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3 pages/≈825 words
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APA
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Health, Medicine, Nursing
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English (U.S.)
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Topic:

Cardiomyopathy (Essay Sample)

Instructions:

Introduction of disease-Provide a brief description of the disease/disorder and include epidemiology as appropriate.
Etiology-Identify common causes and risk factors for the disease, to include age, gender, environmental, genetic, and lifestyle.
Pathophysiological processes-Describe how the disease begins from the cause and the mechanisms of the disease that give rise to signs and symptoms. Remember that pathophysiology should be on a cellular level. Include information related the body’s attempts to overcome the disease as applicable.
Clinical Manifestations & Complications-Describe the physical signs and symptoms that are important in considering the presence of the disease. Describe significant and common complications associated with the disease if left untreated.
Diagnostics-Describe common laboratory and diagnostic tests used to determine the presence of the disease. Provide information on significant findings for these diagnostic studies associated with the disease.
Affected Health Patterns with Specific Impact-Identify at least three (3) health patterns affected by the disease. Describe how the disease specifically impacts that health pattern.

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Content:

Cardiomyopathy
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Subject:
Date of Submission
Cardiomyopathy
The term cardiomyopathy could be elucidated as a heart condition occurring because of an abnormal heart muscle. The condition could be categorized into four types, which include restrictive, arrhythmogenic, hypertropic, and dilated cardiomyopathies. Critical to the discussion is the fact that dilated and hypertrophic cardiomyopathies record the highest incidence rates. As evidence, Wexler et al., (2009) argue that every seven out of 100,000 adults and 0.57 out of every 100,000 children experience dilated cardiomyopathy. As a result, it is the third principal cause of heart failure in the United States of America. Further, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy records an incidence of one in five hundred people and is the chief cause for unexpected death in athletes. It is also notable that cases of arryhythmogenic and restrictive cardiomyopathy are rare. This paper focuses on the etiology, pathophysiological process, clinical complications, diagnosis, and health patterns affected by cardiomyopathy.
The etiological characteristics of the disease under discussion include elements such as gender, environment, lifestyle, genetics, and age. For instance, people living in the African environment are likely to experience restrictive cardiomyopathy because of famine and hunger. In addition, genes could cause cardiomyopathy because of the autosomal dominant trait and the troponin T mutation. Males are also likely to suffer from cardiomyopathy than females. As evidence, Sisakian (2014) argues that dilated cardiomyopathy, is more prevalent in males than females. The author further asserts that hypertrophic and arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathies are slightly less prevalent in females than males. Age varies with the type of cardiomyopathy because non-ischemic cardiomyopathies occur across all ages, while ischemic cardiomyopathies occur among the elderly. Ultimately, lifestyles such as drinking, smoking, and excessive salt consumption also increase the risk of suffering from cardiomyopathy.
It is clear that there are different types of cardiomyopathies implying the different types have different pathophysiology. As a result, it is advisable to review the publication by Sisakian (2014) for a thorough analysis of pathophysiology for cardiomyopathies. The hypertrophic cardiomyopathy occurs because of small ventricles resulting from an abnormal arrangement and growth of cardiac muscle fibers. This type of condition is genetic and is associated with gene mutations, which encode a protein that form sarcomeres in the contractile. This forces the myocyte hypertrophies to enlarge and fight...
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