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Research Paper
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US History after 1877 (Research Paper Sample)

The core assignment of this course is a documented research paper (1500-2000 words in length = approx. 6 - 8 pages double spaced, 12-point font). -The essay should support a thesis statement with information gained from research or investigation. -The paper will not be just a report presenting information, but will be an essay that carefully examines and presents your own historical interpretation of the topic you have chosen and your interpretation of the information you have gathered. -The paper may include consideration of problems and solutions, define key terms, or refute arguments against your thesis statement. It will be important to choose a topic of interest to you. -Approach this assignment with an open and skeptical mind, then form an opinion based on what you have discovered. -You must suspend belief while you are investigating and let the discoveries shape your opinion. (This is a thesis-finding approach.) -Once you have found your thesis, write the paper to support it. You will use some of the following critical thinking skills in this process: 1.Choosing an appropriate topic, limiting the topic 2.Gathering information, summarizing sources 3.Analyzing and evaluating sources 4.Defining key terms 5.Synthesizing information, comparing and contrasting sources 6.Testing a thesis, making an historical argument, using refutation 7.Amassing support for a position 8.Documenting sources Because this may be a longer essay than you have written before and a complex process is involved, it is recommended that you complete this paper using the following steps: 1.Choose a topic related to U.S. History after 1877 (Chapters 16-28) that you would truly like to explore and that you are willing to spend some time on. Your chosen topic should be focused. Pose a question that you really want to answer. You may want to begin with more than one topic in mind. 2.Do some preliminary reading on the topic(s). You may begin with the textbook, then further explore the information available. Refine your topic. Summarize your topic, your interest in the topic, the questions you want to answer, and a hypothesis you want to test. 3.Gather information from a variety of sources. Use a minimum of four sources for your paper, and at least one must be a primary source. ◦Examples of primary sources are ones that are used in our discussion forums 2 - 8. ◦They are sources that are contemporary to the times under investigation. ◦An example of a secondary source is our textbook, though the textbook also contains excerpts of primary sources, which you may use as a source in your essay. 4.Outline the results of your research and then plan for your essay (note you are not required to submit the outline). 5.Write the final draft and be sure to include a Works Cited List; be sure to use the correct MLA documentation style. Grade Rubric INTRODUCTION & THESIS: The essay makes a clear and effective statement (the thesis) about the chosen topic. /15 FOCUS AND DEVELOPMENT: Body of the essay focuses on this thesis and develops it fully, recognizing the complexity of issues. /30 SUPPORT AND SYNTHESIS: Uses sufficient and relevant evidence to support the thesis (and primary points), including facts, inferences, and judgments. Quotes, summarizes, and paraphrases accurately and effectively--appropriately introducing and explaining each quote. /30 CONVENTIONS: Uses MLA format correctly; includes a Works Cited list; is free of errors. /10 CORRECTNESS AND STYLE: Shows critical thinking and depth of understanding; uses appropriate tone; shows sophistication in language usage and sentence structure. /15 TOTAL: 100 source..
Name Course Instructor Date World War I The war happened between July 28, 1914, and November 11, 1918. It was initially known as the Great War during the early times since massive damages happened during the war and affected people in many negative ways. Only when the world went to war again in the 1930s and '40s did the earlier conflict became to be known as the First World War. Its casualty totals were unprecedented, soaring into the millions. The war was recognized by the extensive system of trenches from which men from both sides fought. Lethal new technologies were released, and for the first time, a major war was fought not only on land and sea but below the sea and in the skies as well. The two sides were known as the Allies or Entente consisting primarily of France, Great Britain, Italy, Russia, and later the United States and the Central Powers, mostly composed of Austria-Hungary (the Habsburg Empire), Germany, and the Ottoman Empire (Turkey). Many smaller countries aligned themselves with one side or the other. In the region of Pacific Japan, finding an opportunity to seize German colonies, threw in with the Allies. The Allies were the victors, as the entry of the United States into the war in 1917 aided a lot in the war. The war resulted in a dramatically changed geopolitical landscape, including the destruction of three empires: Austro-Hungarian, Ottoman, and the Russian. New borders were taken at its end and resentments, especially on the part of Germany, left festering in Europe. Ironically, decisions made after the fighting ceased led to the end of the war to be a significant cause of the Second World War. This paper will focus on the unfolding events that led to the start of the world war one, its development, the American involvement, solutions and challenges to the end of the war (Gould 165). Events That Resulted In the War Many factors contributed to the start of the war: • Fear of losing economic and diplomatic status. • Long-standing ethnic variations and rising nationalism in the Balkans. • The influence exerted by military leaders. • Concern over other countries' military expansion, leading to an arms race and entangling alliances. • French resentment of territorial losses in the 1871 Franco-Prussian War Following their 1871 victory in the Franco-Prussian War, the German states unified into a single state. Its leader, Kaiser Wilhelm II, best grandson of Britain's Queen Victorian Navy that rivaled Great Britain's vast and renowned fleet. It would increase German influence in the world and likely allow the country to expand its colonial holdings. Britain, fearful of losing its dominance of the seas, accelerated its naval design and construction to stay ahead of the Kaiser's shipbuilding program (Leary 69). Russia was rebuilding and modernizing his vast army and had initiated a program of industrialization. Germany and Austria-Hungary saw the danger fixed by the large Russian population and, hence, its ability to increase a massive army. They made a coalition for self-protection against the Russian bear. France, still stinging from the loss of Alsace and part of Lorraine in the Franco-Prussian fight, made an agreement allying itself with Russia in any war with Germany or Austria-Hungary. Britain, after participating alone in the Second Boer War in South Africa from 1899 to 1902, allied itself with France and worked to improve relations with the US. Russia, having many ethnic groups inside its vast expanse, made a coalition with Serbia in the Balkans. The old Ottoman Empire was struggling; "The Sick Man of Europe" was...
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