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9 pages/≈2475 words
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6 Sources
Level:
MLA
Subject:
Biological & Biomedical Sciences
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Term Paper
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English (U.S.)
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Writing Assignment Paper about Charles Bonnet Syndrome (Term Paper Sample)

Instructions:

Final paper: You are expected to review thoroughly and critically a brain disorder, a neuropsychological case study, or a general issue in brain disorders research that interests you. You will be expected to turn in an 8-12 page research paper at the end of the quarter. This paper is intended for you to gain more in-depth knowledge in an area of brain disorders research of particular interest to you, and will also be a great opportunity to develop your research and writing skills. You should be aware that the term paper is not something to try to write quickly at the very end of the quarter. To help guide you, you will be asked to choose your paper topic, produce an outline, and choose key readings for your paper earlier in the quarter. The paper should look at the disorder through a lens that considers the course goals. How does the study of this brain disorder help us understand better the neural basis of a particular cognitive function/behavior, and/or how the study of a cognitive function/behavior helps us understand better the neural basis of the disorder? The sources have to be experiments. Don't do too much book sources.

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Charles Bonnet Syndrome
Table of Contents
 
Abstract
Charles Bonnet Syndrome (CB) affects people who are visually impaired and cognitively normal. People with CBS experience vivid visual hallucinations or phantom images that worsen with age and visual impairment. The criterion for diagnosing CBS is to exclude those with psychiatric conditions and other issues like drugs and people living with CBS mostly know that the hallucinations are unreal. Loss in visual acuity is the most common characteristic for those with CBS and especially when there is age-related macular degeneration (ARMD). Similar those with eye diseases are more likely to develop CBS and this is diagnosed when they experience visual hallucinations in the absence of the neurological and psychiatric problems. Patients with CBS are reluctant to seek medical advice because of fear, but there is a need for more people to seek medical attention to improve health outcomes and the quality of life.
Introduction
Mentally healthy people with Charles Bonnet Syndrome (CBS), which is a nonpsychiatric disorder often experience complex visual hallucinations, and while patients with the disorder, mostly know that their visual experiences, the illusions or hallucinations are unreal. Typically, the hallucinations are pleasant, but can also be disturbing, even while explaining and witness hallucinations are difficult (Pang). People with Charles Bonnet Syndrome may experience well defined, organized and clear hallucinations, but cannot control them. Charles Bonnet Syndrome is more likely to affect people with poor vision and especially among the elderly, but the problem is often unrecognized and underreported (Pang). Increasingly, there is more research to understand the possible link between the syndrome and hallucinations and the way the brain receives information and processes images. The interaction of vision acuity among the elderly in the absence of psychological conditions and the presence of visual hallucinations, sensory impairment and deprivation ad cognitive impairment and deprivation is associated with the risk of Charles Bonnet Syndrome.
Case discussion

Even though, patients CBS have normal intellectual functioning, there is likelihood of underreporting of CBS cases for fear that people will be labeled mentally ill (Siddiqui et al. 1). Visual hallucinations remain the primary symptom to diagnose the disorder in the absence of substance abuse, psychiatric diseases and sleep disturbance. Since CBS is a visual disturbance disorder and does not meet the diagnostic criteria for psychosis, but neurological, geriatric, psychiatric and ophthalmologic research. The elderly people living with diminished visual acuity or visual field loss in the absence of other causes, including delirium and psychosis are more likely to be diagnosed with CBS (Siddiqui et al 1). Typically, CBS is a diagnosed after exclusion of the neurological and psychiatric problems, but there is still no agreement on the most appropriate mode of treatment (Siddiqui et al 2).
Hallucinations in CBS are entirely visual, while recovery and improvement in vision may result to cessation of the hallucinations. At the same time, the visual impairments may persist independent of the psychotic symptoms and neurologic diseases like Alzheimer and Parkinson disease. CBS is not benign as has been stated and assumed by some health workers and those who encounter people with the syndrome. Those with mild cognitive impairment can later be diagnosed with dementia indicating that visual hallucinations precede dementia diagnosis when the two conditions are co-occurring (Russesll et al. 5).
Heterogeneity of CBS has presented challenges when seeking to identify, diagnosis symptoms that are ...

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