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Hydrometeorology Research Project: Temperature (Research Paper Sample)


This project involves analyzing monthly NARR variables of your choice from a geographical region(s) of your choice to examine the factors or processes responsible for changes in the hydrologic regime that may be related to a changing climate. The North American Regional Reanalysis model covers most of North and Central America and vast portions of the Atlantic, Pacific and Arctic oceans, has hundreds of output parameters at 32 km horizontal resolution and 29 pressure levels that extend back to 1979 from present. The graphics utility is quite flexible for plotting monthly or seasonal means and anomalies and the time series plotting utility is quite useful as well, although at a slightly coarser scale of 64 km.

My topic is about Florida and there are three variables which are air temperature at surface , vegetation type and specific humidity. The vegetation type is the cause of the air tem changes and the specific humidity is the implications of the air tem. (OR veg is the implication and humidity is the cause.)  

There are five excel data which are for air temperature, vegetation type, specific humidity, latitude and longitude in Florida. And each variable has 12 months data from ubkjh .  you should chose an averaging period to compare to the climate normal temperature.

In order to do statistical tests like t-tests or ANOVA or regression with the NARR data you will need some platform to convert the data from the NOAH web site which is in NETCDF format into a format you can do the analysis with.

Both MATLAB and R have modules which will convert NETCDF data. There is also an ESRI module for converting NETCDF data to Excel and we have made some provisions to provide you with training to allow you to learn how to use this. 

So do some analysis about data using t-tests or other ways and make some charts or tables.


Hydrometeorology research project




Data on the variables in the project included air temperature at the surface, vegetation type, specific humidity, latitude and longitude in Florida, while the first there were considered to determine whether there was a relation among them. The data are from the same climatic zone, and even as the areas were covered in different vegetation and while the cold and warm seasons have divergent temperature range and the highest average temperature for the 280 observations was 302.77 for grid cod5, while the lowest was 290.36589285714 for grid code. In the analysis, the implication is the air temperature while the causes are the vegetation type and specific humidity.

The surface air temperature has increased over time with climate change and even as there is natural variability, temperature increase may indicate that the effects of global warming will result in even higher global temperatures. For instance, the increase in the amount of atmospheric CO2 is associated with higher mean global surface temperature (Armstrong et al., 2016). The effect of moisture and water vapor has been singled out as another factor that affects the surface air temperature since the surface vapor pressure changes depending on the seasons, and has increased over time (Garnaud, Sushama & Verseghy, 2015). Where possible considering the means, ranges, normal levels and extreme temperature change provide insights on the link between the temperature changes and other factors. When there is cooling of the surface temperatures there is also likely to be increased atmospheric moisture. Similarly, when there is an increase in evapotranspiration this results in higher surface specific humidity levels and it is possible to quantify the level of radiation emitted, depending on the surface temperature; humidity in crops demonstrate that they can be quite useful for estimating the danger of higher temperatures (King et al., 2015).

When the temperature rises the relative humidity tends to decrease and vice versa, and the highest humidity occurs when temperatures are the lowest, mostly during the daybreak. Humidity is the amount of water present in the atmosphere, surface vegetation available and partly determines whether the vegetation is dry. Specific humidity represents the ratio between the mass of vapor/steam and the wet air, and the later is the sum of air and steam. The humidity levels were collected from different regions as indicated by the latitudes and longitudes and topography is one of the factors that affect relative humidity since there is high variation of the areas with hilly and mountainous regions. At the same time, the air is saturated with humidity when the relative humidity is 100%.The degree of humidity in the atmosphere depends on different atmospheric elements of which the most important is the temperature (Wang, et al., 2014). Generally, warmer air can absorb more moisture. Altitude also influences humidity where in the mountain ranges the air receives less amount of water vapor, and at higher heights it condenses forming clouds.

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