The Cold War: Answer the Questions (Essay Sample)
following questions and answer in essay format. Define the Cold War and trace the events of the 1940s and 1950s, both at home and abroad, that served to heighten the fears and anxiety of Americans regarding the “communist menace.” Evaluate the extent to which Joseph McCarthy contributed to this sense of anxiety and explain what happened to cause his fall from power.source..
The Cold War
The Cold War is described as a war that was "fought by all means short of international armed conflict" (Kent Para.1). Kent asserts that this War was based on ideologies realist extension of relations between different states. As a result, it involved concerns over hard power, foreign policy and the Soviet-American diplomacy which underscored the active role of propaganda, covert operations and ideology. They were considered to have been central in the Cold War- with exception of international armed conflict- hence leading to assertions that the Cold War was merely based on ideas and soft power, as opposed to war characterized by military strength and nuclear weapons. Policy makers who were involved in the Cold war had a competition over social-economic systems and political forms. On the other hand, Holloway asserts that the root cause of the Cold War was eminent fear of the "The Bomb" and the possibility of resulting into a global thermo-nuclear annihilation (1).
As a result, the American citizens were always alert to events, both at home and abroad, that could endanger their lives and peace. Their alertness made them suffer from cultural and political hysteria which were attributed to their fear and anxiety about Soviet's threat (Hendler 4). This introduced anti-communism in the United States as many Americans started believing in the existence of communists within their societies with the sole purpose of undermining the United Stated (Lieberman 182). This did not only intensify their fears but it also led to panic as many Americans started charging each other as communist sympathizers or being communists. Because of the threat of the perceived anti-communist hysteria, fear made many Americans to both withdraw from politics and kept their views to themselves. Another event that intensified fear was the United Statesâ€&t...
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