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Global Societal Issues Include Species Extinction, Climate Change, Air Pollution, Deforestation (Term Paper Sample)


Introduction, Thesis Statement, and Annotated Bibliography
Prepare: To help with the preparation of your annotated bibliography, review the following tutorials and resources from the Ashford Writing Center:
•Introduction Paragraph Guide (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.
•Thesis Statement tutorial (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.
•Annotated Bibliography tutorial (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.
•Sample Annotated Bibliography (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.
•Evaluating Sources (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.
Reflect: Reflect back on the Week Two Discussion in which you shared with the class the global societal issue that you would like to further address. Explore critical insights that were shared by your peers and/or your instructor on the topic chosen and begin your search for scholarly sources with those insights in mind.
Write: For this assignment, review the Annotated Bibliography Formatting GuidelinesPreview the document and address the following prompts:
•Introductory Paragraph to Topic: Refer to the Final Argumentative Essay guidelines for your topic selection. Write an introductory paragraph with at least 150 words, which clearly explains the topic, the importance of further research, and ethical implications.
•Thesis statement: Write a direct and concise thesis statement, which will become the solution to the problem that you will argue or prove in the Week Five Final Argumentative Essay. A thesis statement should be a declarative statement that makes one point in 25 words or less. The thesis statement must appear at the end of the introductory paragraph.
•Annotated Bibliography: Develop an annotated bibliography to indicate the quality of the sources you have read. For each annotation, you need to summarize in your own words how the source contributes to the solution of the global societal issue. Your annotation should be one to two paragraphs long (150 words or more) and fully address the purpose, content, evidence, and relation to other sources you found on this topic. The annotated bibliography must include no less than five scholarly sources that will be used to support the major points of the Final Argumentative Essay. Critical thinking skills need to be demonstrated by accurately interpreting evidence used to support various positions of the topic.
The Introduction, Thesis Statement, and Annotated Bibliography Assignment
•Must be 1,000 – 1,250 words in length (excluding the title and reference pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..
•Must include a separate title page with the following:
◦Title of paper
◦Student's name
◦Course name and number
◦Instructor's name
◦Date submitted
•Must use at least five scholarly sources.
•Must document all sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.


Annotated Bibliography
Institution Affiliation
Annotated Bibliography: Ocean Desertification
Research has shown that many of the world's global issue are caused by mankind. Examples of these global societal issues include species extinction, climate change, air pollution, deforestation, over population and ocean desertification. These issues present major threats to planet earth and must be eradicated for the safety and survival of humans and other species living all over the world. The paper will focus on analyzing one of these major challenges that is Ocean desertification.
Ocean desertification refers to the situation where the sea and the sea bed become inhabitable by marine life and is characterized by the degradation of the sea bed. Scientists have credited trawling as the major cause of deep sea biological desertification as it diminishes the organic carbon content of the sea bed which is necessary for marine life survival. In addition, climate change, development of coastal urban areas and ocean pollution are some of the other causes. The paper will go through various articles written on the issue of ocean desertification that have highlighted its global implications and the required remedial actions.
Meng, W., He, M., Hu, B., Mo, X., Li, H., Liu, B., & Wang, Z. (2017). Status of wetlands in China: A review of extent, degradation, issues and recommendations for improvement. Ocean & Coastal Management, 146, 50-59.
The author begins the article by letting the readers imagine of an ocean bare of marine life because it's too polluted for anything to grow and survive. The article then identifies changes in climate, pollution of the oceans by hazardous waste, destruction of marine ecosystems and encroachment of coastlines for development purposes as the major contributors to ocean desertification. He notes that the increasing levels of carbon dioxide have adverse effects on the acid-alkaline balance of the ocean resulting in the death of marine species. Furthermore, he shares that nuclear reactor melt down like the Fukushima incident and introduction of hazardous waste materials in the ocean cause a change in the water chemistry and extinction of the ocean species. He then mentions that all these causes are easily preventable as they are caused by mankind. He adds that the society needs to be educated on this issue in depth and all members given the opportunity to come up with innovative solutions to avert this crisis.
The article is very educative as it highlights the various causes of ocean degradation in detail and provides solutions. More so, the author relating the issue to the recent Fukushima incident puts more emphasis on the seriousness of tackling the issue.
Yang, D., Wu, J., Chen, S., & Lu, Q. (2007). The teleconnection between marine silicon supply and desertification in China. Chinese Journal Of Oceanology And Limnology, 25(1), 116-122.
The authors note that a number of environmental changes resulting from human actions are affecting the oceans health. These include increased UV radiation, over fishing, ocean acidification, hypoxia and pollution. They mention the efforts of various policy makers around the world to address the serious threats to the oceans ecosystem. For example, there is “the Marine Strategic Framework of the European Union of 2011”. They then share the need to understand what global change is and its key drivers and its subsequent connection to ocean degradation. They further state that all stakeholders in the society need to be involved in the fight of this global issue. The authors then mentions the aspect of anthropogenic global change which are global scale changes resulting from the impact of human ac

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