Pre-planned Curriculum vs. Emergent Curriculum Education Coursework (Coursework Sample)
Early Childhood Education Position Paper Prompt:
Your Topic is Pre-planned Curriculum vs. Emergent Curriculum as you will examine the pros and cons of pre-planned curriculum and emergent curriculum.
The title of your Position Paper must be: Pros and Cons of Emergent Curriculum
Before you start your position paper remember that a pre-planned curriculum is usually a curriculum that has a theme. The teacher gives a different theme usually every month and the students follow the theme. In a pre-planned curriculum teachers are not really looking or considering any input from observations they had with the children, teachers may not consider the children’s interests, parents may not consider any input from the children’s parents. Therefore a pre-planned curriculum comes already made as the pre-planned curriculums are already to go as it tells the teachers what books to read to the children and it tells the teachers what activities to do because everything is already pre-planned.
Meanwhile, in emergent curriculum is different as you consider the children’s interests and needs as you observer children through observations, and you start listening to parent’s input about their children.
Now for your position paper I want you to follow the format of having an:
Introduction: State why the main idea is important. State your thesis/claim. Your thesis is more than a general statement about your main idea. It needs to establish a clear position you will support with balanced proofs.
Body: Your body must include 3 sections such as an argument, an objection and a response. The first section of your position paper body presents your single argument for the An argumentative or persuasive piece of writing must begin with a debatable thesis or claim. In other words, the thesis must be something that people could reasonably have differing opinions on. If your thesis is something that is generally agreed upon or accepted as fact, then there is no reason to try to persuade people.
The second section is a Objection. Here you should respond to the argument given in the previous section and provide an objection to provide what the other side would argue… What is their argument?
The third section is Response. Your response should be a response to the Fire back against the proponent’s arguments with research and data. Stay on target of your points. Be succinct and clear in your articulation.
Conclusion: The purpose of conclusion is to support your original thesis or state a new thesis.
Below are the steps you must follow to complete the Position Paper:
Step #1: In your introduction paragraph introduce and discuss pre-planned curriculum and emergent curriculum. For example, make sure to define what a pre-planned curriculum is and also define what an emergent curriculum is. Discuss what format do teachers learn under the pre-planned curriculum and what format do teachers learn under the emergent curriculum.
Step #2: Now for the body of your position paper it can be multiple paragraphs but first I want you to state your claim about which curriculum you believe is more important to the success of young children’s learning. For example, do you believe in the pre-planned curriculum in that children will learn more from this curriculum? Or do you believe children will learn more from the emergent curriculum?
Now, provide some proof as to which one do you believe works better. Therefore, if you believe that the emergent curriculum is better for children’s learning tell me why by providing some proof through articles you may find online and make sure to cite them properly in APA.
(NOTE FROM ME THE STUDENT: SINCE THIS EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION CLASS IS ABOUT THE EMERGENT CURRICULUM I THINK THE EMERGENT CURRICULUM IS BETTER THAN THE PRE-PLANNED CURRICULUM, THEREFORE CAN YOU WRITE THAT THE EMERGENT CURRICULUM IS BETTER)
Also discuss why your statement could be objected by others, therefore if you say that you believe in emergent curriculum then what are some of the reasons that people who don’t believe in emergent curriculum and they believe in pre-planned curriculum then what do you think they believe that pre-planned curriculum is better?
Therefore, what pros do you think they are seeing in the pre-planned curriculum? What are some cons in the pre-planned curriculum?
(Class Notes from the classroom online meeting about pros and cons of pre-planned curriculum: For example, teachers who became teachers in the mid to late 2000’s, and the 2010’s have different opinions about which curriculum is better for children’s learning especially considering the amount of technology that there is in the present compared to the past decades. For instance, there are teachers who graduated decades ago in the early 2000’s, the 1990’s, the 1980’s and even 1970’s who still teach under a pre-planned curriculum but to their defense it can be because it’s all they know how to teach as they didn’t adapt to learning anything else about other different curriculums as they became comfortable in teaching the pre-planned curriculum because the pre-planned curriculum tells teacher what to say, when to do it, how to do it, but that doesn’t necessarily meets the needs of every children because when those teachers who applied the pre-planned curriculum in the beginning of their teaching careers it was a different group of children from years and decades ago when children didn’t have any experience with technology like computers, laptops, iPads, tablets, and cellphones compared to children now where most children have access and learn how to use technology devices at a faster pace sometimes even before they learn how to talk. That’s why classroom curriculums have to change to meet the needs of the children of today’s era. So if teachers are still teaching under the pre-planned curriculum about what they taught 20 years ago how that helps the children now in the year 2020.)
Next, talk about what are some pros about emergent curriculum and are there cons about the emergent curriculum?
