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Health, Medicine, Nursing
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Position Paper: Causes of Depression (Term Paper Sample)


I have attached the previous worksheet that was complete by your company-I received a basic grade for this because of missing information and lack of detail. This worksheet needs to be used to complete this position paper. Write 4–6 pages in which you present and support an argument on what you believe to be the most prominent factors in the causes of depression. Base your assessment on the two scholarly articles previously analyzed in your Research Analysis assessment. Note: Assessments in this course will help you progressively build your critical thinking, analysis, and writing skills. Completing the assessments in sequential order, 1–5, will give you the best opportunity for success in demonstrating each of these skills. SHOW MORE Toggle Drawer Context Becoming competent in psychological science means that you not only develop a set of ideas about how people think and behave—you also gain an understanding of how psychologists arrive at their conclusions. Nearly all psychological research relies on the ability to make generalizations about a population based on a sampling of data, with a fair amount of certainty. Those professionals who perform research rely on statistics to analyze the results, but there are many more who will read the results of the research and apply it in the real world. It is important to be able to critically analyze any research findings in order to determine if the methods used and the results reported are valid, and if they are relevant to you as a professional. Inaccurate findings could lead to improper application, creating flaws and confusion in the scientific knowledge you are building. In order to critically analyze research reports, you need to consider the context in which the research was conducted, the methods used by the researchers to address the research questions, what the results of the research are, what conclusions the researchers made from the results, and if the conclusions are important. SHOW MORE Toggle Drawer Questions to Consider To deepen your understanding, you are encouraged to consider the questions below and discuss them with a fellow learner, a work associate, an interested friend, or a member of the business community. What kinds of questions should you ask when critically analyzing research? How can you determine the validity and credibility of research? Toggle Drawer Resources Required Resources The following resources are required to complete the assessment. Internet Resources Access the following resources by clicking the links provided. Please note that URLs change frequently. Permissions for the following links have either been granted or deemed appropriate for educational use at the time of course publication. American Psychological Association. (2014). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct. Retrieved from SHOW MORE Assessment Instructions Write 4–6 pages about the most significant causes of depression that presents your position defending either the biological or the cognitive-behavioral perspective. Your completed assessment should be 4–6 pages in length of content, not counting the title page and references page. Use the two articles you previously analyzed in the Research Analysis assessment, along with two additional scholarly or professional sources, to build three arguments for your position and support those arguments with evidence from research. If you have updated sources that you prefer to use, you may use those instead. To help you follow APA guidelines for formatting and referencing your resources, you may use the APA Paper Template linked in the Resources under the Capella Resources heading. In your paper, include the following: Title page. Introduction. Presentation of argument 1 and supporting evidence. Presentation of argument 2 and supporting evidence. Presentation of argument 3 and supporting evidence. Discussion of Principles and Standards of the American Psychological Association on ethics as they apply to the research. Cite specific Principles and Standards as applicable. Summary and Conclusion. Summarize your main points concerning arguments and evidence. Reach a final conclusion about the position and what it means. References page. You can view the Causes of Depression Sample Paper in the Resources as an example of one way to format your position, arguments, and evidence. Additional Requirements Written communication: Written communication is free of errors that detract from the overall message. APA formatting: Resources and citations are formatted according to current APA style and formatting guidelines. Number of resources: A minimum of four current scholarly or professional resources. Length: 4–6 typed, double-spaced pages, not including the title page or references. Font and font size: Times New Roman, 12-point.


Causes of Depression
Depression is a mood disorder. It can manifest as major depressive disorder or clinical depression. Depression is presented with severe symptoms that affect how an individual feels and it affects how their think. Furthermore it affects their day to day activities like sleeping, working, eating or even relations with others. Depression appears in various forms and develops under unique circumstances. Depression can be mild that is it doesn't affect the normal operations of an individual. On the other hand, depression can be severe to a point it becomes suicidal.
It is experienced in various forms and includes persistent depressive disorder where an individual experiences episodes of major depression and periods of less severe depression. Another type of depression is postnatal depression which affects women after giving birth but clears after a few weeks. Psychotic depression occurs as a result of psychosis and is manifested by delusions, while Seasonal affective disorder is a form of depression which is associated with winter when there is less sunlight.
Depression occurs in both Children and adults in many ways. One school of thought describe the cause of depression as old age and that as human age, they become more and more susceptible to depression. Conversely, the other school of thought argues that individual's development from childhood to adolescent to adulthood influences their rate of depression. Cognitive theories of depression contribute a great deal in showing the causes of depression. This paper focuses on genetic factors, temperament and parent and peers factors in an attempt to explain causes of depression.
Causes of depression
Behavioral theorists believe that old age causes depression and that as one ages his or her chances of being depressed increases (Fiske et al., 2009). The assumption compares the rate of depression in older individuals against their younger counterparts. However, cognitive behaviorists argue that individual's development process from childhood to adulthood predisposes them to depression. This paper uses the cognitive theory to explain causes of depression. The genetic makeup of individuals has been associated with cognitive vulnerabilities to depression (Hayden et al., 2008). It argues that cognitive vulnerabilities act as immediate risk factors connecting genetic makeup of an individual to depression. That genetic makeup of individuals contributes to their heritability and mood swings. The article argues that rumination is closely associated with genotypes that cause depression in adolescent girls.
The cognitive theory also attributes depression to temperament. It claims that individual temperamental traits which are inheritable cause depression in childhood and in adolescence (Hankin, et al., 2011). Temperament also plays a role in the development of depression by accelerating the risk for formation of cognitive vulnerabilities or through other hazards process (Hankin & Abramson, 2001). Temperament causes depression through three main ways, positive emotionality, negative emotionality and attention control.
Negative emotionality is associated with uncomfortable and tensed experience like fear, anger and quick reaction to stress. Pleasure and environmental rewards are related to positive emotionality. The ability to control emotions, behaviors and focus is related to attention control. In a situation where an individual possesses lower positive emotionality, less attention control, and higher negative emotionality, depression becomes inevitable more so among the youths (Wetter & Hankin, 2009). Hankin and Abramson (2001) b...
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