DEFINITION OF AUTUMN
Autumn is one of the four seasons experienced in the temperate regions; it normally marks the shift from summer to winter in the month of September in the northern parts of the hemisphere and March in the southern parts of the hemisphere. It’s normally characterized by shorter daylights and cool temperatures. Its main future is the falling of leaves from the deciduous trees.
THEORY OF AUTUMN SEASON
In some parts of the world, there are cultures that choose to describe autumnal equinox as middle of autumn whereas others that experience longer temperature lags take it as the beginning of the real autumn. Weather scientists and the people who dwell in the southern hemisphere; those that experience temperate seasons came to a paradigm shift by defining these period with the months in which it occurs. Autumn is characterized with the months of September, October and finally November, in the northern regions of the world. While in the southern parts of the world it’s associated with the months of March, April and lastly May. In the northern parts of the larger America continent, autumn is usually believed to begin in relation to the September equinox ranging from the date 21st September to 24th September and then runs all the way to the winter solstice which occurs between the dates 21st and 22nd the month of December. In North America the beginning of autumn is associated with Labor Day which is normally the first month of September. It’s normally the end of the summer season. Some of the traditions that take place in summer are discouraged after this particular day and date. Some of the discouraged tradition is the wearing of white apparels. Temperatures of the day and night are described as rising leading to the falling of leaves from deciduous trees. In eastern Asia, Autumn begins at or around 8th of August and ends on or around 7th of November.
INTRODUCTION OF THE POEM
Ode to autumn is an English poem by John Keats, John Keats is described as the high priest of the beautiful English poetry (Dr. Hareshwar pg. 1).Its believed to have been composed when Keats had written a letter to Reynolds from the far lands of Winchester (Buxton. Pg.3). Ode to autumn was composed in the year 1819 and it’s believed to be the last poem by John Keats (Dr. Hareshwar pg.1). It’s considered the best poem ever composed by John Keats, this was according to critics (Dr. Hareshwar pg. 1). Buxton describes how John Keats was inspired to compose the poem ode to autumn, after experiencing how exquisite the autumn season was. Buxton (Forman, 2009) talks of how John Keats loved Sunday walks in the fields and how the fields were beautiful in the season of autumn. He then comments on how John keats compared what the fields looked like in the spring with what he saw in autumn. The warmth of autumn mesmerized John Keats (Buxton. Pg.5).
The poet describes to greater extents the beauty of the autumn season. Autumn has been described as the season of mellow, fruitfulness and last but not least a season of happy content. The author reaches the peak of personification of the season autumn, these extends to the second stanza. The season of autumn has been presented in different forms. It has been described as a farmer at some instances a reaper and a gleaner in another instance. In this stanza the author presents the unending beauty of nature. The author gives a voice to the nature.
In this stanza the author describes the season of autumn as a female god. He describes it as often sitting on the granary floor and that her hair is so soft-lifted by the moving air. In addition it regularly sleeps in the bare fields or keenly watching how the cider-press squeezes the juice from the apples
The author personifies the season of autumn and tells it not to be astonished as to where the songs of the season spring have gone but in return listen to the new songs sung by hers. The author further describes vividly the sounds of autumn. At twilight the gnats, they are referred to as small. The willow of the trees that are lifted and dropped by the moving winds repeatedly. The full-grown lambs that bleat from the hills, the songs sung by the crickets, the whistles from robins in the garden and the swallows which gather in anticipation for coming migration season and lastly the songs from the skies.
SUMMARY OF THE POEM
This poem was written in three stanzas, this stanza’s depicts nature as being very beautiful. It uniquely describes and presents how beautiful the sights and scenes of autumn are. The poem has shifting rhyming scheme. Each stanza comprises of eleven longlines. These lines are relatively precise to iambic pentameter. The author divides the poem roughly into two, in the words of organization of themes and rhyme scheme. Every stanza comprises of four lines that follow the ABAB rhyme scheme while the other four lines are longer and the rhyme scheme is variable. Thematically evaluation of the poem shows that the second part is all about the music, development and predicts the subject while the first part is all about definition of the subject.
The notable achievement of these poem lies squarely with the ability for suggestions, exploration and developing richly backed themes (Keats’s Odes. Pg.5). All this is achieved without losing its calmness, the gentle description of the season autumn. The poem is deeply concerned with the daily observation and full appreciation of nature. The themes include beauty, time, music and many more others.
- Forman, e. H. (2009). Poetical Works of John Keats. In J. Keats, Poetical Works of John Keats (pp. 19-23). London: Crowel publ.
- llc, s. (2017). keats’s odes. keats odes, 1-6.
- Roy, D. H. (2017, Se 21st). English Literature. Retrieved from english corp. datum: https://royhareshwarroy.blogpost.co.ke/2017/09/