. You need to explain to us WHY it's unhealthy. Remember that you are DEFENDING your view, not just telling the audience what to believe.
Try to remember that your audience does not know as much as you do. Even if they know more facts about the subject, they don't know YOUR understanding as well as you do. Your job is to explain to the reader how YOU interpret the information and how YOU see things fitting together. Also, as indicated above, remember that you are not telling the audience that their views are wrong or stupid. You are defending/explaining your views, not attacking theirs.
The organization of an argument is always open to interpretation. You will probably find yourself using parts of the earlier essays like personal narrative, compare/contrast, or classification to do different parts of the argument. Remember that each part of the argument needs to be connected to the main thesis at some point so that the reader sees how the overall argument builds to the conclusion.
Remember the basic body paragraph formula for an argument:
•evidence supporting the thesis,
•explanation of HOW the evidence supports the thesis and how the paragraph's point fits into the overall argument.
Argument papers are opinion based, pure and simple. But it’s not enough just to have an opinion. Anybody can have an opinion. Most people’s opinions, however, are simply repeating what they’ve been told or heard. Educated people are expected to be able to do more than just repeat what they’ve been told. Educated people are expected to be able to explain and defend their positions on issues, their opinions and views. At the same time, educated people should also understand that their view is only that: ONE position, A view, AN opinion, not THE truth.
Persuasive essays are different from the other essays that you have encountered. If you were going to write an essay with the subject of gun control using those styles of organization, it might sound like this:
A persuasive essay would argue:
“Gun Control is necessary” or “Gun Control is unconstitutional.”
A persuasive essay is designed to create change of some sort. Change in how the reader sees the issue. Change in society’s views on the subject. Change in how the subject is taught or discussed. What the author should NOT be trying to do is change the reader’s own opinion. There is an important difference between changing how a reader sees an issue and how they feel about it. People’s minds are not changed, usually, on the basis of one argument or essay, but rather by an accumulation of evidence and ideas. Since most people don’t form their opinions or views based on a single source or argument, trying to accomplish that feat with your own persuasive argument is a fool’s errand. A successful persuasive essay leaves the reader thinking “Hmm, I never thought about it that way before,” not “Wow! I’ve been so foolish up until now. Now I understand the right way to view this issue.”
Successful persuasive writers will use the Defensive Approach to an argument. Attacking other people’s views, especially if that’s all the writer does, is going on the Offense. The other views are wrong, and the writer is going to prove it! The problem with the Offense Approach is that if your audience happens to hold that view, your offense has offended and insulted them. Instead, a persuasive essay should focus on defending the writer’s view. Explain how and why you came to this conclusion. What evidence convinced you? The reader is free to accept or reject the evidence without any challenge or insults.
American society likes its arguments to be dichotomies: two-sided, right/wrong, good/bad, us/them. Unfortunately, most subjects and arguments exist on a spectrum of ideas and opinions, shades of gray. It is essential that any writer understand this difference and that other views are not simply dismissed or labeled as “different, and therefore wrong.” The defensive writer can still argue against other views, but by explaining why those views don’t work for him/her, not why they shouldn’t work or make sense to anybody. In a persuasive essay, even though you are arguing what you believe to be true, you are still only presenting ONE possible view, A position, AN understanding, not THE truth, THE one and only valid opinion.
Additionally, for the purposes of most persuasive writing, arguments should be based on empirical evidence: things that can be shown to be physically true, are repeatable in a controlled environment and/or verified through a reputable source. What is not usually acceptable is arguments based on articles of faith. Faith, by definition, is believing in things that cannot be empirically proven to be true. One’s belief that they are true is thus “faith.” In certain circumstances, on certain issues, and for certain audiences, faith based arguments are acceptable. For most professional and academic situations, they are not.
Evidence is the key to a successful persuasive essay. The writer cannot just state that things are true; there must be some sort of proof. In the Defensive Approach, the writer should include the specific evidence, examples or experiences that have convinced him/her of this view. An essay that simply states “Gun violence is too high” and then goes on to another issue is not successfully arguing its case. The writer needs to give specific statistics and evidence, from law enforcement professionals or other reputable sources that support what the actual level of gun violence is. Then the argument that this level is too high needs to be addressed and supported by some sort of comparison or definition. After all, to some people, ANY gun violence would be too high. The better and more reputable the source, the stronger the argument will be. Statistics taken from an anonymous web page will not carry as much strength as FBI or Police Department statistics.
According to Aristotle, a successful argument will contain three key elements:
Logos – logic, data (the specific evidence that supports the position)
Ethos – ethics, credibility, morality (how is argument presented morally)
Pathos – people, human-side, emotion (the human face, the specific examples used)
These three elements are used in different combinations and proportions (some will emphasize logos, others ethos), but all three elements should be present in order for a persuasive argument to be completely successful. An argument that over-emphasizes one element, or eliminates one, might be successful in the short run, but the long-term success of the argument will not be there.
Remember to have a solid balance of Aristotle’s three elements. Too many writers emphasize only the evidence, the logos, and forget to show the reader the human faces of the people being discussed. On the other hand, many writers do a great job with the pathos and really make us feel sorry for little Timmy, but haven’t given us the evidence to understand how to change anything or make the situation better in the long run. A writer should make sure that they have all three elements, in a proper proportion for the context and purpose of the specific essay/argument that s/he is presenting.
Here is a process to follow when writing a persuasive argument
Determine your subject
Something that you have definite feelings about
Something that others are discussing
If the subject is already chosen for you – find what interests you in that subject
Determine WHY you feel the way you do about the subject
What evidence/sources have convinced you?
Do necessary research to find evidence if you don’t know
Organize reasons into scratch outline
Which points are most significant?
