Writing Assignment NURS 6540 PICO Analysis of Depression (Research Paper Sample)
The PICO question should include the patient or population (P), anticipated intervention (I), comparison group or current standard (C), and outcome desired (O).
Locate five articles related to your PICO question. At least one article must be a systematic review. All of the articles should be primary sources.
Reflect on the five articles you selected as indicated in Part III: Analysis of Literature. Consider the conceptual framework/theory, main finding, research method, strengths of study, weaknesses, and level of evidence for each article.
Consider how to use the summaries in Part III to create an evidence table. Use this evidence table to determine appropriate treatment options for patients who present with the disorder you selected as your topic.
Formulate a question around the disorder you selected as indicated in Part I: PICO Analysis of Research Topic.
Identify the resources you will use, search terms and criteria, and Boolean search strings as indicated in Part II: Search Strategy.
Summarize the five articles you selected as indicated in Part III: Analysis of Literature. Describe the conceptual framework/theory, main finding, research method, strengths of study, weaknesses, and level of evidence for each article.
Create an evidence table based on the article summaries in Part III. Describe appropriate treatment options for patients based on this evidence table.
PICO question: Do elderly nursing home residents suffer from depression at a higher rate than elderly people living in their own home?
PICO ANALYSIS OF DEPRESSION
PICO Analysis of Depression
Part I: PICO Analysis of Research Topic
Depression is a medical condition that remains less prevalent among older adults as compared to younger adults but have serious implications. Close to half of the cases give a clear representation of the first onset in a latter life. In as much as suicide rates among the elderly is slowly declining, this population sample remains at higher risk of suffering from depression as compared to the younger adults. In view of this, it is significant to note that depressed older adults are less likely to undergo affective symptoms and are in a position to display somatic symptoms, cognitive changes, and the loss of interest compared to the younger adults (David et al, 2012). In regards to this, the rates of depression are considerable higher in nursing homes and in most cases these conditions go untreated.
The lifestyles of older adults may significantly differ from that of adults in their younger stages of life. For instance, the older adults are prone to experience instances of loneliness and experience harmful falls and the fear of falling. On the other hand, the older adults are less expectant in finding their purpose in life as they grow older, thus they are likely to stop seeking for new sources of purpose. In this regard, it is essential to consider that the lack of purpose has some correlations with the feelings of hopelessness, an aspect that point out to the symptoms of depression (David et al, 2012). Major depression therefore affects close to 1 to 4% of the older population. However, major depression is considered as a disease that mostly affects the elderly population living in nursing homes as opposed to those living in their own homes.
Estimates of 20.3% of the elderly population living in nursing homes are therefore affected by major depression. This rate is therefore likely to grow higher in a case where subsyndromal depression is considered. Subsyndromal depression in this case indicates the presence of depressive symptoms in as much as the symptoms are not perceived as severe to be considered as major or minor (Alexopoulos, 2015). In as much as the rates of the older population suffering from depression is high, this disease remains under-recognized in nursing homes, thus leaving most of the older adults untreated. This study will therefore focus on behavioral activity therapy as an approach aimed at managing depression among the elderly patients in nursing homes.
P: Elderly Patients with Depression
I: Behavioral Activity Therapy
C: Theelderly Patients with depression in nursing home residents as opposed to those living in their own homes
O: Improve Behavioral Outcomes
Part II: Search Strategy
Step 1: Research Tools
Books, Encyclopedias, Handbooks
The Journal of Gerontology
Aging and Mental Health
Step 2: Identify Search Terms and Criteria.
Keywords and Phrases
“And” for all included subjects, full-text, scholarly peer-reviewed journals
Articles older than 2010, population younger than 65
PsycINFO Review with 295 results
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