CRM333 Research: Drug Trafficking Organization Violence (Research Paper Sample)
CRM333 Research Paper Guidelines 1
You are required to select a course-related topic for research and then prepare a paper. The paper should include an overview of the subject and major relevant points relative to individual, community, social and/or legal implications or impacts. Moreover, the paper should incorporate the role of the Saint Leo University core value of Respect or the lack thereof as it relates to victimization.
Furthermore, this paper shall contain a minimum length of 2500 words and must be written in APA style and formatted in a manner consistent with the most recent APA guidelines. The paper must include a running head, page numbers, cover page, abstract, introduction, body, summary of findings, conclusion, and reference page. References must be cited (in-text) using the APA format. A minimum of five (5) references are required, with no more than two (2) from Internet sources. Do not use Wikipedia references in your paper. Additional grading criteria will include clarity of presentation, quality of content, mastery of content, care and attention to detail, organization, originality of presentation, and the value and interest of the presentation, as well as proper grammar and punctuation. You must email the professor of your proposed topic no later than the end of Module 3, Sunday, 11:59 PM EST/EDT.
The assignment must be your original work. You are required to use no more than 15% of others quoted work when completing any assignments within this course of study. Your research paper must therefore be 85% original. No previously submitted papers, articles, reports or project(s), in whole or in part, to any university or college will be accepted. See the grading rubric that follows the list of possible topics.
Drug Trafficking and Organization Violence
Drug Trafficking and Organization Violence
This paper tries to analyze the relationship between drug trafficking and organized crime. The traditional approaches to drugs has been based on “war on drugs” and has provided narrow insights to the whole issue calling for a wider and comprehensive approach. Therefore, deciding to discuss the issues from “organized violence” is a wise decision since it is more comprehensive than the traditional approach. The media and academia disciplines still struggle to understand the nature of violence that has been witnessed in Latin America and Caribbean countries for more than two decades through the traditional “war on drugs” approach. The phrase “war on drugs” was coined by President Nixon in 1971 and since then there has been dramatic changes across the well hence the need to change the way the whole issue is being approached.
Most Latin American leaders have argued that U.S.A is the major reason was drug trafficking exists in their countries. Their argument is that if American would not have been having a large population of drug addicts or users, their countries would not have been producing the large quantities of illegal drugs such as cocaine for export. Consequently, the powerful and well-financed drug trafficking organizations would not be existing in the region. For the past two and half decades, the so called cartels have sprung up in the region and they tend to control everything. These cartels have diversified from drug trafficking only to human trafficking and even smuggling of weapons into other countries.
Drug trafficking and organized violence/crime have been described as “new risks” to both internal and international security and stability. Although they are not new, they have become globalized and complex. It is evident that non-state actors and internal and international security issues are related; therefore, it is important to understand the two risks before even starting to address them. Politi (1997) asserted that the two risks have become an obstacle to nations due to various reasons. First, its effect on different factors of internal and international issues, but the government evolutions should not fall victims of these risks to destroy the social, political and cultural order. Second, establishment of democratic governance is crucial in developing democracies and countries. These evolutions might be fragile to the risks and if the developing countries fail in the transition process, they will face more adverse challenges such as illegal immigration and violence within their boundaries and they will be forced to spend more resources in peacekeeping trying to mitigate the problem. All countries are vulnerable to these risks, in other words, no country cannot be affected. Organized crimes are the facilitators of drug trafficking, smuggling of weapons as well as human trafficking which has been describes as the “new form of slavery”. Fourth, these risks affects both ordinary citizens and political choices. Lastly, due to these risks, the strategic features of non-internal actors are being underlined by international actors such as United Nations (UN) and other international security organizations.
Drug trafficking may contribute to violence in different ways in source, transit and consumer countries. First, it finances terrorism activities. Second, it contributes to chaos in producing, transiting and consumer countries. Sometimes, the drug traffickers causes the chaos in a deliberate way in order to create a conducive environment for their activities. Third, corruption starts in all levels of government institutions which weakens the capacity of the society to ...
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