Step #3: Now for the conclusion I want your response to other’s objections by providing some proof. For example, so what does curriculum tells about children’s learning? So if you were objecting to your belief that emergent curriculum is very important to young children’s learning what proof can you give to the objection. For instance, if a person comes in to object that the children in the emergent curriculum only play all day and that they aren’t learning through play then what you would be your response as to why emergent curriculum and learning through play is very important by giving some proof through APA citations from articles, books, educational websites. Therefore, talk about how through research of the articles, books or website links that the emergent curriculum is better than the pre-planned curriculum. You can talk about past experiences. Restate why emergent curriculum is very important and why do children learn through play.
(NOTES FROM ME THE STUDENT TO THE WRITER: IN REGARDS TO THE PAST EXPERIENCES I KIND MENTIONED SOME IN THE CLASS NOTES ABOVE AT THE END OF STEP #2)
Step #4: Reference Page: Make sure to have at least 3 different references and 3 different educational citations in your position paper.
It’s up to you to look through information and references for your position paper.
You may want to look through the NAEYC Standard 5 of the 2010 Standards for Initial Early Childhood Professional Preparation in which standard 5 talks about:
USING CONTENT KNOWLEDGE TO BUILD MEANINGFUL CURRICULUM:
Candidates prepared in early childhood degree programs use their knowledge of academic disciplines to design,implement, and evaluate experiences that promote positive development and learning for each and every young child. Candidates understand the importance of developmental domains and academic (or content) disciplines in early childhood curriculum. They know the essential concepts, inquiry tools, and structure of content areas, including academic subjects, and can identify resources to deepen their understanding. Candidates use their own knowledge and other resources to design, implement, and evaluate meaningful, challenging curriculum that promotes comprehensive developmental and learning outcomes for every young child.
Key elements of Standard 5:
5a: Understanding content knowledge and resources in academic disciplines: language and literacy; the arts – music, creative movement, dance, drama, visual arts; mathematics; science, physical activity, physical education, health and safety; and social studies.
5b: Knowing and using the central concepts, inquiry tools, and structures of content areas or academic disciplines
5c: Using own knowledge, appropriate early learning standards, and other resources to design,
implement, and evaluate developmentally meaningful and challenging curriculum for each child.
*You can also look through Chapter 5 of Susan Stacey’s book titled the “Unscripted Classroom: Emergent Curriculum in Action and use it as a reference
* You can also read through “Emergent Curriculum in Early Childhood Settings: From Theory to Practice” by Susan Stacey and use it as a reference.
Position Paper Guidelines:
* Must be at least 4 pages so approximately 1100 words
* Must be in Times New Roman Font Size 12
* Must be in APA Format
* Make sure your paragraphs at least have 5 sentences
* Make sure your Position Paper has at least 3 different references and 3 different educational citations within your position paper.
* Must include a Reference Page
Notes to the writer:
* I included a PDF File titled "Susan_Stacey-Emergent_Curriculum_in_Early_Childhood_Settings" which is the book of “Emergent Curriculum in Early Childhood Settings: From Theory to Practice” by Susan Stacey
* I included a PDF file titled "NAEYC-Initial-Professional-Preparation-Standards-Summary" which included the NAEYC Standard 5 of the 2010 Standards for Initial Early Childhood Professional Preparation that talks about Standard 5 of USING CONTENT KNOWLEDGE TO BUILD MEANINGFUL CURRICULUM.
* I included screenshot images of Chapter 5 of Susan Stacey’s book titled the “Unscripted Classroom: Emergent Curriculum in Action.
Thank you for your time
Pre-planned Curriculum versus Emergent Curriculum
Pre-planned Curriculum versus Emergent Curriculum
It appears as though the progressive and rapid advancement in human civilization is impacting every industry, including the education sector. It is this development that is compelling a rethink of the young children’s curriculum because of the impact it has on them in the long-term. Just as important is their extreme requirement to enjoy the process considering their age because they learn through active engagement (Seitz, 2006). Consequently, the emergent curriculum has surfaced as the right antidote to this need and in some way replacing the pre-planned curriculum. A preplanned curriculum is one, which contains the written subject that schools ought to teach. In essence, it is “often a statement of what the school authorities, state government or some group outside the classroom requires the teacher to teach” (Mangold, n.d.). This approach demands that the teacher is equipped with whatever is needed in the classroom. This system appears shortchanged in that it endears to control the content (what children learn) as well as the process (how they learn) regardless of any ensuing changes (Stacey, 2009). On the other hand, Jones (2012) coined the term ‘emergent curriculum in 1970. According to Jones (2012, p. 66), “Curriculum was set down only after it had taken place, not laid out in advance except in broad terms.” This point marks the underlying principle of the emergent curriculum. The emergent curriculum takes into the dynamism that arises in the teaching process and more so, kids who are less conversant with rules and limitations imposed under ordinary learning. Although there is much controversy over which is better, the emergent curriculum proves to be the better than preplanned curriculum because it integrates the essential aspects of communication and flexibility, which lack in the other option.
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