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Ocean Desertification: Reduction Of Oceanic Biomass (Term Paper Sample)


Global Societal Problem, Argument and Solution
Prepare: The topic of your essay needs to be a global societal problem from the following list: adult illiteracy, funding for General Education vs STEM in primary and secondary schools, minimum wage, oceans desertification, overcoming the digital divide, refugee (escaping persecution, war, or death) crises, species extinctions (modern), tax havens, Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP), universal statement of human rights (pick one), airport security, or wealth disparity. Review this GEN499 Sample Final PaperPreview the document Guide for additional guidance on the expectations of this assignment.
Reflect: Based on the topic that you have chosen, you will need to use critical thinking skills to thoroughly understand how this topic can be a global societal problem and determine some logical solution(s) to the problem.

Write: This Final Argumentative Essay will present research relating the critical thinker to the modern, globalized world. In this assignment, you need to address the following items in separate sections with new headings for each:
Identify the global societal problem within the introductory paragraph and conclude with a thesis statement that states your proposed solution(s) to the problem. For guidance on how to construct a good introduction paragraph, please review the Introduction Paragraph Guideline (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. from the Ashford Writing Center (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..
Describe background information on how that problem developed or came into existence. Show why this is a societal problem, and provide perspectives from multiple disciplines or populations so that you fully represent what different parts of society have to say about this issue.
Construct an argument supporting your proposed solution(s). Be sure to consider multiple disciplines or populations so that your solution shows that multiple parts of society will benefit from this solution. Provide evidence from multiple scholarly sources as evidence that your proposed solution is viable.
Interpret statistical data from at least three, peer-reviewed scholarly sources. Do this by discussing the validity, reliability, and any biases; identifying the strengths and weaknesses of these sources; and pointing out limitations of current research and attempting to indicate areas for future research. You may even use visual representations such as graphs or charts to explain statistics from sources. Evaluate the ethical outcomes that result from your solution. Be sure to provide at least one positive ethical outcome as well as at least one negative ethical outcome that could result from your solution, and explain at least two ethical issues related to each of those outcomes. It's important to consider all of society.
Develop a conclusion as the last paragraph(s) of the essay, starting with rephrasing your thesis statement and then presenting the major points of the topic and how they support your argument. For guidance on how to write a good conclusion paragraph, please review the Conclusion Paragraph Guideline (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. from the Ashford Writing Center (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..
The Final Argumentative Essay
Must be approximately between 5-8 pages; excluding title and reference pages) and formatted according to APA style (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..
Must include a separate title page (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. with the following:
Title of paper
Student's name
Course name and number
Instructor's name
Date submitted
Running header with page numbers
Must include in-text citations (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. from at least 10 scholarly sources. Be sure to integrate your research (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. rather than simply inserting it.
Must document all sources in APA style as outlined here (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. and here (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..
Must have no more than 15% quoted material in the body of your essay based on the Turnitin report. Reference list will be excluded from the Turnitin originality score.
Must include a separate reference page (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..
Source Document Requirements:
Multimedia sources (such as videos) may be used, but no more than two such sources may be used. If multimedia sources are used, they must be authored and distributed by credible sources, such as universities, law schools, medical schools, or professors, or found in the Ashford University Library.
Government sources may be used, but no more than two such sources may be used. Examples include,,,, etc. These websites can be used to make a stronger point about your proposed soluation within the argument.
Where print documents are used for source materials, those must be peer-reviewed, scholarly journal articles, and academically published books. Popular media sources (e.g., newspapers, magazines, television and radio shows, etc.) must not be used. Materials from advocacy groups (e.g., Greenpeace, Human Rights Campaign, National Organization for Women, etc.) must not be used.
Sites such as and Wikipedia must not be used.
Religious texts must not be used.
Good Critical Thinking Tips:
Your paper should include academic sources that explain multiple sides of the issue.
Your interpretations of the evidence should be objective and state the conclusions and theses presented in the evidence clearly and fairly.
Your paper should place the various forms of evidence in relation to one another and demonstrate why one form or perspective is stronger than the other positions that one could take on the issue.
Your paper should point out the limitations of current evidence and attempt to indicate areas for future research.
Writing Tools:
Before you submit your written assignment, you are encouraged to review the The Grammarly Guide: How to Set Up & Use Grammarly tutorial (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site., set up a Grammarly account (if you have not already done so), and use Grammarly to review a rough draft of your assignment. Then carefully review all issues identified by Grammarly and revise your work as needed.


Course Code:
Oceans are the biggest natural resource in the world which is habitat to 5-10 billion tons of biomass. The sustainability of the oceans has deteriorated greatly in the last century, and the trend is still continuing. Human activities have posed a threat to the sustainability of the oceans through pollution and unsustainable exploitation of this resource. The result is ocean desertification which can be defined as; the continued reduction of oceanic biomass due to pollution and unsustainable human activities on land and in the oceans. Human activities on land and in the oceans have a direct and or indirect impact on the marine ecological balance. These activities reduce the amount of oxygen in the oceans, less sunlight penetration and changes in the chemical composition of the oceans leading to the death of marine life. These effects are continually tipping the ecological balance to irreversible lengths which result in desertification. When sunlight and oxygen levels plummet, and sunlight penetration to ocean floor reduces, less planktons grow, and the entire food chain in the ocean is affected. Humans are also part of this food chain, and in the recent past, fishing has become harder because of the culmination of the factors that threaten marine life. Currently, the ocean desertification trend can be reversed by human intervention, but it might be irreversible in the near future.
Background of the problem
Since the industrial revolution, human activities have affected the natural balanced cycle of Mother Nature. Our species has threatened our biodiversity and led to the extinction of many species, some even before they are discovered. The oceans, which is our biggest natural resource, has been heavily impacted by our activities. Most of ocean desertification factors can be traced to land activities. For example, most of the plastic used for packaging finds its way to the oceans and adds to the factors that prevent sunlight penetration to the seabed. In 2010 alone, it is estimated that 4.8 million tons to 12 million tons of plastic entered the ocean. This study sought to assess the influx of plastic into our oceans. Plastic is less dense than water and floats which leads to less sunlight penetration. The bigger plastic debris also breaks down to microplastic which further affects the growth of planktons. The great Pacific Ocean Garbage Patch has over 79,000 metric tons of plastic. This study was carried out to assess the extent of plastic accumulation in the Gyres. This is just one of the 5 gyres in our oceans today, and the statistics showing the gravity of the problem are startling. Gyres are natural marine collection points which are formed by the flow of ocean currents. It is also estimated that the amount of plastics in our oceans will double in the next decade, which is a very unsettling prediction. The plastics industry has been increasing continually in the last five decades, and very little of it is recycled or reused. Therefore, the plastic industry has had a direct adverse effect on marine ecology, and if it remains unchecked, it will engineer the death of our oceans.
Poor agricultural methods coupled with treated industrial waste has led to eutrophication, and it is destroying the ecological balance in oceans. Eutrophication is too much concentration of nutrients in one place; typically, a marine environment which affects the natural cycle of marine ecology and food chain. According to (Solow, 2017),'there is a clear connection between eutrophication and two significant environmental problems: harmful algal blooms (HABs) and the depletion of oxygen dissolved in bottom waters (hypoxia).' This study was carried to establish the impact of eutrophica...

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