What order do they need to be in?
Determine what alternate views exist
Determine what background/definitions the reader will need
Confirm Logos, Ethos, Pathos elements
Emphasize defensive, not offensive approach
Offer solutions/alternatives if possible, don’t just complain
research paper guidelines
due date 07/24/2015
Topics are generated EXCLUSIVELY from chapters 20 from your text.They Say, I Say (with readings), Graff, Birkenstein, Durst. isbn 9780393937510.We will go through a step-by-step process to create a thesis statement, an effective hook and introduction, strong, relevant body paragraphs, and a memorable conclusion. We will also use , editing, peer-editing, and MLA documentation style.
You may write on SOME ASPECT of chapter 20 "What's Gender Got To Do With It?" You must have at least 8 sources total and 3 of these MUST be text readings
analytical research paper I'll be looking for:
1. 3,600 to 4,000 words, which translates to 12 or 13 typed pages.
2. At least 8 sources from library databases.
3. Please use official MLA documentation format.
4. A single claim statement that you have UNDERLINED for emphasis. It needs to encompass the entire idea of the research paper as well as your OPINION or stance on the issues raised.
* list 1.
due date July 16/2015
OUT LINE FOR RESEARCH PAPER
A.Please write a detailed outline that discusses your plan for research. The basic guideline for this outline is as follows:
revised claim statement:
idea for hook
2. Body paragraph #1
idea + explanation
3. body paragraph #2
idea + explanation
4. body paragraph #3
(and on like this... who knows how many body paragraphs you'll actually have in a 12-page paper)
ideas + explanation
*list 2. due date July 17/2015
WRITING YOUR INTRODUCTION
* LIST 3 DUE DATE JULY 17/2015
SUMMARY OF 3 RESOURCES
Do your best to capture the spirit of these three articles and some of the detail without quoting verbatim! It would be best to do this without looking at the text too much... Please write for about 1 to 2 pages page (400 - 600 words), double-spaced
*list 4 due date July 17/2015
*list 5 due date July 20/2015
CREATING STRONG DESCRPITIVE ELEMENT
What was particularly interesting about the description used? Give me two verbatim examples of strong description, and then EXPLAIN why those exact quotes were so affecting. Be interesting, be interesting, be interesting!
Use examples and use attribution clauses like, "According to Oates,"
Also, what was Oates trying to say in this essay? What is the tone or emotion behind the essay?
I'm looking for about 250 words, typed and double-spaced.
*list 6 due date is July 22/2015
P.I.E PARAGRAPH REWRITE
Using the handout describing P. I.E. (point-illustration-explanation) please REWRITE two of your paragraphs from your 5-page draft that need work. Please include the ORIGINAL and then directly underneath, the rewrite so that it looks like this:
1. original paragraph
2. revised paragraph with P.I.E. applied
3. original paragraph #2
4. revised paragraph #2 with P.I.E. applied
The length of this assignment will vary depending on the length of your original paragraphs, but I expect to see at least 2 double-spaced pages for this whole assignment.
work cite page due date 07/24/2015
thank you very much
Gender Stereotype and its Impact in Society
The negative impact of gender stereotype, especially to the female population in society has generated heated debates in the recent years. This is because it is widely believed in the popular culture that men and women are different and thus they are expected to behave differently. According to Block and Crawford (9), stereotypes refer to the qualities that are supposed to be associated with certain categories or groups of people. Such qualities include expected behaviors, traits, and roles among others. The process through which people's perceptions of such qualities influence their judgment regarding others is referred to as stereotyping. In light of this, people demonstrate gender stereotyping once they assign roles, behaviors, and traits to individual women and men on the basis of gender. For instance, men are often stereotyped as motivated to master or self-assertive while women are stereotyped as selfless or communal as well as concerned with others (Block & Crawford, 9). In this regard, men are often perceived to be self-sufficient, ambitious, self-confident, and independent while women are often perceived to be sensitive, gentle, sympathetic, affectionate, kind, helpful, and compassionate. The study of gender difference is important mainly because the perceptions regarding the manner in which women and men differ mostly affects the behavior towards them.
In many social contexts including the workplace, women and men are usually treated differently. This could have detrimental effects in terms of fair employment opportunities, especially to women. In most situations, women have been stereotyped as lacking the necessary leadership behaviors required to succeed in the personnel and managerial positions. As such, the employers have been reluctant to promote women employees in the managerial and personnel positions contending that such positions requires some characteristics that are generally ascribed to men than to women. In addition, gender stereotyping is also common both in the domestic setting and the educational setting. Traditionally, boys were given the first priority in education at the expense of girls. In some situations, girls and women were compelled to drop out of schools so that they male counterparts can progress academically. Similarly, the traditional gender-role stereotypes inherent in most societies still continue to affect women and men disproportionately. In general, there are two schools of thought regarding the manner in which men and women are supposed to behave in the society and the roles that they are supposed to play. In this case, one school of thought contends that men and women can perform any roles in the society while the other contends that there are different roles ascribed to men and women in the society. This research paper seeks to advance the argument that the gender stereotypes affect men and women disproportionately with the former benefiting more at the expense of the latter.
2.0 Social Role Theory
The social role theory is arguably the most widely used tool among the proponents of gender stereotype. In support of this argument Vogel, Wester, Heesacker and Madon (520) asserts that this theory is one of "the most influential explanations for why gender stereotypes are confirmed." The social role theory holds that the major reason as to why gender stereotypes are confirmed by men and women is because men and women act differently according to their social roles. It is worth noting that these social roles are usually segregated along the gender lines and by acting in accordance to such social roles, they create an impression that gender stereotype is a normal and common practice in the society.
Men and women behave in a gender-typed m...
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