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IT & Computer Science
English (U.S.)
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Importance of People in an Business Organization (Essay Sample)


Of the five primary components of an information system (hardware, software, data, people, process), which do you think is the most important to the success of a business organization?
Part A - Define each primary component of the information system.
Part B - Include your perspective on why your selection is most important.
Part C - Provide an example from your personal experience to support your answer.
Length/Formatting Instructions
Length 4 pages, double spaced, 1" margins
Font 12 point, Calibri Font
Program/File Type Submit in Word
Referencing system APA referencing system is necessary in assignments, especially material copied from the Internet.
For examples of correct citations, visit the following links:
File Name Lastname_firstname_C10_M3 Assignment


The Importance of People in a Business Organization
Student’s Name
The Importance of People in a Business Organization
Part A: Primary Components of an information system
Information systems (IS) play an immense role in modern organizations as it helps them in the collection, processing, and storage of data. An information system is made up of five primary components that include hardware, software, people, data, and process. According to Bourgeois (2014), hardware refers to the physical and tangible part of an information system; it represents the part where one can touch. Examples of hardware include computers, disk drives, flash drives, and keyboards. The hardware components perform functions such as data storage, input, processing, and output (Stair & Reynolds, 2018). Software refers to a set of instructions that directs the hardware on what to do (Bourgeois, 2014). The process of creating software involves programmers typing instructions that control what the hardware does. There are two types of software, the first one being operating system software that coordinates the function and activities of the hardware. The second one is the application software which is made up of programs that help users solve specific computing problems (Stair & Reynolds, 2018).
People are human beings that coordinate almost all the processes of an information system. As informed by Bourgeois (2014), people form an essential part of an information system and include system analysts, support staff, developers, among others. Data can be thought of as “a collection of facts” (Bourgeois, 2014). Pieces of data can include aspects such as one’s address, name, and phone number. Organizations collect different types of data that facilitate decision making. The final component is process, which refers to a series of steps taken to attain a particular outcome (Bourgeois, 2014). Documenting business processes is important in helping an organization control its activities.

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