2 pages/≈550 words
Health, Medicine, Nursing
Factors Influencing Adult Learners' Decision to Drop Out or Persist in Online Education (Essay Sample)
To access articles in the Library for this class and others, please refer to the instructions on the Syllabus and in Case 1. (Park, J., & Choi, H. J. (2009). Factors influencing adult learners' decision to drop out or persist in online learning. Journal of Educational Technology & Society, 12(4), 207-n/a. Retrieved from http://search(dot)proquest(dot)com/docview/1287038599?accountid=28844 ) Case 1 was on this paper please use this for the bacground. For this assignment, you will use one of the scholarly research articles you chose for the SLP in this module. Look at the subheadings below and make sure you choose an article that will have enough information to complete the assignment. You will not earn points by stating that the article did not include all of the information required to answer each part of the assignment. It is your responsibility to find an article that does contain the information. Note: This assignment asks for more information than you provided in the previous module, so please be sure to read the instructions. Before you begin writing, review the subheadings again and make sure the article you chose has all of the information needed to complete the assignment. If it does not, you should search again for a suitable article. If you are unsure of how to proceed, please ask for clarification before you start your paper. Write a 2-page summary of the article, using the exact same subheadings listed below, in the exact same order, and following the instructions below. You only have to write a couple of sentences under each subheading. Your summary must be written in your own words. I already know that the authors of the article can identify their purpose, hypothesis, etc. so copying the information from the article will not show me what you understand. Do not copy/paste or simply paraphrase. Explain each section to me so I can see what you learned from reading the article. The purpose of this assignment is to show that you can identify these sections of a research article. This is an exercise in critical thinking -- it is never ok to simply copy or paraphrase the article's abstract. Introduction: Write a couple of sentences to introduce the topic you chose. Reference: This should be so accurate that the reader can go directly from the abstract to the original article. Give a complete APA style reference. Kind of research: Identify the kind of research, i.e., experimental, quasi-experimental, observational (descriptive, case study, historical, etc.). Although the article may not be a clear example of one of these, it can usually be classified under one of these. Purpose: Sometimes the purpose is stated as an aim, an objective, or a goal. At other times, it is incorporated in a statement of a problem, leaving the reader to infer the purpose has a stated problem, a purpose, or both. In case the purpose is inferred, you may state it in your own words. Design: If the article is an experimental or quasi-experimental research, it is usually possible to identify the design of the study. Descriptive and historical research articles may or may not have a design that can be categorized. Try to identify the design for each article. Comment if you are unable to determine the design, and explain why. Participants: The term “participant” refers to the sample studied. Under this heading you should include a description of ages, sexes, socio-economic status, school grade, mental level, number, and/or any other demographic characteristics given in the article to describe the particular sample used in the study. Procedure: Sometimes the procedure is referred to as the “method” and includes a description of control techniques, measuring devices, materials used and ways of proceeding, in attempting to achieve the purpose or purposes of the study. Are measures of validity and reliability reported by the author? If so, what measures were used? When such are not reported it should be so stated. Variables: Identify the variables in the study. Identify the independent and dependent variables. The independent variables are usually the cause, stimulus, antecedent treatment or the identified groups (males-females; young couples, middle aged couples, mature couples; Baptist, Catholics, Methodists, Mormans; upper class, middle class, lower class; etc.) whereas the dependent variable is usually the effect, response, or consequence. Level of Measurement (data): Although this is often unclear, you should try to identify the level of measurement such as nominal, ordinal, interval, and/or ratio. Instrumentation: The names of the instruments (if any) used in the study should be listed. This would include such things as: The Maryland Parent Attitude Survey (MPAS), the Locke-Wallas Marital Adjustment Test (MAT), the Taylor-Johnson Temperament Test (TJTT), or other tests named in the article. Sample: Sample refers to whether the sample(s) is related (dependent) or non-related (independent). Related sample usually means that the different scores represent the same individuals or logically connected individuals (spouses, daughters, sons, mothers, fathers, etc.) whereas independent samples refer to different groups. Sampling Technique: Sampling technique refers to such things as random sampling, cluster sampling, selected sampling, stratified sampling, time sampling, volunteers, solicited, snowball sampling, intact groups, etc. Statistical Tests: List the statistical tests used in the article; examples might be chi square (x2), t-test, f-test, Mann-Whitney, etc. Results or Findings: These should be confined to actual data reported by the author. Conclusions: Conclusions are the generalizations that the author believes the results or findings justify. These should be expressed in the language of the author. Critique: Up until now, you have been telling me about what the authors of the article described. In this part of the paper, please give your own opinion about the study (not about the topic, but about the way the study was done). Please comment on the study's strengths and any possible weaknesses or limitations. ASSIGNMENT EXPECTATIONS: Please read before completing assignments. Copy the actual assignment from this page onto the cover page of your paper (do this for all papers in all courses). Assignment should be 1 - 2 pages in length (double-spaced). You are not restricted to a certain number of words, as you would be if you were preparing an abstract for publication. Please use major sections corresponding to the major points of the assignment, and where appropriate use sub-sections (with headings). Remember to write in a scientific manner (try to avoid using the first person except when describing a relevant personal experience). Quoted material should not exceed 10% of the total paper (since the focus of these assignments is on independent thinking and critical analysis). Use your own words and build on the ideas of others. When material is copied verbatim from external sources, it MUST be properly cited. This means that material copied verbatim must be enclosed in quotes and the reference should be cited either within the text or with a footnote. Use of peer-reviewed articles is required. Websites as references are not acceptable for this assignment. source..
Factors Influencing Adult Learners’ Decision to Drop Out or Persist in Online Learning Name: Course title: Professor: Institution: Date Due: Introduction More adults are increasingly turning on to online educational environment for their various learning endeavors. This increased growth is due to flexibility of this program to not only these adults but most learners. It is therefore, paramount that educators understand this aspect and design online educational programs that cater for the needs of online adult learners (Cercone, 2008). This paper essentially summarizes the key points of a paper done by Park, and Choi, (2009) on “Factors Influencing Adult Learners’ Decision to Drop Out or Persist in Online Learning”. Reference Park, J.H and Choi, H.J (2009). “Factors Inflluences Adult Learner’s Decision in Dropping or Perssisting in Online Learning” Kookmin University, Department of Education, Seoul, Korea Available from Educational Technology & Society, 12 (4), 207–217. Kind of Research This is a descriptive kind of research. According to Shilds, and Tajalli, (2006), descriptive research is the one which describes the characteristics and information concerning a given population that is being studied. The researchers employed a theoretical framework which included satisfaction, organizational support, and relevance in addition to the individual features in predicting the decision of the learners in either dropping or persisting with their learning programs. This study meets this criterion as the authors describe adult online learners and the factors making them to go on or drop from their online study programs. Study Purpose In this study, the researchers were interested in finding out whether adult learners who either went on with their study or dropped were affected by personal characteristics such as gender, educational level and age and internal characteris...
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