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Research Proposal
English (U.S.)
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Engineering: Identifying Construction Project Risks in Australia (Research Proposal Sample)


1-The proposal should be a revised Statement of Intent clearly
indicating the research topic in Engineering 
2- Area mechanical/ production / project (engineering) 
3- The structure should follows: 
A.Research background ( introduction )
B.Literature Review
C.Research Aim and Questions 
D.Key Objectives
E.Research Methodology
F.Reference List
*be advised that I need to agree on the topic before you start. 
*My bachelor degree in Mechanical/ Production engineering - and master in project management , preferred area combined both of them other wise any simple engineering topic within the area.
- I need you to writer that can make a Research Proposal, this is to obtain a PhD offer from Australian universities 
- in order to get an acceptance the proposal should be under Engineering 
- my topic should be relate to one of these options project engineering , mechanical engineering deciplines or construction 
- The paper has to follow the same structure within the attach documents. (sample paper)
- The writer need to search for a paper, topic or a theises within the area and paraphrase it to me . 
I'm not sure if you count the reference list as a page or not , but I'm happy to add one more page if it's required.


Research Proposal
Identifying construction project risks in Australia
Research background (introduction)
For construction projects to be successful, it is important to identify risks that affect the project objectives. The risk management process is integral to guaranteeing the project outcomes, where stakeholders can identify the key risk factors at the various stages of the lifecycle (Jin, 2009, p.146). The construction industry faces uncertainties, while the construction practitioners need to identify the most effective risk management techniques to get optimal outcomes. Risk assessment is an integral aspect in construction project management to achieve the project objectives (Zou & Zhang, 2009). Risk assessment focusing on the Australian context helps to identify risks that are related to clients, contractors, government actions, designers and subcontractors. Even as there are generic risks that affect the construction industry of other countries, there are risks that may be common in the Australian construction industry. Risk management of projects is crucial to managing the risks that arise in the project lifecycle.
Literature Review
Researchers have focused on the risk to construction projects in diverse countries as they relate to stakeholders and the life cycle (Zou & Zhang, 2009, p. 64). Identifying the project risks makes it easier to implement mitigation measures and develop risk management best practices that can be adopted in different settings (Zou, Zhang, and Wang, 2007, p. 613). At other times, researchers have highlighted risk models useful in prioritizing and ranking the risks. Risk management facilitates effective resource use, as organizations and construction practitioners respond to potential risks to improve construction project management outcomes. The risk management methods can be preventative that are utilised during the early project life cycles, but they can also be mitigated to minimize risks (El-Sayegh, 2008, p. 433).
The working relations between the contracting parties in the construction industry affect risk management approaches, and target cost contracts is one approach to reduce disagreements among the stakeholders (Chan et al., 2011, 753). The stakeholders’ knowledge of risk mitigation measures helps in prioritizing the risk mitigation measures. Typically, there are uncertainties in construction projects, and this may be a gain or loss depending on the ability to consider risks in cost estimation. The knowledge and experience of the contractors and construction professionals influence their risk attitudes and decision making, highlighting the need to identify these factors to improve risk management practices (Wang and Yuan, 2011, p. 212).
Risk management ensures that the project objectives are met regardless of the project size, and identifying the barriers to project performance improves the quality without increasing unnecessary project costs (Hwang, Zhao, and Toh, 2014, p. 118). Construction professionals understand the need to implement risk management processes, and when the construction industry practitioners have a positive view of risk management they are more lik...
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