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Political Ideologies: Anarchism, Liberalism and Socialism (Term Paper Sample)


Choose at least three political ideologies and identify common traits as well as major differences among those ideologies chosen. Make your critiques of each of the ideologies chosen in terms of their respective values and ideals as they are related to the government and politics.


Political Ideologies: Anarchism, Liberalism and Socialism

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Political Ideologies: Anarchism, Liberalism and Socialism


Political ideologies refer to specific sets of beliefs, ethics, doctrines, political principles, mythologies and social symbols of a given movement held by a certain social group. It also entails institutions and classes that form the basis of a given society through which they act and offer political and cultural social order within a given territory. There are various political ideologies namely; anarchism, absolutism, communism, conservatism, environmentalism, fascism, liberalism, nationalism and socialism. Political ideologies entail power sharing deals that are put in place to govern the society. Ideologies gain popularity depending on the influence of the ethical and moral aspects of the community, although at times they act in accordance to their own interest. Political ideologies are derived from a group of people with related ideologies, but they fail to embrace any of these ideologies (Heywood, 2017). The aims of the ideologies are that the organization of the society and formulation of methods that seem more appropriate means of achieving the set goals. Ideologies contain ideas of a government and the best economic system for the state. Studies have also shown that the political ideologies exhibit common traits, although they have differences in terms of their respective values and ideals related to the state authorities and politics. In this case, the three main political ideologies that will be focused on include anarchism, liberalism and socialism.

Anarchism, Liberalism and Socialism, Political Ideologies

Anarchism ideologies tend to offer skeptical reasons that justify any form of leadership and power that rules the society, and this particularly applies to political power. The ideology tends to be based on morality that is related to the importance of personal liberty, rights and freedoms in the society. People are required to flourish in a social state where they are able to build a consensus. On the other and, anarchism ideologies emanate from the aims of the society, particularly when comes to establishing a utopian community, and revolutionary agendas through various means of direct action. Anarchy can be described as a “rule by no one or non-rule” and it happens when all people in the society rule through consensus by providing an optimistic goal. In addition, anarchism tends to criticize those in authority who control the centralized power and monopolize powers and it end up being described as illegitimate. Anarchism defines the state as a situation where one state dominates over the other, leading to slavery (Stanford, 2016). There is no state without slavery, and the society is the enemy of the state. Sovereignty is concerned with division of power making it complicated. Furthermore, the government may be unlawful and unnecessary and is harmful to the society.

Liberalism ideologies are based on equality in political view. The ideologies of a legitimate government tend to support democracy, civil rights, secularism, freedom of speech, religion and markets. The political doctrines in the liberalism ideologies focus on protecting and enhancing freedom of human beings. The government has the responsibility of protecting the society from any form of harm. However, there exists a notion that those in authority can also threaten its subjects. Government authorities are supposed to protect people’s life, but the coercive power can also be turned against the society it protects through preventing those governed from abusing their power. Neoclassical liberals argue that government should act on behalf of the public. From the 19th century, those who believe in the...

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