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Social Sciences
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Racialization of Poverty in the Welfare System (Term Paper Sample)

Format: Essay (subheadings may be used but only if in APA format; and paper should still flow smoothly as an essay) Page length: 8-10 pages Students will do a final term paper on how social welfare policies and programs affect the well-being of a specific group of people in the Canadian context, for example, youth without a fixed address, children living in poverty, older/senior people, the working poor, Indigenous peoples subgroups, persons who identify as TsLGBTQ+, persons with disabilities, or people who have recently immigrated to Canada or asylum seekers. It is expected that students will continue to read about and research their topics post-annotated bibliography. It is recommended that students clear their proposed topics with the instructor to make sure they are on the right path. Your final essay should address the following, in order (make sure to not use sub-headings, but judiciously; focus on writing the transitions between ideas and paying attention to the flow of your paper; and remember that headings/subheadings must be in APA format): A scholarly introduction that explains the topic and thesis of your paper, including in-text references from your research process: First, provide a description of the specific group of people you have chosen to examine in the Canadian context. Who makes up this group? Why is it important for us to examine this social policy area? Include some data about how this problem is affecting this group (for example, perhaps you are looking at homelessness and youth – how many people does this involve in Canada or Ontario according to the research?). It is good to use statistics here, but make sure they are the most current statistics available (and do not rely on the text statistics). It is also good to mention what level of government is responsible for the specific policy/policies you will be discussing. Next, discuss the specific social policy or policies that are involved in this situation for your chosen group. Do not discuss social services or social work with this group—keep your focus on social welfare policy. For example, if discussing minimum wage policies and their role in income security/poverty, you can discuss some of the social policy debates include what is needed for an adequate standard of living versus the needs of small businesses and their ability to pay higher wages as part of the complexity of this establishing this a provincial policy. Next demonstrate some knowledge about how this specific group has historically been affected by particular social policies. Make sure to demonstrate some understanding of the programs and services that have been designed for this specific population and by whom are they offered. You should be able to reference the historical social welfare content covered in class in this section. Make sure to consider and directly integrate some of the readings about the history of social welfare module as it applies to your topic specifically. Next, explore the theoretical foundations of social welfare in relation to your topic. Identify some of the assumptions, implicit or explicit, in these social policies, programs and services. You should be using content from the first 5 weeks of the course here (and anywhere else it applies, but especially here), for example, social welfare values, perspectives on social welfare, ideologies, political orientations, etc. Next, examining the scholarly literature your researched for your annotated bibliography and since then, summarize the knowledge you researched about your topic. Make sure to not go article-by-article, but rather summarize and synthesize what the academic literature says about your topic. Also, make sure to research and discuss how the social welfare of this population is impacted considering gender, disability, sexual orientation, 'race,' and class. For example, if you are discussing income inequality, are there some groups of people that are more vulnerable to poverty or low-income wages as a result of their social location? Your conclusion should re-state your thesis and main ideas from your paper. Do not discuss recommendations—stay focused. Note: It is important that you write a social welfare paper, not a social work paper. For that reason, it is recommended that you focus solely on your thesis/question and avoid reviewing what social services exist for your topic area or making any recommendations. You will not have done enough research at this stage to do this well and therefore it is not expected or recommended. You will need all of the space you have in this short paper to address your thesis/question. source..
Racialization of Poverty in the Canadian Welfare System Name Institutional Affiliation Course Title Instructor Date Racialization of Poverty in the Canadian Welfare System Introduction Canada is a multi-ethnic country made up of more than 250 different ethnic groups. The bigger chunk (more than 80%) of these is made of whites, while the rest, people of colour, are often referred to as the visible minority or racialized communities ("2016 Census Highlights: Factsheet 9", 2018). The visible minority also include indigenous people of Canada together with other immigrants into the country. Throughout the history of Canada, people of colour have always faced unfair discrimination in most aspects of their lives. Additionally, there are numerous barriers in the labour market, which prevent people of colour from finding decent employment in Canada and thus destining them to a life of poverty. This discrimination is also deeply entrenched in the Canadian welfare system. The most affected by this discrimination based on colour are women and children. This paper aims to explore how the racialization of poverty in the welfare system works to marginalize minority groups. Minority groups are often stigmatized, and public opinions about providing social assistance to these groups are often skewed and not in favour of social assistance programs assisting them. This paper will use statistical data to exemplify the negative implications this has on families, especially women and children, it will implore the use of scholarly journals to backup ideologies and claims. Racialized Canadians Canada is experiencing significant demographic shifts, and especially in urban centers. According to the 2016 census report, Canada is currently home to more than 250 ethnic groups ("2016 Census Highlights: Factsheet 9", 2018). Currently, about 1 out of every six people in Canada is from a community of colour ("Just the Facts | Canada Without Poverty", 2018). This growing number of ‘colored' Canadians belong to a group known as ‘racialized communities,' a term that has replaced ‘visible minorities' or ‘ethnocultural communities.' Women and children make up half of the racialized group and are most prone to poverty. This is because of various political, social and economic issues. For example, women are most prone to domestic violence (partner and family) leading them to homelessness as they also form the biggest chunk of unemployed people in Canada. According to the 2016 census data, it is clear that racialized Canadians have the desire to work. However, the barriers that prevented them from finding work in 2005 are still in place. The data shows that racialized Canadians form 16% of the Canadian population. The data illustrates a labour force participation rate of 66.5% for racialized Canadians compared to 64.8% for non-racialized Canadians (Block, 2017). This is a clear reflection of a willingness to work by racialized Canadians. However, 9.2% of Canadians of colour were unemployed in 2016 while white Canadians had an unemployment rate of 7.3%. The unemployment rate gap has slightly decreased from the 2005 gap (Block, 2017). However, this is because of the increased unemployment of white Canadians, not because of increased employment for the racialized group. All communities of colour had a higher unemployment rate than whites except those of Japanese and Filipino descent (Block, 2017). Regarding individual communities, there was a significant variation in the unemployment rates. For example, the unemployment rate for Canadians of Arab descent was 85% higher than for whites, that of blacks was 71% higher compared to that of whites, in contrast, Chinese Canadians had an unemployment rate of 8% higher than that of Canadians (Block, 2017). These are significant variations in the unemployment rates and are consistent with the data from the 200...
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