Has Globalization Made The World More Or Less Politically Stable? (Research Paper Sample)
Carry out additional research: 10 or more relevant, varied, information rich sources must be used, at
least five of these must be academic sources.
All answers require that you discuss comparative examples (that is, examples that allow you to
compare and contrast the conditions and experiences of people in different countries or regions)
You must use the three requirement reading above, try to use simple lanauges to finish this assessment.
GLOBALISATION AND POLITICAL INSTABILITY
Location of Institution
Globalisation and Political Instability
Globalisation has increased interactions among people, corporate organizations, societies, and governments. The cross-border transfer of goods, services, information, technology, people, and capital has created an interdependence among various world’s systems. The political consequences of globalisation are wide-ranging and complex. This paper examines literature to find out the impact of globalisation on the world’s political stability. The paper takes the position that globalisation has made the world less politically stable. The features that characterise this political instability are economic inequality, competition for resources, cultural entrepreneurship, labour tensions, separatism, and worldwide availability of weapons.
A key feature of political instability as a result of globalisation is economic inequality. According to Marwah and Tomar (2015), globalisation has increased economic inequalities, causing discontent and conflicts in different parts of the world (p.116). Examples of countries that have experienced recurrent conflicts due to economic inequalities according to the authors are Nigeria and Pakistan. As shown by Houle (2018), economic inequality increases the wealth of the rich relative to the poor, dampens support for democracy, reduces participation, and increases the variation in policy preferences among different income groups. However, as informed by Marwah and Tomar (2015), economic inequalities do not directly cause political inequalities in all situations (p.116). In this regard, there exist some conditions necessary for economic inequalities to cause political instability. First, it is essential that the economic condition in the society is in a position to create awareness among the economically disadvantaged that they have been deprived of opportunities and that these opportunities are exploited by just a few members of society. Second, awareness has to drive the economically disadvantaged to come together and challenge the existing political system. Third, it is essential that the political system does not contribute to improving the lives of the ‘have nots’. The economic inequality that comes with globalisation is thus a key driver of the political instability present in countries like Nigeria and Pakistan. It is justifiable to say that without globalisation and income inequalities, the world would have been more politically stable.
Another key feature of political instability due to globalisation is competition for resources. As a result of globalisation, individuals and groups are competing for resources, and with this comes violent conflicts and consequently political instability. As informed by Tidwell and Lerche (2004), one of the ways through which globalisation influences the expression of conflict is the provision of new resources to compete over (p.4). Globalisation has created demand for resources such as diamond, oil, and gas that have been sources of conflicts, fuelling political instability in many countries around the world. The story of conflict diamonds as elucidated by Tidwell and Lerche (2004) show that globalisation has played a key role in driving political instability in many parts around the world. In Angola, when UNITA lost the US government support, it turned to diamonds to fund its military operations as it sought to oust the government (Tidwell & Lerche, 2004, p.4). In Sierra Leone, diamond smuggling was used by the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) to wage war against the government and resulted in deaths of tens of thousands of people. Furthermore, one of the world m...
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