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3 pages/≈825 words
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MLA
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Health, Medicine, Nursing
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Research Paper
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English (U.S.)
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The Evolution of Erectile Dysfunction Drugs since Viagra (Research Paper Sample)

Instructions:
INDIVIDUAL PROJECT Each student will choose his or her own topic in pharmacology and research the most current information available. The research paper will be a summary statement of your findings. The research can be done entirely online. Try to find the most reliable information, and steer away from the kind of personal stories that clutter up the Internet. The goal is to find out the very latest information in a short amount of time. Be sure to include information about the drug(s), not simply the name of the drug(s). The paper is to be three pages in length (double spaced), not including your reference page. You must use as least three references. Remember, this is a pharmacology course so stay focused on drug (medical) treatment options. Many students get their grades marked down because of incorrect referencing, so make sure you reference your paper correctly. Also, put the paper in your own words. Do not just regurgitate what you have read. I want to make sure you understand what you are reading. Look to sources like PubMed, WebMD, government sites like NIH, NCI, and various professional journals like NEJM, or JAMA. Your best sources will be original research articles, not news, opinions, letters to the editor, magazine articles, etc. BIBLIOGRAPHY/WEBLIOGRAPHY Include a bibliography of your research sources and reference what parts of your paper came from what source. source..
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The Evolution of Erectile Dysfunction Drugs since Viagra
Introduction
Erectile dysfunction is the repeated condition where a male is not able to develop or maintain an erection firm enough for sexual intercourse. It is caused by both psychological and physiological factors. However, this condition is always treatable with drugs. ED as is commonly known varies in severity. For some men, it is a total inability to achieve an erection. Others have inconsistent ability to achieve one while others can only sustain brief erections. These variations make defining the condition and estimating its incidence difficult. Many men find it difficult and embarrassing to discuss their condition and thus the conditioned is under-diagnosed. Erectile dysfunction can occur at any age but is common among elderly men.
Causes
Erectile dysfunction occurs when there is a disruption in the normal erection process. The sequence of events includes nerve impulses in the brain, spinal column and the area around the penis and subsequent response is in the muscles, fibrous tissues, veins, and arteries and near the corpora cavernosa. The common cause of erectile dysfunction is damage to nerves, arteries, smooth muscles and fibrous tissues sometimes due to diseases like diabetes, kidney disease, and vascular disease among others (Jared 10). Obesity, smoking and excessive alcohol intake as well as stress and anxiety can also cause erectile dysfunction. In addition, some medications can produce erectile dysfunction as a side-effect for example, blood pressure drugs, tranquillizers and appetite suppressants among others.
Surgery can also lead to damage of nerves, veins and arteries that may result in erectile dysfunction.
Treatment
ED is however treatable at any age. Some men just need a change in their lifestyle like quitting smoking and excessive alcohol drinking as well as exercising and losing excessive weight. If the condition is a side effect of a medication, one is required to inform the doctor so that he is issued with a different class of the same medication. Psychotherapy and counseling can also help in treating the condition if the cause is due to psychological factors like stress, depression, anxiety, low self- esteem, fear of failure etcetera (FDA.gov 2010). The other mode of treatment is drug therapy. Drugs for treating erectile dysfunction can be taken orally, injected directly into the...
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