The Dakota Access Pipeline (DAPL) Case (Term Paper Sample)
The Dakota Access Pipeline (DAPL)
The work of the group is to research this case from a sustainable management/environmental engineering perspective and perform a high level analysis which identify the arguments that were raised by the opponents of the project, how those arguments were managed by the project proposers and the legal system and what could have been done different in order to mitigate the strong antagonism resulting of this project. Moreover, the groups' thoughts on the interpretation of the findings of the EA studies and the issues brought in the last sentence should be included in the analysis.
3 pages, 12 points Courier or New Roman, single spaced. Margins: 1” all around.
Analysis focus on those four parts:
Social & economic
Air quality and noise
Dakota Access Pipeline
Dakota Access Pipeline
The Dakota Access Pipeline project was a proposed crude oil pipeline construction project, running from Bakken and Three Forks in North Dakota to Illinois. The 1,168-mile long pipeline was meant to ease the transportation of crude oil to North and South Dakota, Lowa, and Illinois (Kennedy, 2017). However, several environmental issues arose from the proposal since the pipeline was meant to run through federal owned lands at Lake Oahe in Emmons and Morton counties and federal flowage easements close to the upper end of Lake Sakakawea. The project raised concern regarding the possibilities of a leakage, which would contaminate the lakes that are considered fishing grounds, the source of drinking water, hunting and religious practices. According to the complaints by Standing Rock Sioux Tribe (SRST) and several tribal governments, the construction of the pipeline below the lakes would be of high risks since any leakage or oil spill could contaminate the water, which they use as drinking water. Aside from the lakes, the project is also expected to have an impact on the geology and soils, groundwater, vegetation, wildlife, aquatic life, cultural resources, air and noise pollution, hazardous waste and socio-economic conditions. On a sustainable environment perspective, the project would be useful to the company and government since it increases the profits from the sale of crude oil. However, the environmental and social threats that emerge from the construction can also bring about long-term effects to the communities and natural resources within the areas. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the Dakota Access Pipeline case at a sustainable environment perspective and evaluate the possible measures to help in the construction of the project while minimizing the risks to the environment and the community.
Social and Economic effects of the Project
To begin with, the legal system acknowledged that the construction of the project would be of great advantage to the population around the area economic wise. The $3.78 billion project would create twelve thousand jobs, which will mainly be given to local, regional and national individuals (Dakota Access, LLC, 2016). The income generated from the construction would benefit the governments through tax revenues, as well as valorem taxes worth $13.4 million (Dakota Access, LLC, 2016). Therefore, the opponents of the project had no social-economic reason to object the construction of the pipeline. The counties within which the construction would take place would experience a temporary economic boost due to the money spent by the workers. The increase in a number of workers in these counties would affect the demographics of the areas, but since the project would last a few years, then it would only be temporary. If no construction was to take place, the national, and county governments as well as the locals in Emmons, McKenzie, Sioux and Morton County would be at a loss.
According to the Standing Sioux Rock tribe, the project proposers did not adequately consider the environmental impact of the project before its initiation. The Standing Sioux tribe claimed that the land which includes the northern Great Plains, proposed to be used by the Dakota Access Pipeline has been culturally significant to the tribe since time in memorial (Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, 2016). For that reason, the tribe insisted that they have an obligation to preserve the land, fauna, flora, water, and air. The tribe also complained of the possibilities of oil spills, which would contaminate the lakes that are sacred to the tribe. They therefore proposed a full assessment of the possible impact that the construction might have on the environment. The complaints ...
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